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HAND AND RIFLE GRENADES 



ROCKET, AT, HE, 
2.36-INCH 



restricts, ^mfmESHSSS! 1 ^ 



in* 



4-4] pVTiti 



n \ta*w4 



Ik 

1*42-1 



WAR DEPARTMENT 



FEBRUARY 13M 



WAR DEPARTMEN T BASIC FIELD MAtiU.lf 

Jkix iuW mfcrirtrr *y JO. 15- J™ iV^IH^ £ I, + Stfinmbws 

Jig, JJ or D*i^arJ»Rl s 1^: TF#i-MBff LlKaJttt „Va±. ^ Jft fct fr, P1 Md 



HAND AND RTFLE 
GRENADES 

ROCKET, AT, HE, 
2.36-INCH 



WA R DEFAR TUf ENT : i f FEB fit; J It Y , 9f4 



R E-STRICTED. dissem 4T f ON OF restricted hatter. 

-The irr .rm.iri. n Ctf mumc-d in r-re-lriiTl^H il.;-rii™*r H j-jn-i iht Ci-tcnAuJ chmrmc- 

irrbtk* ns' rritrictcd mar trial rikij he H -^- ht pirayn fcnawn k- Ik is -hr 
-nvibr 1 1 H fchr LniiPtl Sell** Hid L-u fccstJiiK ky-ifty a:. J tli*- 

CrttiWi »ha a.rr ■rnci|»r.iri-r ri . m I,, ■ ■ hr =i I wrk, Vnl will r.rr be" COmmuni- 
C£1*:l Eu the c-ulili-r nr to lH« F Ttmi rXLTjjC hj jullmrixr-d sr.iMl^rr EPjJblic 

ntaiou feftftrif*. CH#p *Uo p*r, i B*. Aft j&*-j r ^ptr^Twr 19+1.) 



h'tirhtmQTjj, ■ [444 



CONTENTS 



CHAPTER 1. HAND GRENADES 

Section I. General ■ 1-4 

II. Training and practice a -u 

III. Combat training 

IV. Safi'ty yrvi aution*. |itjIioe «f 

range, ami Jim ruction nf 

duds - ■ ATM 

V. Advice to instructors. . . , 2$-*% 

1 

CHAPTER 1. RIFLE GRENADES 

Serf ion L Grenades, accessoi be*, sequence 
of D|Jt;i in ions, am! liunhan- 
fca] iraitiitig -19-34 

II. Antitank niarkimaii J»Jj ■ ■ ■ .3.1-4 ri 

III. Am Lpersonrlel matksmar^h i p ..j 7-56 

IV. Safeiy precautions 57"5* 

V. Advice 10 instructors 5SH>" 

CHAPTER I. ROCKET, AT, 2.34-INCH, AND 
LAUNCHER 

Sett it »i E. General ' fi *-°3 

IL Charaaemr i r s, and descri plitJil 
of antitank roctfit lamwhcn 
M1A1 and M H . ^-S? 



Hi. AmiiiLHiiuiMi . . . . P , . . i j.| 

IV. Mainten a n ce 73-79' 143 

V. Operation r .fiu-feij 153 

VI. Marksmanuhip Af-tiB ibt 

VU. Tanical employment ........ Jftcf-tjt 180 

VIII, General information. ^JHUi 

CHAPTER 4. S PEC r A L INSTRUCTIONS c*6 1 H<j 

APPENDIX. LIST OF REFERENCES 191 

INDEX ' ' ' ■ - ■ ■ ... I [\S 



WAR DEI 1 AR J MENT a 
Washington 25, D. C„ 14 February 

FM zg-go, Hmul And Rifle Grenada; Rocket, AT, HI- , 
s-Sfi-incll, is publishc-cl Fm Ulv informauciii ami guidance: 
of all conrcrno<l P 

I A G. JW.J {22 Dn- ^},] 

By OMjiji of the.-Sf.cretaiiy of War: 

G C MARSHALL, 

Chief a/ Stag, 

Official: 

J. a. n.ro, 

Major Gsntralj 

Thr Adjutant GentmL 

DrarmuTioh" 

Rn ft H i-7. 9-11^15^19. « (5): IC a, & 7. |? p 
16 (*o) r 3-5. 9, u. igt. 44 fie}; C 18 (g). 

(For explanation of symbols see FM a 1-6.) 



'■"■•i- ■* 1 » .. ■«■» !■■ ."■■! ^yjr. r r-i-Ni wii £ frrtirtfr jVc. jcy, fFaf 

"M#/ r f'#4^Mjf C iff hJ^i IfahP. hv #1. ?J, *?, f/ t HJ, 

i'i ifiPr-rffi Ip FJf IJ-F* ^1.^1 X wiring Fifms, Fihw Sr^jy. 

ulfa Pihj, 1 I'lir Jjftmiti jj* 1*4.' Ad u u^-pi L>pruJ! F f i'vi"*.^ ^Jmj uh.I 
rr ipWrndfc J IVi mni, u<rd hi'ru I >> r i # 'r iiu J.- pnau'u 1 [iir 
I A* hjt a,' hund and pi.Vr y"T^3j'rj H ur*V iA* rn-brt, .H7 F - B J" ■" . 



CHAPTER 1 
HAND GRENADES 



SECTION I 
GENERAL 

I TYPES. Hand grenade* arc divided into the ^Uowin^ 

■ yp^; 

Fragmentation grenades, containing an explosive 
charge in a body deigned to fhagiiietu wwh rhe aoion :hI 
I lac bursting tharge. 

b. Offensive grenades containing a Iiigfi explosive 
diaige in a paper body, designed for demolition I'fFecl. 

t C^hcmual gienades LoniaLiiing a r.hcmir.a] agem 
which produces a toxic: or irritanL physiological effect, a 
MTftruing nr hi^jial smi?ko, an incendiary action, or any 

■ in h> i nation of these. 

d. Practice grenades, containing a reduced charge, to 
^ii i Lid utc fragii^iii;iiKiii |>i uncles, 

J raining grenade^ containing no explosive cn 
diemkal. 



2, FILLERS. The filler is, the subfitaTice r- int-d in ihr 

iwdy of a gienade. Fillers used are — 



i 



A. EC tvxpiwivv c^mpajipJ blank #n-e sjtiofcefess 
powder. This is a commercial l^rpe granulated nitroceL- 
LuLmsc powder, generally pink or yellow ill color. Il it Itn 
powerful than TNI" ucid h exploded by ignition Either 
chan detonation. Grenades loaded with this material ran 
lie issued 1 1 1. 1 ami heady for uw and arc, in general, not 
susceptible to mass detonation. 

6. TrimHnHiw* H / TN FJ . T NT U s* able but, unlike 
blank fire powder, it explodes by dciuuaikiii. I S 1" in 
blue t: form as used for demolitions. 

c. tfrJoracefopheriQ-jie f CN J . This 1% .1 lachrymatory 
(tear) gas which produces a severe burning sensation ill 
the eyes, causing intense weeping. In one type ol irritant 
hand grenade. CN is combined wilfi diphum lamiJU:- 
chlorarsine fd below), 

d. DjpJtenyfflm^eeAJornrsjne f GML DM h 1 

u hi^'i ijljsl-s .i Hurtling &ensa[Lnn in cbc: nose and ihroal 
and a heavy or lifiht feuhn^ in llii- tU-M. Thru- in .il - ■ j 
iimj.veaiing tflcicc, the degree nt which depends on the 
concentration of the \*m and the leiijgrh i i-F exposure, 

*+ HtxcrcMortHi eiAMfflf pi prior* fHCh Upon iglli* 
tiOEi P HC in i \i ci finKkiLr-s ,i deiiAr white smoke which 
is hamiLc-A. JJ<i siimkc Rtcnades ar* nwd Hy the Army 
Air Force* arid ihe Armored Command for signals- 

f. SuTphur trfGiide-efiJorjuJ/onic ocJd m-iityrc 
(FSJ. FS is a rorrosivr liquid whm h rtacr^ with the atmo- 
spherc, prrMluctiiR an effiecrive screening smote. 

§. Hydrocyanic acid tACh AC is a clear COltiflMi 
liquid which i^portiM lo a clear colorless gas upon re- 
lease front Lhe container. It h a powerful nerve poiion, 
nonpar sislrnt- and has an odor of bitter almonds or 
crushed peadlM. A weak «mreniraiinn rauws an unpleas- 
ant taslc in chc month, dimness. hezMla^he, and a rush nf 
h j 1 i . i l 3 m r hi- III In strung concentrations, death is in- 
siantaneous. 



7 



h. GoscNnc I thickened I [NPJ* M> U a thickened m 
Lf-ndiary material composed of a impure of napalm mil 
gasoline. It readily adheres to smooth surfiia ■■ n -I ^JJ» 
lively ignites combustible mait'iials. 

im ' GnsehW ftAitkenedJ fJMI* IM is a thickened In 
L< fc ndiary materia] which readily adheres to rmooth m 
f:ices, 1 1 effectively ignites combussible materials. 

I* Thermo** tTH}. TH is an incendiary material com- 
|*0«ri of thermit and other in^yredieilla whhh, upon ignii 
injj h develops a u-iiiperatiiTe of 5,000° F. Grenade* filial 
w»iih TH are used to mtll together movable metal part*, 
and against materials which are difficult to iftnite- 

II White phosphorus fWPJ. [ |?^it ignition and eon- 
1 uit die air, white phuapEioi us bmtiK i c 1 a while 

Mnokc, Grenada filled with WP ate effective a^L-m* fnn 
screening small unit operations. White phosphorus is also 
an incendiary; the "horning particles produce <a&ualiics 
and have a harassing effect on the enemy. 

J, Colored tmolco. This is a mixture ot lulphuT, po 
laHfiium chlorate, sodium hkarbonatc. and dye to pi m luce 
the desi ifil rolor. Grenades filled viih roloird smoke are 
used as signals lor ail-ground and ground-lo-ground com 
mi ui i it a i km, 

J, COMPONENTS, a. Time Fm FOR DEMOLI- 
TIONS AND DESTRUCTION OF DUDS, Tin- limr 
ftlZft or, safety fuze, is a card containing a slow-bm ning 
powder train. The lime fuze mstotA to the ierviee i* known 
icimmcrcially as Bickford Flue and horns ;it the apprutti^ 
mate rate of 15 inches per minute. Time fuze should al- 
ways be tested before using to etc ten 1 Line its rate of 
bunting, 

{2) FOR CRENAHRS. The lime Fuze in grensde fir- 
irtR cnecfiflmsms i*cut to burr- for varying lengths of time, 
depending upon Lhe type of grenade. Two Fu/es are used 
with Fra^meiuai iffli grenades: MioAj, cut to bum From 



3 



4<3 iu seconds; Oil to bum irom 4.0 to 4.S 

seconds. The M ioA:f is commonly icFctltd to as the 4^- 
second turn; the Mm A3 a* ihe 4 -second four. Fuzes u-sed 
with dwmici i fiifuades arc cut to hum Fen- a seconds. 

6 r Ocfoiufofj- A detonator U a metal tupsulc filled 
With a detonating explosive audi as iuLmLnacc c^f mercury, 
CotnmcroiaJ detonators come in icn si/c*, iiumbejed ] lo- 10. 
The I%Iilt numbered size* are larger and tun Lain increas- 
ing amounts of ihe depilating mixtuiv. \ivs. fi ami IS air 
the utics il-sl'J Li] Krenadci. Detonators are tfrtlsitive to 
heat, shock, and friction and should by handled carcluth 
ac all time*. 

C. Fir»i + The Lii.''.- ]-. iJic mcihamsm that fites the 
grenade. Fuzes arc described in (lei ail and their function- 
ing explained in TM All hand grenade Fu7cs &r-e 
time ami Automatic, lime- means: ilm 1 he jtneriflhk 1 is 
hied after a certain lapse of lime ami not on pcrciiMion. 
Automatic means that the fuze begins 10 function aum- 
matically as it leaver ihv ha ml, prm iditiji, ilk \^U'i\ miier 
|>[n has heen removed, llms providing a safety factor by 
eliminating the necessity of starting I he at r ion ol iln 
mechanism before ihr gienade is i*n its way, As to the 
final action, fuzes may be classified as detonating or 
igniting. 

(I) DETONATING FUZES. Delfinaiinp fuzes conlairt ;i 
detonator. The function of the: detonator is either lo sci 
ofr Mm- l v^Lusl^. 1 Inline 01 to lunsi ihe container and 
liberal C the filler. # 

(1) IGNITING FUZES. Igniting fuzes contain a small 
quamiu i»f lilac L |>uwdi-i or a puwik'i jk-IVi i I . i i i^iiiiri 
I he filler -as tbiin^li a lighted match were applied. 

(3) IGNITER M;_ The igniter M j is used with the frao 
gible grenade Mi par. 40 {tfi) r 



4. CHARACTERISTICS, a. Hit mnn,i! nil-hsum 
<>f hand gienade* ate a* follows 

(i) FRAGMENTATION HAND GRENADE MK LI 
(figs i mill The IkkIj til ihU ^iLii^tlc i% itjdth- <?l h,m 
iron and is aboui ihc siacc nf a Large lciiuui. Tin- i.-liim- Ii 
■sulfate- is deeply serrated hori/H anally and vertically lo a* 
skc in forming uniform iragiiietMS U'licn ihc grenade i*x 
pin h Irs. Tin? hursiing charge is 0,74 ounce of EC blsml 
fire pHiwder^ and the grenade h fuicd wiih cither 
fhfjoAfl igniting fine with a 4 i/ r setnnc1 dilay uv rln 
MiqAj, LKnitii]S fii/e wiih a 4-sccQnd dtlay. Fragment 
may lly over 500 yards. * 

I 




Figure 1 t-ragmfftlatiftri hand qnTiraJp 

1 



■ 




£i) PRACTICE HAND GRENADE MK II. This stand- 
ard practice gmiadc is equipped with the igmling fme 
AliuAi* Thr gic-iiacLc: is landed with a charge of hlack 
powiLur Lunui.iiii i in ;i jupcr uihr-. Ahri Hit- fuze is as- 
sembled in the fciciiafk, chU chuge i* inserted into ihe- 
Ailing hole, which h eluded with a cork. 

(3) TRAINING El AM) CRKNAUt. UK. lAt. Th« 
grenade k standaKl frir practice and training. ]i consists 
of a one-piece east iron hod) 1 in the shajwe of the fuzed 
fragmentation grenade and a removable safety pin atld 
ring, h iiieri. 

{[I f-RK.N ADK. HAND, OFFENSIVE MIL IHAi. Ttll* 
limited standard ijrenude consists of a die h am inji which 
is threaded to Tcxpixe ihe Itjjr, clcirmaiinj^ hand grenade 
and a body of laminated cartridge paper which 
rami am* the high eK ph&Lvc charge. L lus j^iena-de is for 



I 



i k Lnolnion. It may be wed in the open nturt safely lhan 
i J segmentation grenade beeatue iherc is riu maik^L 
Lra^ientaiion, Gr-enadc bodies acid fu^es are shipped 
si|iaiatcly_ 

FRANGNII.E ftKENADE Mi (fig- S>- (*) Thii 
Kicnade: is a Uftiiuuxi glast pint botilc equipped with a 
a vimped meraL rap and is used with ihe following chemical 
fillers FS, AC NP, anil CM- No bursting charge is pro- 
vided, Diipenai of oontents is produced when ihe boltlc 
k shattered by imjHlrr. 

(b) When the franRihl. » > i.idf Mi is filled with in- 
liiicUary hlk-i KP or lM r it is nipped with the Mj 
ijriuier (par, y £5}). Itm Igniter consists of an igniter fuie 



ffTh HiHITEB. MA 




IhhIjp a striker, ami a blank, tamidg*, ami.! is fastened 
around tbe bottle with a limine rman stiGip. Before throw- 
ing the pin niuxi be removed. When thrown, the 
bottle breaks, K'leuising the strap and scrap safety- This* 
permits the strike], isi n I. i- .n mated by the striker spring, 
to ignite the blank camid^. 1 he Hash hmw \\w blarifc 
lAinid^e i<rni(i^ (he 1 cements i.<I Mm hmkuri In -i i k-. 

(fi) IRRITANT GAM 1 AM) MIKNADE, CN DM, Mb 
{fig. 4©). This grenade has a i ylindrkal bmly matte of 
tin plan-, r In- I>imK contains perforations or vent* which 
are co ve red with squares of adhesive lapc. When the 
grenade lunnknis rht-Mj panties are blown or burned off 
md rbe £*s escapes. The chemical lillui is cninpwcd of a 
mixture of GK-J>M and n small amount of blank Are 
powder. Twt**eti>mlfi after the primer islirenl, I he giemide 
begins to generate a gas having a pungent odor. One 
seocmd later the £a* reaches full volume and the grenade 
functions for to 35 seronds. This i* a burning type 
grenade and does ami explode. 





(7) IRRITANT GAS HAND GRENADE, CN 3 M7. 
L tkii- (jrenade ii similar to cht M6 grenade but is filled 
with CN only m^raLl of ihe ON DM miiauns- 
■;8) INCENDIARY GRENADE M14 (%. 4® and ®), 
['Ijli the: 1 'iiiaLc-fillcd grenade H ^imilas m si/c aitcJ shapr 
11 ifie inirjrni ^ I mud gnwtade C N DM M6. h i- 
(.-quipped wkh an UunoAi i^miiug Iujc. At cer a 2-F.L-r.oncS 
Idmv . i he 4 her mace igriiK-4 rtsut bum for 30 *ecotKls «■ 
longer- A clamp of strap metal is furnished with each 
jrK-naflc, into whirh rhf grenade ran hf! placed tlj keep it 
fmm n>lh"i]^ when it iftilitcs. 




damp for ivrrmdrnry frrrwrfr M J J. 



<9) SMOKE HAND GRENADt, WHITE PHOS 
l B HORUSj M15 (fig. 4®). This ^retiacte it generally sim- 
ilar in siie and shape to the irrliant pas hand j'lx.Tiade 
CN'DM M&. has nn.ijnk-i[ minors, ti ih equipped with 
the M6A3 detonating fuze with delay. This 

^leHade is different H um iln- nrfitr c hem Leal grenades in 
that it is a bursting type KittNide. On i-ipkiriittg, rhe solid 
piere& of WP wlJL he *cat tercet over an area about 2ji 
vanls in diumului and will burn for approximately 30 
m l imda. 

{1 a) COLORED SMOKE HAND GRENADE MiS OR 
VI 16 (fift, 4®}. This, grenade is; similar in size and shape 
m the irritant Ha* hand Rrenftde CN DM Mfi. Tr is 
1 'C]i lipped wiih [he MsfmAi ipjiittng fuze with a-«c£rtld 
delay. Sevtn colors of smoke (red, Grange blue P green, 
black, violet, and yellow") are available The mitcure En 



1 - 




#UZE ASSEMBLY 
OE TON* TINS 



JHULINlTaQN 
MARKING 



STEEL BODY 




-J3MC3KE 



LOADED 
IDENTIFICATION MARK 

AN& BATE CP FILLING 
[hlQHTu a YEAH ; 



LOT NUM6EP 



. WP 



4-0 T- IZJ3 




thr Mifi gjmaile burns for I miiiucr and in ihc- Mifi 
(limited, staiidaid) grenade the mi Mine burns for aj4 

(11) RED SMOKE GitEN^JE M$ (fig. 4®) r This 
gr-cna.de h larger ihan the. usual chemical grenade, beiti^ 
■bent j indies by inchn. Ii uses igniting [u» M wo A i 
or McthA?. This j^cnade can be employed, its a ti^nutin^ 
device; it i* excepiwialh vMlilc a^iinsi a snow back- 
ground. Three metal flap* al the mp should be be in 
upward n> serve js additional bases so that the grenade 



T 



will hut flmk bekrtv the imface when placed Upon sin™, 
mud, cm sivaiii[^ grimml. Aficr an :i|>f imxiinare s-^nrnd 
Jrtay a the smrike mixture ignne> ami burns for ^houl 2 
m mums, ancJ srri seconds. 

(J 2} S\rOkl£ HAND t:RHN r ADE, HC r This gic- 
Made, similar [hi size antl xluipe to CN-DM M6 h except rhju 
hoJc* are punched in the top onJy P use* mxitiog fu/e 
MltihjAi or MsmjuAsj. J 1 is used by Army Air Forces and 
ii issued (h> special raisk fortes. 

b. A summary oF the nricHU lypts of hand grmftfa 
is given in the following lable; 



fuze 



AMM UNHIDE 

S-MQk£ MlfcTUHC "■■ 
CDtOft UN tftLU]*! 1 
r£ 0N£ "DF FOLLDWing - 
- BLUt h 
-GAEEN- 

"H E D- 
y y*OLET H 

Vi"WIDE 94 4" LONG 
"PLANTER 



USADER'S IDENTIFICATION 

mmk a datc FILL INI? 

[MONTH & YEAR? 

t&T iV U M B Fft ****** 




.HA- «- 44! 
LOT- 1^3 



SECTION n 
TRAINING AND PRACTICE 



5. -GENERAL. (in-nadc- e ■ ■ hS>. c i i_g is ihi- in.isE liii i :h h i ;i 1 1 1 

;iIi;im' hh! hand ^l^natlc training. The iJhowli must strivi 
follow the mcthmJ oE ai min^ and [hiuwing so ihac in 
the litter siagc* of training Uifw opt'ifiriuiiK will be \w\ 
formed correctly through habit. Accuracy and dis-tarm * 
me the flC'siired lailiUs in ^ti\\;uU I In- iwirh^. 

a. Outline at instruction, (i: I raining in grtttftdi 
c browing is divided into three step*: 
(h) Development of throwing technique 
{&) Dcvclopmrnl ui aa:nra(:j and distance. 
((} C^rnliai rniininjv 
(2) Training includes the dirowinR of the training hand 

Lji uiUlilLs mid I lac inipruvitfd ir.n:!jilili ii;idr> .1- il- 

>cribed in paragraph fi#. Irk developing throwing lex. Ii 
iiLc|itL-. an j lc:vcl held is siiiiable. In [be tim iltrii 
lion is foc/LISt'd on j.wisil inns, Iii^lilinji ul Mir vrriiiiih', I In 
ihrnw, and ibe irajcr li^rj.'. 

\\\) Pici]ht ihrmviiin \n liriiijiM' having been attuned, rln- 
soldier proceeds lo the second step in which Ettdlfllqili 1 i* 
Liimhinrnl wiih 1 1 .lining in the- development of amiiai h 

afld distance* Thia "\> in llir rrMmmj* imlII Ik inndllilrd 

an Hit- pracijic- mnrse and will consint ol di rowing h« r 
varied ;i rid logiial ijm K l'Is. 

(4) In the third step* she soldier threat - pvnade* in .1 
umed "unl: 1 Linns. 
h. Chemical hond grenades, (lj IRRITAN T G \S 

HAND GRENADE, CN-DM, Mfl. The CN-DM grenide* 
should be tbmwri up wine] nf ihc larget area so 

1 bar rhc gan clone! will be carried to In mile pe^nincl h\ 
tbc wind, 

IT 



(*j 1NCLN DIARY GRENADE JVI14. This grenade mi 1^1 
be thrown lo Fad on combustihie romerials. For destroying 
such matei ieJ as weapon* and vital parts of vehicles wkin h 
-■lh- "IlIFh u|i Co ignite, the grenade s-hnnhl he |jl;iu'd in prK-i.- 
lion (not thmwn) before activating llie primer. Since there 
is a diliiiiii; iiKuvmem nt the grenade at ihe imtUfl il ex- 
pLruJt-s. it should he fattened in place whenever practicable 
in in lSc t eh 1 retain the maximum incendiary effect.. (See 
fig 4®0 

(j) FRAN<; I III K GRKNA11F, Mi. Frangible grenades 
iiiiisr Ix: aimed accurately and Lin own wiih mllEFic Jem 1 1 - ; ■ r 
lo assure breakage. 

c, To hold grenade fli-j;. yj) The grenade shrink! be 
betel En the right hand wlih ihe safety lever finnh pressed 
by the palm. The forufingtr of the left hand is inserted 
through the safety pin ring. (A IrFi-luindrd 11 inn 11 1:1s 2 ■-: iln I 
ihe grenade in* hi* leFt hand.) In this position,, the safety 
pin can be FCfKttMd without altering ihe grip foe ■ hurtl- 
ing. The Ihrunvr mnsi cake eveny pi eviction iFtcf the 
safety pin has bten withdrawn noL lo release his grip cm 




Mm l.vcr until ihe grenade is thrown, wnen pit pan nig i« 
ihmw the fragmentation ham I grenade Mk. II. eIic: lhumb 
«nd forefinger of ■ he right hand should be around ihe 
upper horizontal serration of the body wich the pahn 
ili^htly higher on the grenade to insure downward pra- 
mire on the lever. Oiherwise,. the lever may be released 
lH-Eorc throwing, or the fiiie head may be caught by the 
hila rs when thrown. For grip used in throwing' die faangi- 
ble grenade Ml sec figure iod>» 

d. General rules for throwing. The grenade should 
In: thrown in a jnanner similar to ihe throwing of a tor- 
pas* in football. The bkeps, mwttfc fl/ the rAriHung 
■ rhj should be contracted jtwi before throwing, 'lhc gre- 
nade U released just before ihe ami is fully extended it is 
given a spinning motion by being released over the lipt 
Lif the fiogeJI ii haves the hand so that it will rotate 
around \U longer axis, fn/e to the rear, during its flight 
in the target. "I he ni:i\inmiu range is obtained when the 
Rienade leaves the ham I crave] in & ai an upward angle of 
.|r ( *. The hand being at ihe shoulder, to execute the 
iliiitw. carry ihe right band forward and upward without 

■ witting the wrist. The left arm always counterbalance! 
i In movement of the right arm. If the ftivnadei "are strik- 
ing to i he right or left of the tai^ei, the entire body should 
he shifted to the left or right. For the first practice no 
il tempt should he made to ihrow more than 5 grenades, 
.1 to iliiuw bevnid a distance of an yards; the number 

■ if grenades thrown and the distance is increased as train- 
ing progresses. Thirty-five yards ift considered a #*od range 
after training has progressed. A fjO-jard range is above 
r. I'ltLf.e, 

i. METHODS FOR DEVELOPING TECHNIQUE, Devel 
iipnwfU of [enhniqiie is the first step in grenade training 
When lhc proper icehnique has been anained by thiow. 



ing pjActkv. llie thrower' develops accuracy ami dihian 
on the main, crater, fox hqJr, ancJ vesrn ;il latyr hmiiiv 

Q r To throw from 5 1 on ding pcjrficji ■ 1 1 to). J la 
ihrowrr farinp the target, chc com main Is am] manner o 



Figure tf. 7"tf fhfOnr frv'tf jfrnrrirr-ig ^mjjj'iri. 




20 



(1) STAND, lace lo the right, Mme ihe 

j feet toward the target, wich ihe toe pointing in lln mm 
. ial direction of the i^rget. Assume a taU-balamrd and 
:jsy^]>osllion. With the hands down and in fibril ul lln 
i enter of ihe body, ^rasp [In- grenade in the pn^i i il»«- 1 
"itaiLiier. Uhen dummy hucid gt'enadrs .in n r.: I. ihr h h 
fovehugei grasps ihe light thumb lo simulate the griupinjj 
- ■[ flic safety park ring. 

43) PUI I. PIN. ] > liJL < mi i Ill"! safety pirt wLl.li u twiilin^- 
pulling TiiotfuiJ, holding ilie h-iinU as m arly as, practicable 
1 11 (rone of the renter of the body. When dummy giertftk't 
are used, simulate this movement: 

(3) PREPARE, TO THROW, Quickly bring ihe n k ]h 
itnn in in jKisirii^i. i lie elbow ai che hclpjht of and on liiu 
with ihe shoulders, palm of like hand up. and mat ••> 
i milling ihe shoulder. \\ i lie* same time evinnl Mm U-fi 
;irm t palm of the hand tluwii, in rhc direr tion of the taifti* 
The weight of ihe body is on the r ii^l 1 1 fmH. "Hi*? bixLx i- 
lM=nt to the right, li^hc knee heni, eyes Hi^htin^ over ihe 
Irfc hand to insure dlrccti-m 3m il iln.-n on the target. 

(4) THROW- Quiikly move ihe right arm upward and 
to che front Without twisting The wrist and release lilt- 
grenade \mi before the arm is fully ealcndrd, being sure 
in impart a spinning mm inn. 

irp) RECOVER . Resume the iM^icinn of stand. 

b. To threw from kn^Fiiaj position (ig J). The 
ihriawer facing the tJLifc^. execute* (he commands in thf 
following manner: 

fl) KNEEL. Fact to ihe right, kneel on the kifthi knee, 
right leg to ihe rear, left leg ami Fm>t yhfiiniing in the gen 
<-i gil direction of ihv uirgCL. The weight of ihe body ii on 
ihe li^ht fctrae- 

(2) PI MLL PIN, The eneculinn ii the same a* fnr the 
■ Landhifi iKisiclon. 

(3) PREPARE TO THROW. The exeana^n ii ihe same 
as for the standing position extept that ihe weight of the 
lKkJy Is, on the kiglu knee. 

21 




(.]) THRCm'.Thf exetUUukl is the same as For the siaml- 
ing |XHsiLLUEi extepi that the body is brought to itcm bl 



ill- ■ hr-%1 . ^iiLUTg in cuiiiatl wiih the left knee and upper 

I. h i .11 tin- M>rapLetion of the throw. 

< n > llhXJOVER. Repine [he pwiEinn of knell, 

I. To throw fr*m prftfl* poiiNon {fig. S). The 
ilinpwer P facing ihe target, executes the commands in ihe 
Mining manner: 

1 1 1 I IV. DOWN. Assume a prunu puallion, as shown m 
l^ii re 6®, The body is on a line approximate]) in pro* 
liHh^iLiion of the target, so that wIktl UK jMisJcion prepare 

i jmjw j* taken ii will be unnecessary Ml shift the feet 

or li ft knee. Either check ii near or on the ground. 
Cvl IT LI. PIN. Holding ihc grenade in fltsnt ot the head 
< 1 1 ■ wii hi figure H.i , | hiI i Mm- pisi in the same manner 
i . I: i ihfd for the standing pcuiiiun. 

i -| i PREPARE TO THROW Draw back the hands m& 
nmns so than the hands are near the shoulders, left hand 
,ind fi licit ni Nai on the ground, riylit forearm and wrist 
imfvon the ground; shove the body upward, pivoting the 
weight of body on the left knee; ttraL&hien chr rtRht le^ 
a rid extend it suai^Fil n> chr* rear. Hold tin. 1 In ah upright. 
U. nut push up with the ham I bolding the Rreuade. Keep 
1 1 1 i-n hand clear of the ground as shown in figure S®. Con- 

ii ii Lie until a kneeling potion is assumed. Being now in 
■ii kneeling poftiiion, kneeling oit the Vti knee, assume Mir 
*.unc pnfl.il ions for I he hands, amis, IhkIv. and eyes, a-s 
ni veil for i he standing petition. 

( l) THROW. The execution is the same as for the stand 
nig position. Stop the forward motion n\ Mm- hrnh h^, 
pbeing the right hand on the ground after the throw, ]>er- 
iiihtinj3f the 1>imK in Mimimic to the ground. This positimi 
iv ill leave rhe riRht hund near ihc head and the left hand 
.. i r the ivaiM i>n i ht- left side. The lefi hamt can be Used 
h. cany another grenade to ihe right hand for the next 
1 1 1 1 ow- 

..I RFCX>VER. Place ihe left hand nrsl io the righl in 
[mnt of ihe hea*t- Resume tin- fi ssition of LIE down 



23 



Figure A". IV iUrtw frwm ^riurj. ..•.•4. ..^ 





■S- rfin-r*- (A rait*. 




M 



9 Thr-aw. 




(S Htlitm U> prom 'pmitrnn, 

d, To Mr9w from prone position f advancing I \\\y. 
The body of the thrower ran be advanced about ar teei 

■m n ;ti h ihrow if this, is desired. The wmmamh and num- 
■ in - arc the same as fhr the prone position exuepl in 
■ i- 1 1- ik i 10 ihkuw. A* the hamls are hmufchi hack r ad- 
unite the left knee a.s far as possible. The d hi a rice ih?t 
ilhc IrFi knee uadvantvd h ihe dmanu: ihac chc bt>d\ will 
In- -iLdvHiieed for each throw. 




25 



b. T* threw frawylbteyrvvndm* (fig . lo). (i) Allmd 
must be trained id throwing frangible grenades ai bdtl 
vlatLuiiary and moving targets, Beetles filled with waLei 
may be used as practice grmades, 
fs) When the chrmver h aln^e the surface «f the grou tic 
ihc grertadu is ami thrown fls >liown in ftgui 

id®, ®, ® ? and QX Note [liai ch* grenade is thrown will 
□ n. underhand motion and a] Lower! roll off ihc fingei 
lipl » that it rotates ibmti its Longer axis. This prevent 
wobbling ui ftimbling in flight. 

Ffgitr* n>- TJinmiaVijj fnsN^rWc ^ffflJdfJ. 




24 



flE Throwing from crouching froiUiurJi, 




Qjj When (he lJuuwcj Jm in a shcLJ ci ulei U"* hcilr, :hm 
Kieriade i* still grasped as shiiwn in figure io<D but il 
thrown widt an overhand motion, {See fig- to®, ®. an*fl 

tV T» fnxow flrtJiadtf in towns, wood*, or jungle J 

J il built-up areas, woody ru jungle, a hi^li de^ut i>r an J 
latiy in throwing is necessary to take advantage of openw 
injxM in buildings ami foliage, and nan-"* I;lo«m. 1 ti J 
mainiui of throwing depend* ■ wliwlier llic iipi-uLnJ 
through which to throw is high or dose to tin ,,..,,1 
(i) IE it is necessary to throw over tall walls or brush ••rl 
iliKiugh an opening in walls or Foliage some ditftu I 
abinv the ground, the overhand method prescribed iJ 
jiaragraph r>d is applicable exeepi that the angle ar whwdl 
Lilt grenade Leaves the hand will depend mi the heighl 
of the obstacle or opening. 

(»} If the opening is close to the gruumt surface, the 
ilnuwH-'i will employ tile underhand motion described ii 
• above and figure 10® and ©- The grip for grrnadea 
other than frangible will be as described in paragraph f,c 

7. PRACTICE COURSE. I lu practice course include 
courts (par*. « to ii) for ihiwmg boih i raining hull? 
grenades and frangible grenade* ai varying disianccs aiK 
Irom all pusitions, 

a. Ftang ib le g reno des. Pt attic c ibrow tug of frangiblt 
grenades, once technique is develop I. will be tonduclec 
on the fox hole court with tin- addition of a Ii- by 6'iiuh 
taiget placed at null lo\ IujU-- Ihuse taiga* represenl 
i ; L vik- ■■! mil.- ulr<l«». i i-. I in order to score a hit lh< 
gitnade. must strikr the upper half <>f ilu- target, '1 hh 
icHiiittiim is necessary because, under field conditions, tin 
maximum effect, is secured from fi<inj;ibU- y.senade* wher 
the) are broken high enough on the vehicle to ignite ii 
and its contents. 

b. Trwition Training. Dm in- d.r e:rrlv u^m i. 
■ raining, technique, accuracy, and distance are slrcsset 

H 



tuihiiMi *rn*nl inpinK-uiiin- However, befure leaving the 
in 4i btif murae* tminiug should simulate the throwing *A 
i mi ibinl^'-i. Iik ihi* training and in live grenadi ihmw- 
1 1 1 ml fci*r. I lie thrower must be behind caver or M-tfttne 
ffwM fttniriwi fl/iirr ihc throw. At each court the 
MiMI+i throw from all positions When throwing 

|n mi i In HhiihIimlj; ami kcicdin^ jmhiiUins the thrower will 
, nun i in 1 1 i i ■ 1 1 1 | H14I1 ion. The weapon with which an 
., h..,. 1 1». 1 1 m :nmed will be *arricil habitually during 
HlflllfiiM! 1 1 aimng, 

■ MAIN COURT {fig. ii®). fl. The couit will hi- |-j 

l Mix wiili- and 35 janJ* long. 

Jb. 1 argefcs arc indicated by using strips ol canvas oi 
iHllii i 4 1< ■ 1 1 1 iilMhiLi 2 inches wick". pla* ecl l yard apem. 

Ih li i lias five sllth tlTgocv pJaced til ihe Inch^u'd 

tl^lNirim From ■ In- chmwing lifK- 

# H I Jus court will conveniently accoiniiimlatc 64 men 
IVhrie ik large class is Lo 1h_- iuhii nclcd, the CWirt should 
In- 4 k tended to approximatd-jr 6o yards Ln Length and 
in id i nuL of the court used as throwing line*- 

<f. The thrown plate* hiimclf in rear of the throwing 
hi in. He throws 31C i he lim target. utiiiL a direct In I 14 
milt It: i an or between the cwo tapes, at which lime he is 
risible to throw ai the next Larger Accuracy in ran^- i* 
ihr nh|ect desired. 

4. Accuracy in direction 1* the next objective- This is 
iiln-uned by throwing at l yard square* marked oil on 
i he tai^r* of i he main loiul The exercise Ls conduct ul 
in ihr same manner as Indicated in d above. 

9. CRATER COUttT {fifi. 1 1®)* <f + Flaw a srr ip of ranvas 
( II I i lonjj and 2 inches, wide on rhc: ground. At a dh- 
i!kv nt 5 T) yards m ihe fmnt, clip a circular pit 3 yards 
in diameter and not less than ifi Lnchcs deep. To increase 
rihe number of men who ran use ibis court at one lime, 

31 



£1 

o 



ff Main ctuivt. 



Hftxwe ti. Israel tec n>itrw. 



JU 



& 

£Syd3 +H3yd4 



<E CrdJvr court. 



ihn lliMiwiib^ mpi'b tan pldcxnL in a cm li irouml ihr 
i m i lvjiJi lIll: l enter of the crater as, the CGillcr ml i ■ m 
in b. mill hi nulius of a&;*i yai<k 

4. I he ih rower places himself behind I he 1 thiotfJittJ 
• i|» hiii- V grenade which lirsi >i l ikcfi the ground nUtllih 
mid ihe'ii H"Mcs into the pit it not touskleied a Jlil. 

11, FOX HO LI COURT (% a, A shell 

*i mm uh protection fur the thrower, Ai a distance ul I ft 
niiiU in ihc front, dig a shallow fo* hole for use u* •■ 
• \i single* of .is"-' Co (he iSftl" and left, ami ,n i 
lllllHiii E! of zo yards, di^ rv.-i additional fox holes*. 

4. " 1 1 ic man observe cautiously to locate the lairgf! 
4 hi UK's t III- Krenade* and takes cover. The coach annouru * * 
"I III" car "Miss. M A grenade that first strikes the ground 
«m ii I then goes into a [ok hole is not considered a hit dm 
HlH I hii practice. The object is to hit each of the thivi 
uipteii in lurn mtfe llhe least numher of grenade*. 

1 1. VERTICAL TARGET COURT (lip; i * > ) a. Thu 
lii.iJ target courT conskis of four targcis. 1 hete targets. 
Mm niliikir dilllCTIsiun ofesUi I unrip, ^ iinln-s h;. ■; Lin ln>. 
H-pieiem windows at various heights from the ground. 
I I. h i in ^et is constructed by two 4- by 4-fdot pieces used 
(iii uprights and two by /-foot Lrosapiece* fasiened in 
1 1 14- M|i3i[?lu4, From lefr to right, nnc target is level with 
niound, one 6 feet above ground, one 32 fee? above 
Hii mi id. and une 15 feet above ground, The hei^H froiTi 
I tic- ground is measured from the ground to the interior 

1 - 1 - 4 hi [he bottom cTosspietf of -tradi target. 

b. The thrower place* himself in rear of the ihrowing 
Lm He endeavors to throw through the frames. A £rr 

If u 1 1 id 1 Mi ikfA 1 he Frame and fails to enter the wimlnu 

li init considered a hit- The ohjen i" liii cai h '-t ih< 
I "in 1 iargets in turn with the Iw^i 11 umber of gren*<k*. 



II 



SECTION III 
COMBAT TRAINING 



II, USE OF HAND GRENADES IN COM BAT. The hand 

1 1. tile k used at short ranges against enemy personnel. 
Jul Ly weapon crews ot other small groups *o located 
«k |u Ik: protected (rota rifle Arc ami who are inside the 
in ungc at high-angle iiHc grenade lire. 

II. LIVE GRENADE THROWING PRACTICE, a. Hcloii 

hvr Kienailes are thrown in field exercises rath soldier 
illiquid throw at least one live grenade from posing 
1 1 ■ ■ i ] Ins itiai tmisist of a tfiiowitlg pit, sandbags. loft*. 
1 1. l-i i>v IvLon should be made for others lO observe tin 
Kiel Hides in Hi^lu and the burst, to obtain ap[netiatuni 
m| ■ hi- t-ilcctiven£» of I he grenade. A suRftehifid throwing 
4 mi r I lo accommodate a planum is shown in figure ty 1 
.in- 1 . largels at a distance of tj, 30, and 35 yard* may 
|.i m.n Led on Lhe ground by engineer's (ape, or shell 
i 1 hi cts may be dug. One order of five men throws while 
Mi. u riLaindcr of the platoon observes from behind tin 
hm tier at ready line- 
fa. t )n*? irtst ructoi tan m pervisc throwing from as mm 1 * 
hi five throwing positions. Men are sent forward 1 101 11 
Ihr u-ady line in group, one for each rhrowing posting 
An assistant instructor will he stm iomd iiiili rach thrum 
In m pervisc arwl ftvdsr Ifim. Sin mid a grenade, Willi safety 
|mii i »ulled P be dropped wilhin reach the assistant fautrm 
In 1 will pick it Up and throw it in tin- dined ion iiHi-iwM 
Only one thrower and the assisiant instructor will tn\\iy> 
•■ id rowing position at one time. 

n 



e. The barrio fcq i bb L il^hLx I in? slmukL be an lcas| 
| H free high and 20 inches thick, and so placed a* peiittil 
men on the ready line to observe with improvised! perij 
scopes (Fig. 13®). 



Flj^Nnr fj. /Jim- grrnmnJV prffrtirf CWiTAr. 



I.INt 



LINE OF T^if^swiR 



TMOC*l- 



1 

a 



ii t» Trt J 




® 



own 



3t 



H GRENADE ASSAULT COURSE, p, Pvrpot* M 

■■in ^iuise provides pi an tire in throw .^m in.^U , nn 
ill i iLindkiiom approximating comhat am J hai the JuIIohi 

inii -ih|i-Kiva: 

• 1 k J " illustrate appropriate targets, 
i ^ 1 1 " develop judgment in the use of protective rovn 
i r lo train tJit- M>[i!io io sden iJm |jin|>i t ii.pi- i*\ $\i 
lint I' io be used. 

44) I □ furnish a gauge of proficiency in grcnatic trtinif1| 

A. OctCf/ption, (i) Assault courttfl will be taut uui 

■■' 'fllii preferably sparely wooded terrain, and ml.i-, 

• in in Length from 150 to sno yaids. Al posts or ElatlOfli 
I'.lurr suitable terrain is limited and where a fiiml^i 
H'ii Kim] course has already been crpnsiructed, It Is pen 
mi-nil iJe 10 amplify the fomhai (taction course sufficient 1 , 
in Include the training provided for in paragraph* ij 
and 15- 

t*\ I f&u number and type of target* on the course Will 
iM determined h\ local conditions and iht iii^cnuitv oJ 
llir I mi Icier. Natural protect ion should be used where 

|NiiiiMe. 

frt Irk order Ghat the soldier may run the course in the 
iler; li will hi- milked with serial]} 11 hhiLum d 

Itita's, one at each BtiUfrn. The course will be constructed 

hi |h 1 1 Inj hjUIlci will he able CGpkt Up each target from 

■In h nation of ihe likn- numbered stake. 

Tarppeu and protective installaijons wOl be logically 
If [KHsihle. targets will be movable so that the 

iimite may be almrd frequently. 

(ft) A AuFfident number of grenade* will he placed at each 
11 m inn ^cakc- A suggested method i* to place unlades of 
lhi correct type for the targec in 1 v(n^enli box. The 
'l'" -: 1 lei Is llu- inMfcwmi his choice of die npe nf ftre- 
hide lo he used. An improper choice will l»c immediately 
i in retted, 

a* 



ISh RUNNING THE COURSE. ff+ Only one group 
soldiers will run the course at one time. The nest grou 
will not itain until the instructor of the preceding grou 
lias sigciattd that his group is in the clear. Small giou| 
of three or four men are moil desirable. While one ma 
iJiiuws, other member* til I hi; group observe and critlq 
the actions and behavior at each Station before ptHsnUq 
to tbe nexl station. Soldiers will tarry their indii vidua 
mnm while running the coursc. 

b. An instructor wilt run the course with caih ljnim 
lo correct error* and co observe the following; 
(i) Use of cover and protection . 
(s) Type of grenade selected for use. 
(5) Chotcc of ihrowiug position. 
(4) TTl! owing technique, 
(V 5 ) Accuracy. 

A< lie in ujM^i explosion of ihc ftifiutde. 

fe. Because of variations in loc al terrain and differences 
in the placement of targecs, im rime Jim it can be w_ 
Hnvrever, prompt action must be demanded. 

rf, The soldier must realize the necessity for proper 
pioiecnun when throwing grenades Thus, afier he has 
reached the station and located the largei he must pick 
out die best available cover from which to mate hi? throw 
and proceed to it without hesitation. Usually this re- 
Entires drawling and making* u*e oF cover en route. 

ft, An appropriate sequence for throwing gunatles un- 
der combat situations in an SollatoK 
(1 ) Secure cover, 
(s) Pull pin, 
{$) Throw ijrenade. 
{^) Drop back to cover. 

Upon the explosion, rloae in quicVly wilh the ha^nec 
U7 kill any remaining enemy. 

I. For variation,, the count* may include poEnra wTieie 
incendiary or nttotu grenade* may logical I v be used. 

4i 





tiiryrl 


L'll- 1 .1!' i- 






M j« In iw uiin cmpiijCfc- 
W 1 ■ ■ ■ 1 - iw _ 


25 

mi 

25 


Trainim linnd erf-TU^f 

i Trajng^f hyi>j gmuxlt- 

TnJniac InruJ r™!n..i.l* 




■Milling 1-aT^eti-f'rom: 

1 1 «~|r L. 




Jil*k ^WCfe-UP 

Mi+eiii- *miliK*aKnl_ 


M 
JO 


FrMO|pJ.ilF- 

Tcji:niiiH liaml j^rnnilp 




PwirK- Jununii. P i ml II id 
iHiik iiiiH'k-upi |ttiot-» 

IflEk 

Kiib hrtfc 


I 

jj 


Timrilrm Juiid y l-iihiK- 

ri.iiiKil-k 




15 





II NlLO TRAINING. 0i 1 In Hep in mining j s 

lllMMvlMpj Jr.. I Mgnaen cation jjieciado during smalJ unit 

HMlliii in l eases* 

fc, \ m^ish .l exercise is to have a i i lie Mjuad cIum- 

• i "-milling distanced a reprptcnied hostile machine gun 

• iMj^i rihkcjii under covga of (Lit irom the automatic rifte 

tin imn.L^ LuJL ammunition 00 the target fram an ap- 
|Ki p|'p I it 1 1 ■ vu i j J t i [ig local ity m 

f. \ viNlicjr is then designated lo ciafcl forward and 
n. Jive fragmentation grenade into the enipLate- 
Ul.in the ^nade explodes, the automatic riftc 
II rtm Hm's firing and the riflemen tmne in [|iuc kU m V. LIJ 

1 'limning many in du- niiplAccmcnE and any other 

iih in Hie immediate vicinity. The e^t- id.se may be 
1 1 | ii mi .I wiih a different soldier hcing designated to throw 
ill- |{lrM;hde, 

4p Ihnnmiea should be placed in the emplacement 
■ Mil mound the area as bayonet targets, 
^"ti Throwing live Fi Aftrnentai ion grenades is continued 
iiulni* combat training and will be used where they 
I Id he employed logically in combat. 



hi 
ii 



L The praciite grenade, tomaining a n-ilua-d dmge 
may be used to augment the supply of fiagmeuciitiui 
grenades. 

SECTION IV 

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS, POLICE OF 
RANGE, AND DESTRUCTION 

OF DUDS ' 

IT. GENERAL. Thr provision* of this section ]H_-rtam t< 
i hi owing or handling live hand grenade*- Other infonua- 
cion necessary fur saft-iy, administrative, and supply pan 
|h i*ij> In i c i in |ijg iiy and higher headquarters h found in the 
references listoJ in the append lk. 

19. TO THROW OR TO HANDLE LIVE HAND 
■GRE WADES OR PARIS THEREOF. Thr following safely^ 
precautions will be observed in addition to ihuse pve^ 
stiihfd in iucreeding paragraphs foi p;i 1 1 ii m'..l: i ;■ |. ■ ». ■ ■ 
grenades: 

«. No man will throw a ]Lve grenade until he has Ml- 
isfactorily demons! lined piolVhiKy in Lino win u; naming 
jr^-uades. 

b. Any alteration i if loaded ammunition, t'jwepi in ar- 
o&i dance with specific instructions from ihc dncf ot ttw 
supply service cont^rncd, is hazardous and is therclor-c 
prohibited. 

c. A Fuk containing a 'detonator stir mid Im- handlui 
wicht extreme care at all lime*. The detonator contains a 
diurge of mercury fulminate tompoahion and this ex- 
plosive is wry sensitive to hc-at. shock, or friction. l*y heat 



41 



m. jiin audi tmi8Liiii.il- ihi- dLrctl nl>* ol tin sun when 
< he temperature is TO" R « more. By fAoc* ■= tne» nt 
Jnick as i» produced by carrying, fu/c assemblies loose in 
1 1.. pKfccl where the detuiiamr* strike against each other, 
(hopping; [hem torn any height whatever, or striking ■" 
1 1. ik of hire awrmbliEB with a hammer in order to wpeti 
i lie hux. By /ritriott is meant any friction more than is nn! 
lining the ordinary handling af ihe fuze assembly at ihr 
. i .1 *way Emm dt'innator. Il b not necessary to touch ■ I ■ 
■ Icionalor of the fuze assembly. No attempt should l» 
made u> alter ol tamper tfich a detoi i a r i n« fu?e in ■ 
hHd. The drconator is powerful enough 10 blow finflri 

m,.n * hand or cause othei serious injury. If at any ■ 

it is necessai v 10 handle detoiiamrs alone, jriasp the open 
end and not' the closed end. if handled carefully, dcton.i 
iors are MM dttBQOam, 

d. If a grenade is drop]**! after the safer} pin h;i% 1<- - " 
ii -mewed or the striker ha* been allowed to function «■ 
* idefitally, the proper procedure is to pick up the j» fc t-i i l< 
mi mediately, throw it in the d Lied ion intended, and m-iL< 
marin shelter. If no shelter is near, drop Hal nn <hu 
■ urtind with i he helmet toward ihe grenade. A grenade 
n an be thrown farther than one can run in 3 or 4 stmunlv 
». Do not pull out the safety pin until ready to 1 hrow 
f. Do not release the safety lever before throwing, 
f. In case the. safely pin will not pull out, dn noi 
■iraighten it until just before throwing the grenani . Ii 
1 he majority of grenade* it will not be necessary u 
si 1 lighten the ends of the safety pins as a twisting ] ml Lint 
motion readily removes them. 

k. Do not rciov.r 01 kiiiijki Kilh alive grenade tha 
bib to fire (dudy They will be recovered and destroyer 
<mly as prescribed in paragraphs and *4- 
}. I Jo not tuXv a dial apart. 

I Do not take any grenade apart unless ordered t 

do SO, 



k. When thruhmg chemical gH-t M de 5 compiling nj*i< 
01 ii-riNim g.ivn-,. ull priTOimd within 200 v;*tds of poml 
ol hunt will wear gas masks. 

J. For instructions concerning handling, tare, and 
*torage of grenades see FM 5-15, 

m. In 1 h 1 1 wing grenade* id buildup area*, woock, or 
I > - 1 i.u- J<- . . ilK imtM Ik exercised to avoid hinin K iniirvfnii> K 
oomaUuh sudi ils walk, , ircH . aald rin ,. fc w .| |kJl , nj ^ |r ^ 

" w1 inur5e |J|< i?ivtia*le or r a uw it lo bounce hack 
on friendly troops. In such area*, ihe location of friendly 
1 1 oops musr be known to avoid enda luring them. 

19- TO THROW FRAGMENTATION GRENADES. 

W hen liv-t; fraginen latton giertadcsaie thrown, the follow- 
ing precautions will he taken: 

o- + Petsonnc-I within a »adius ol ijo yard* will wear 
■>u e I lidmct*. 

h. fanatics must be thrown to obtain ground hums. 

c. When grenades are thrown fiom a fox hole, weapon 
emplacement, or crater, or From hoh-irid a harrier rhe 
thrower must avoid diking hJl Jiand or the grenade 
against th< wall rt f 1 he intrenchment or crater, or against 
the barrier. He mult not expose an\ part ol his body ate 
■■ -lr;rfiri[* ihf tjnenade, 

4, When a man who is not protected by a terrain fea- 
ture, ifttrenrhment. craier, or barrier, ihrwvs a grenade 
he will drop immediately to a prone position, race down, 
with his helmet toward the grenade. Hi» arms and legi 
must be hai against the ground. Other individuals who 
Hire exposed will drop to a similar position. 

*. Sandbag walls ai least 20 inches thk\ or equivalent 
proHviimi may he provided for coaches officer* in charge 
of firing, assistant instructors,, or nonparricipants in ir> 
struct ion. 

f. Grenades must he ihrown m that ihey explode at 
least 40 yards from fit! individuals, who are not behind 

cover. 



AA 



1 n TO THROW t H EM ICAL GRENA DE S fc K ^ . « w J hi. 

I i 5*3* j" action is defined* Incendiary ivpe grenailrs 

|jnHil>l not be ijgniied within 5 feci of dry grots or 01 lie 1 

.Mil' ="l>le material, nor HJumld they be fired ckmr 

|h<"> ^cn feet frofn personnel Thrower, or friendly tBKJK 
n 1 i-, iliiuiK down wind unless protected by ga* 

II 10 THROW PRACTICE GRENADES, a. PtKfla 
K IE ,l ^dw art practically free from hazard when pnjji 

»ih ii-ccl but ihv) ifequitc the fame degree of care In 
MinlMi^ and operation as ihe standard live srenades, 

i, I hu practice grenade described in fnirajjraph 441 (s) 
inn hi - rhn>wn 41 siife di-ita nee by the average thrower, but 
im 1 m Mine] should lafce cover for the purposes of training. 
Mm urd iidmet should b* worn, Although iJn u- is piat- 
HmNv no danger involved, personnel should remain at a 
inl; ilisi.mce. 

f, I'lacticc ynriartes (hat fail Co funrfion {dl&ds) will 
IMH In- u rovered until ar least 10 mi mile* have elapsed. 
Mini dniuld be handled by experienced pfiMJinieh 

II. TO FUZE LIVE GRENADES, o. HE ^rencrrfes. 

1. 1. «. 1 I: v may he issued which arc filled wj[h TNT and 
Ku 'I- i« 'tilling lutes. Since [Jie damnation of such gre- 
|M<h h will set oil adjacent grenades, they will be shipped, 
I, and iuued with the grenade body lend Fuje assem- 
W M 1 ] hiii ate. The gienade bodies have shipping plMgs 
MHi wed into the fuzfi seats. These grenades aie fuzed as 

I*) ( Hear fLi?e cavity. 

f-i I -\ .111 line fuze cavity. If (he cavity is not dear or is 
Hm .id sulhrii-nr \i/c- m receive the iui.c wichimi friction. 
Urn* l wiKidea slkk about ^ inch in diameter to enlarge 

ihr ravlty. 

I j. I use s c I he Fuze into the grenade body, 



45 



(4} Hold the fuse in one hand and screw ihc gram 
body inia thr fate with ihc other hand. In chin opcralLi.il 
liic fine should be ihe iiannnarr part and the grznzt 
body i he moving part. A wreiuli is parked m each b^H, ( 
detonating fuzes and iflii should b* used lO «ai the tu; 

rii ml;, ii. I In l;| rnaiic 

b+ Special precou+Wt. Unfilled grenades "will na 
be hi/ed in ammunition dmiijis rji storage magazine*. < 
iviiliin. 100 yai Us of -nljiiE nu buildings cn in greater qua. 
lii i us ill in arc needed for immediate use. Detonatim 
fuzes and grenade* containing phosphorus will be *tOR 
2nd transported separately (rom other explosives 

H. FOLIC! OF RANGE, ft. &eneru» H Alier tln-m-ir. 
live grenades m*\ before fief acrtU to the range 13 atlowo 
Eh i pi I v hi iid. the range will he policed thoroughly and i 
duds wil be destroyed by competent personnel as pti 
scribed in paragraph 14- 

b . Perm n t*J employ**". The police of the range 
be under the direct supervision of a. «Mnmissiuned q 
ficcr who i> Thoroughly familiar with the prescribe 
methods of destroying grenade*. The personnel engage 
in tlm ivi>jk n|nmii.I be i>iven instructkm as ro the e*» 
procedure lo be followed and made ihonnughly familii 
with, the danger of handling or disturbing the duds. 

t of range offer policing h cempleta 

After i he destruction of iluds his been completed the o 
licex in charge of ihe wort will personally superintend 
thorough police of the area in order to insure that n 
duds have been overlooked. ThU is essential both for tfc 
protection of troop* using the ranse at a future time an 
to eliminate accidents to persons who might carry awj 
duds as souvenirs. 

d. Finding of dvdt< All personnel ljoih military an 
civilian, who may find a dutl should be. warned oF tl 
dangers involved in handling them. They should be <l 

It 



■ l-lL 10 reprjii immediately the location of the duel t« 
ii , | k 1 1 1 sil hL-c military authority, 

H METHOD OF DESTROYING GRENADE DUDS. 0. 
UxnoJff Jon wltfr TNT bJoeki* (1) Individual fragment*- 
<i -11 grenades can usually he destroyed in place wiih a \&- 

1 rid block of TNT or a slick of dynamite placed in 

1 nil maie contact with the dud and coveted with a few 
ii'i^eLluU of rank The firing may be accomplished by 
MN-ina of a lime fuxe and a blasting tap or by a magneto 
1. nli mi Li able electric blasting cap. In the even! (Lme fuze 
m used, appro* imaiely 1 fool ■>! 1 In- love will be burned 
I • 1 i ■ nr to use to insure lhar the pruper ty|ie i% ar hand- 

I A] I fragmentation hand grenades arc of the time fux* 
upe, that is, they are designed to explode on the burning 

n-li ■ (J .1 :iim invi'. I In- :\|x :il ^ic-nadi- dml 

:i safeh be 1 lit Ik i l] up and destroyed at some ceniial 
l>i»li)[, except that before 4 fragmentation band grenade 
i-. picked 14 f j, I he striker should be looked at lo mate ccr- 

..iii ihat ft is all I he way down ugjuiw ihe primer. If the 
hi iker ii noi all the way down against ihe pi inner, bul has 
1.. 1 a red only part of the way, ii is, tailed a "hung stiiker." 

-..ha grenade dud stinuld not he picked up but should 
• ilestroyed where It lies, using extreme care in placing 
die demolition charge to prevent jailing the givriadr. 
( ln-mical-hllcd and practice grenade duds wirh hung 

II iker* can be picked up with safety Iwcause they can he 
1 brawn out of danger range in case the striker happun^ 
h. function. 

1 1) When ii is considered safe to move ihrm. nut to en. 
. ! (I s^o or jo grenades are stacked in a small hole dug in 
ihe ground about feet or mure in depth, cart being 
1. 1 ken that the bodies of the gic-uade*. are in clow on it act. 
h.r example. an fcrenadefl mav 1*? arranged by placing 
lour dde by side and four more base to base with thow tot 
l he bottom layer and putting four similar layers directly 



on cop ul thifi. A numtai ul -u ]Ki L mt| 1M block* are 
(hull placed on top u( the grenades. The number ol TNT 
IjJiuls Iju will depead on the number of grenades 
Ip bo d«Lroyed at one time. On-e block is sufficient foe si* 
grenades, pilocl in thiee layers of two grenade* each. Al 
k aM iw^ blocks should be used oil twelve grenades piled 
in three laym of four grenades each. Five or ik blnik^ 
should be 14msm.I to explode 30 or 40 grenades. 

(4) Where as many AS five or six TNT blocks are used, 
it is preferable to arrange these by jil.d-. in^ Fnur of LIktii 
side by side on top of the grenade* in dose contact and 
placing the remainder on top of this layer. 

(g) The desired length of time hm- is cut {time fu/e 
should be tested to determine race of burning). One end 
of the fuze ii plated carefully Ln the <i|H?n end oF a No. 8 
detonator until it ju%c ci Miches I he Fulminate of inercun 
charge. Crimp ihe 0|jen end of the dcmnimr ijghrly io 
the fuze by means of a fuze crimper, care bein^ taken not 
to press the fuze righrly ftpllIJt the fulminate of mercury 
charge. {A cap should never be- crimped in 1 piece of 
fuze with the lecih, as ihis i\ extremely dangerous.) The 
detOOAtor ii insetted into one of the topmost block* of 
TNT. 

(5) The grenade* and TNT blocks are then cawprrd bv 
a mound of earth at least a foot dorp a ltd tarn pud lij;hL]y 
in order to obtain the maximum efficiency from the 
TNT. 

{7) With the grades umk-rneath the TNT charge, 
I here is less scattering of fragment id m y ^lenades 
which happen to escape destruction will h* lefr in ihe 
crtter. These can then be desirmed h) a sunnnl shot. 
(8) The ammiiu of earth covering used tn rhr method 
described is entirely insuffideni 10 |nevt-ut fia^mcnls of 
ihe grenadrs ham Ik * brawn to a considerable dk- 
latltLC. It is not unusual for these grenade fk^iiic-nrs in be 
thrown as far as 500 yards. All roads and other approaches 



4B 



■ •> ihc iangc should be proper]) g.iiin i lied ot red Hags and 

ii i ling rii it ices posted- A safe bombproof shelter, buill of 
or other mJtiMe material, mu*L he erected on the 

>n. -i w ihac the personnel carrying out Lhe work cm 
Mkr U idler when ihe blasi* are lirod. No blast will be fired 
iiniiL ever} 1 precaution lj; taken lo insure thai no one is 
iviihirt tanfte of fiagnient? or I* likely w> rome within rar^e 
in hire the charge explodes. Thi& method Ls suitable for 

■ h -1 loyiii^ lii^l^fjt plosive [grenades only. 

b. Detfroyiog by means o# flf»- Grenades are de- 
lilted by means ut fn* either one *t a rime or in bulk, 

1I1 1 tending upon their explosive dmra-iLcrisliCi. 
11) INDIVIDUAL DESTRUCTION {a) Individual 

. 1 -.[ruction by fire is applicable "II 1 1 ;i^inen radon grc- 

• !> -. hul pifclELi Ljl.il L\ I ..1 \hi- jKL^llKMLIStHHI ha ml n :il U 

II with MioAsror M1GA3 igniting due. Being loaded 
1 1I1 Ft! blank Ine powder and bearing ilie MloAl or 
M 10.V5 igniting Utit*, thfiK gnawfes arc not susceptibk 
1 ir mass detonation, This same rtlfHn wl <\i cUsrrufiinin ih 
niiecially sLnud>k- for destroying practice or other types 
n( ^it-iiadn whidi contain no explosive e*cepi the dctona- 
. ;md wl i i< 1 1 1 In re- fore are not readily disposed oF by u» 
i.l FNT blocks. 

.'.i A pir is. dug in the ground about 2 feet squat e ■ ■ y 
i leet deep, and a louiely lining fover nf Iron plate oc 

■ 1 .ivy litiards provided* A fire of wood or tote is buill iJi 
ihr bulEorn of lhe pil P arid when a tnhttantiai bed of hoi 
, mjIs ha* been produced, one nf Hie ^n/n-niEi-s m Iht- dr- 
ummed is- dn>p]*cd in, che cover is quickly dmpped in 
j.libid- and eke operator tukei shelter frFTfi/ lA* gmaad^ hns 
# Ht\tt}drd. Grenades should be pin in the fire one it 1 

I .inn-, ni 1 ihai there will be abwilmuly no douhi m to 
tohellKT rjnii^i iIk-i r i> -in unexpired grenade in tlie pi< 

II -In i* unusual delay ill exploding. noancmpt should 
I'M 1 made uc ihac lime to invest Lpate. The time to invcitl- 
pic is after the fin.' hfis 'imimiE mui and the pit h cold. 



Tins jhi um.hLui L' mm be modalied b"} providing an inclined 
chute* such Hi a piece of pipe, plated su that one end it 
over the center uf the pit and the other behind a su habit: 

1 1. 1 1 1 1 ii . I'l l'C Jill I uti - 1 1 • - ■ j 1 1 L :i. ii In 1 1 j lll>. 1 1 u> ujhh 

end of i he chute ao thai the operator cannot look down 
l he chute.- The grtninles should hi- hit into the like 
through the chute, are toeing taken Lo avoid an aLcmnu- 
laiion of uuexploded grenades or components in die piu 

l» BULK DES I RrC ] ION (*) Certain types of gTc- 
nadc-K wiUl <leiutiatLug fu/es and a filler of high explosive, 
if destruction by fire is IWComy, are be«l destroyed ill bulk 
Jots nil I mm io gmiitdes* However, they may be 
destroyed one at a lime as prescribed in (ij tbOTC il m> 
desired. I Ii^hc" grenade.*, heii^ 1u;m!.'.1 Txii h [\ i ;md con- 
taining die fu I minute of mercury detonator, are subject 10 
mass detonation if nne of ihr dbfOtHttUKl exptcxkm. 

I (h) A pi i .similar in iL^ir 11VLM.L for destroying frajjmen- 
l at inn Rrenadcs by detonation is fitmUHI J t and a heavy 
mecaJ eover should he provided in slop fkinE fi Clients 
and irnenptrxled grenade^ A layer of inflammable mate- 
rial, such as wood or coke, should he |>larpd under 1 1 ■ ■ 
pileof jpvnafLcs and a* ukiii n\ 1 1 1 firu is sliuted, die cover 
dimiM be placed over the pit and the personnel should 
take cover. 

c Destruction of irrrfonf or otter fypei of eheftt- 
ienf grenadei. t he dchirncrion of irriranr or oiher i\pes 
ill * heniical grenadt-s which fail to fund ion should he ar- 
iniupliiihed under the supervision of ihe unit chemical 
oilhcr, 

SECTION V 
ADVICE TO INSTRUCTORS 

25. GENERAL. 0. Hand grenade training mmr not be 
Hfttricted co hard and tost mk-s. Instructors must be con- 
s'' 



„H 1 1 ■ Ly on the alen Inr ikiv mm.mm..iLs oi lnijmh 
, i!i<Jllp and notlmig canUineti in lilh manual is lu be 
uued as linni-iiE in any way I he initiative and orig- 
in! Lily uf instructors^ 

I. Training hi i liauwing grenades should be gradual, 
nr., MjIriLcr throw* 51 Iftirgc number u£ grenades ai die 
In |- a inning of L raining, not only is he throw Lug more than 
■ normally would in tniiilwt, but his arm will become 
linn', hindering his further training. 

it SCOPE OF TRAINING, o. g i M rif. The schedule 
,1 1 1 1 tii -union, and scope of training will depend upon 
iltr length of time available ami ihc combat duties oi the 
|MT«"ineJ to be trained. Practice in throwing in impn> 
HM'd [ownl and in wood* should be included. The H>pv 
tin mid include such instruction as will form the bulk 

P« •■ ihe effective use Of (he grenade irl 1 In - combat HI iR 

,1 Mi, smaller rillc units. Ti> lac iliiarc t tit- i ■ i rtovery when 
ilu.iwing in woods, practice grenades may be dippnl "■ 
white or colored paint. 

b, Individual Jaafrvcffon. (i) JtfOI'E. The scope "I 
Individual instruction iliunld nwlntle 

11 Characteristics, mechanism, ami care and u*r ol 
w ivice type grenades, 

{}>} Technique o£ throwing, including the throwing 
■il 1 raining and live hand grenades. 

Precautions pertaining in duds, 
(rf) Combai training. 

|ii GRENADE THROWING. Grenade throwing I* the 
HtiPii important phase of individual w< nade iriiiiiniK ami 
■ mis, high standard oF accuracy sin mid 1«- required. Uw 
' besides the advantage Lt gm's in torn bat it dim in kin-', tin- 
I Mi, * at accidents ami ihc consumption of grenade*. 



51 



e. Allotment of timm, Tbfl following Emporrtfotiii-ir iit 
i if lime allotted to this training h snj^tfwi: 



V>iy 


Timr 1 


Insirurliini 


Ei| u 1 1 :•— j-r 1 1 L 

.m. 


lit 


lift 


toafcrencta-nfi rlra-nntfrMirKi 
|SW. I xnil imri. 5» mwl D). 


hcini|ili' Hrrnnilr nl WCh B-TP* 1 

J anted ia lldLll lamrk t?r 
Ic-Hltn flrenudei . if ivHibibli-, 

1 1 -r.. i hllnri , irikiuW il ; 

tk* nr^rudrt. L™l. :iih m 




15% 


K inilir-.iiii- dim. p! i.i li 41 

udd fd^JLliMl w«.ck; throwlna 
c#tTinlaue-|i.Up<i#ic!™np Iwn-i- 


TralHiTlE Blind ETCm!™! ■ ™- 
1 rfvvl , ii|h ii Ih-LJ. 


Jd 

And 

*rh 




ConieTtncc . denn-TipLntiiin, 
and prartral wxn L. Etrvkw 
4iT t hiximJifi L<tCliBjqU£ I.Duf«. 

5 and 41 j pwtire wurK 
(per*- T in J J,i ni kj. 


Tr:iiziiiin IibiiiI kutIi i«l£* : m_ 
liniYncd Iridfcfihl* i^ruidn, 


Ml. 
md 
t-.r* 




tr«*r*, dt-m^nitTui inn , 

ind prgrlinil wnrL. rimilut 
1 rniaiiiK ; E EI lEVJ K« RLlKli 

of Kt ] V n applicable. 


Tixaninx hand Kir-ru"!* - ' ; Uw 

ll^fflStnLaLlun d.nH iSLMKiUr 

rii « i-nHt-? : ^-iHinnd hLoclu *r 

TNT B fcimr luir», dH™*' in* 
Liijj* C1"«" fcpuuech™ utf-iludi.l 
L*VfJ I?PCn:iHw pmrflM COW 



Note. TajjiiLfiK ^iLh irtmdrt can nac^ prrfreu™. utJy "»Hh dv-ijf 

fWCfclm It U JUflfftHfd that trflifliffcl b^n4 ||r*iuiilri Ih- dLldc amMhb in- 
liLtn tur uf£ duly priClice-. A Tnifci^tunr RrniHilr cnuur *lfflLlir It 1 JCHiir 

(«rK cu be awitfmrt*d m ihe *™ ™.t ibc baemki, otfennE wUietb *□ 

iippj-.rlionilj cr. rca=.-|ir»T with iimr niulhri. 



27. CONDUCT OF TRAINING. Assistant r M tfvc- 

fOfSr (I; \ Mir.nl > i ii:,i-i i : i i i ■ i i i — - i ■ .- c ■ ^ I >:iJ]Ii < H s]'K»Ll]d 

be tnmitnl in ;ilI', ;imh ttir uic as avtibcunt LiistruLl^rs dur- 
ing the training -i nF the mnaimlei "f the grgaTiinition. 
(i) All AMiscanc Lnnli uetor should be in charge of eac h 
ihiiPWLiiK Hlatitrti uf live liiegrenajcli.- practice mune under 
l he supi'i r-.isui uf the officer in chaise of ihc instruction 
{par. ig). 

■ 

fr + Method of iFTifrue+Jon- (i> t U t tt W Ctl w should be 
Iknih theoretical ami praitkal a»fi ilie^ iw« |>ha«?* 

52 



1 1 ii lil Lmt tamed on sLiiiulLaneouAh. die one serving as ll 

. Ih-I h?r the- fatigue induced h) (lie- oilier. 

iii Instruction [>eriods should Ik. 1 short ami full ol in- 

IffHt* 

i o Instruction should be imparted by means of explaiia- 
demonstration, and imiiarmn. Thr instructor cx- 

I In ■■' '■ ! ■ i ■ i-l: ii r " ■■. - - iv i i i ! ( :.i i si ■, in K with hi- 

i fc p ■ l-i i in L iort r assistant inHinu ecu s denn .mHiyaie [tic- n>pcra- 

• - luMmviiij* I Fa is, L'ilc It smderil |H'ffiinih I he upuiMlimi 
lil'. supervised by the assistant instructors. The coach- 

ilid |.-lL]iU mrcllixL ti'LII In- u-.r. I ■ In i i ml; Mm. 1 ^N'liaViifciaiA 

iiii^; urtly instructors ami assistant instructors super- 

• h« I isv grenade throwing practice and i mining rhe gre- 
1144 k assault count. 

(4 1 ' I T4LI ninjj must be carried out under rhe strictest dis- 
ii|h|Mir, as a carelea man wiili a Mm- sjujiisuIe is a danger 
•« Imihelf find to his comrades. 

,i I In i jiving practice, after the initial VL*^ tif insinu- 

In :nld hr (niidcK'ted under ^urvice conditions, the 

jRpn lielng equipped with the ri.lle r haponei fixed, and 
jjimk k«ws che roll. 

1 1 c - nam theoretical Instruction may hem he imparted 
iii is- n cnnFercnces given to the assembled <n^ru/;Minri 
i\ Ii n i • pn^ible. thuw: conferences should be illustrated 
lit i i.i in Jug Films and film scrip, charts, wot ling m^del*, 
*n«l vi HiotfUtlirtd OT ineit parts of the grenades or acces- 

ii 1 1 hi t bring discussed. 



II EQUIPMENT, o. A special effort should be made to 
Iimm iiii hand from the outset all grenade* and other 

i 1 1 ■ - 1 1 iPlfctnt thai '.i I In- i mm !■:■:! dm mil? y rnnjisf f hF trSlTt- 

1 lijnTifrit should be carefully made and In excel lent 
tmuhlion. Throwing courts, trenches. piriplaaniKlltSt ett. P 
ihnuld be made according co require! spctitk^Eion; if 
thh ii[tilpment Is otd or has been in disuse, it should 



si 



l*e repaired prior te the time it will Ik mvd«-«L tor uaiimit 

[Ml L JKJ5C5. 

b. To imure the availability <it (he material at the place | 
and lime and in i lit - imaniLiit-s required, ii" ai'atralf 1 1*1 
<>f all 1 he material mnltd for each, individual period ^Fj 
training should, he prepared. G«ful advance planning: 
along ctm line will hfijjhten the standard of 1 raining, 
avoid delays, between phase*, and asaiii in obtaining the 
maximum auiuuni *d [raining m lIil- jw.ri<id alluinjd. 



54 



CHAPTER 2 
RIFLE GRENADES 



SECTION I 
GRENADES, ACCESSORIES, 
SEQUENCE OF OPERATIONS, 
AND MECHANICAL TRAINING 

If GRENADES, VVLtk tbiu iiiil >l .< launcher, rifle giv 
HHtli hta) be filed brum \'. S. rifk-s iaLibt* .30, Mi, 
■I,.., ^itjiigAi. M u|o;4.Vi, niml Mi^i?" ami f«"cii rln- 
1 . ..liIuhc, caliber 30, Mi. M1A1. i»ul Mi.Aj. 

■r. Typsl. RitLc i^n tkhIia iitf cEiviiLt-tL inh ■ I jimial 

jif I'laaice (EraLiui^j Kiciimlo nnnaiiiing mn^pluMvn 

n,-; f'rKCice amitank lille gtenacJt MiiAk 
r^) Practice ami il a nk l irle grenade \f uAsf. 

(ti 1 1 ijr.li -ex plosive or [la^n Mentation grenade containing 

mi 1 ^Lniive charge, an follows: 

. \niicanL. rifle ^cnath' M<iAl. 

rl#) Impact frapncnt;i"ii-:i lille grenade M17 [tot- 

h the T*}. 

u 1 FTagnienianon hunt! flicrsatlc ,Mk. II {used wilh 

i| M 0- 



i"y3ot(M hJfcat signal* (hqufe|>|.]^d wiLh iJ JE Fi r« nLb-semhlj 
to permit litem to hi- litre] [hum ihe launchers, an fnllovrs; 
* (a) C round signal, white mar- parachute Mi;Ai; dua- 
Icr. MlHAi. 

(10 Gmtifid signal, green star; parachute M19A1: 

duster, MsfoAj. 

(c) Gruund signal, amber Mar; parachute, MnAr, 
cluster M*»Ai. 

{d} Ground serial, red star: parachute. MjiAa; clus- 
ter, M54A1, 

H" 1 '' i- ■' l^i irKHlcl r^r ....h , U hi:i! luted ..U>iv (« 
ui-jf-l' Mi-AiK^j, fa Inch hua j iek-I Wnl iinct-jd rrf an .ilunnhitira 

<4> Smoke rifle j^nade (WP) Tjh 

b. Nomenrlotor*. For BommchtUdc of antitank rifle 
^ri- 11^^ we Figure L4- 




t Ctar«*erhfjcf* (■) PRACTICE ANTITANK 
RIFLE GR.ENADF' M11A1. The c^hi^i of this grvnnck- 
is similar 10 thai erf the ami rank rifle grenade MgAi. 
WhfiH damaged hy repeated use the fin assembly or henri 
may be replaced. 

(a) PRACTICE ANTITAN1 J^TFLE GREfVAl *l 
M11A1. This inert grenade also is similar in *hape artd 



MH|illt Hi i In; MyAi jJiuaiack. It Vh deigned to [Hinnii « 
| ilrii i iuciil of any part damaged by repeated use, and 

con»ut* nt four pang- a case body, % hum: fcpgive). 

m rlidpili/td tube; and a An. The service life n£ ihc MM 
lir increased by Light main Et name worl t'orfeiuingaf 
\i -iutiing crimps witEi :i smuH i jvciing hummer or pftif of 
I h> ih :ind removal of (fefUi hy means ul a liaidwwid die 
mill punch marie *o the exterior dud imeriur dimensions, 
i ^pi c lively, of ihc nose {fig. i^j. 




■ f'lutSt nhiJ d'i> ujwJ frcr JcrFdjg^jJ^rjjpjg chruted note {ogive t - 

d — iWfj A — J'lJFJrJl, rtNrJ {, — fJi'PUfii MlMf. 




Method of employing hirrriwood punch fltld 4&V jJiTUg^rainfl 

niAW « o^ive i. 



( S ) ANTITANK R111.L C-KKWtlt: McjAi (Fig. .( 
L he gr-en;nli' MijAi ha* a sheet rndal body anil nut 
(iigivq) ami weighs i -t i jKiimch. Tc has an Impact tyj 
fun? ami mm detonate ujmifi iiirpuct with soli earth. Hn 1 
ever p for certainty of detonation it ^KnuLtl ici ik< i III- l ;li 
head-on oe nearly jo. 




fj^Hir rtf. ^iLftftniA: rifle- ^Trnad^ Mfgwtl*. 

(4) IMPACI I FRAGMENTATION RIFLE GR.ENAE 
Ml 7 {FORMERLY THE Ta} if). Till* gveriat! 
similar in appearance lo ihe MIc. II hand grenade, ha* 
■serrated cast inm btuh. m i\hiiJi u lillol :i lm asucml] 

5! 




imposed of a stabilize iiioeand nn. Us maximum range 
.i j i proximately yards. All impact type fuie i*. located 
i he Imuran! cud uf die siabLliieT wbc and explode* the: 
. icnadc upon impact with ground of aveiage nardness 01 
my ocher solid object- Detonation will not occur upon 
impact with water, mud 01 hA sand. The tuic is held in 
■I- unarmed position hy a safety pin which fits in a hole 
hmugh the fyzc body 'and clamps, about the ftabilfer 
m be, 



It 1 




F^uft 17, Impact JfjtgiHfnUitmn liftf §r*nadr J\iij 



i S ) FRAGMENTATION HAND GRENADE MK, 11 
WITH ADAPTER. This hand grenade (fig. 1) fired from 
1 lie rifle with the aid of an adapter (fig. *3®) can he pre- 
lected to range* a* great as J 75 yards. The furf Let i^mes 
»imed after the grenade and adapter leave the laundivi 



When equipped with die MiuAj hue. iJm B rvnaifr c* 
plodes at die expiration ol horn 4.3 in r) .- sntrnds yitci 
the fiue becomes armed; with the MiuAj luio r ihe deta} 
is ft fun 4.0 to 4.8 seconds. 

(6) PRACTIC1 HAND CItENADE MK. II. For train 
ing purposes. 1 his gmiaclt- iimi be used with the Ml 
;ulypu-i. Ibis IiiuhI i;i-tiide ton tain* a I educed chafft 
(sec par, 441 

(7) SMOKE RIFLE GRENADE (WP) T S . The T 5 rifle 
grenade, similar in appearance to the M9A1 ami rank idle 
£i ena.de, cxcepi fen a rib around the body, in a bursting 
type smoke Ljumdi- 1 (miauling white phosphorous, Upon 
impact, the grenade head bur«,<s, si.uk rir^ I lie phosphor- 
ous, which ignites spontaneously ami buirn. giving off 
a flense white smoke, 

4+ Idttttit'izaiion end markings. n'\ h.n 1 ii e antitank 
rifle grenades (Mi iA t and M11A4) are painted bla«k 
with white idrniificaiion markings, 
(2) Antitank rifle grenade MjjAi is painted a lusteitess 
nlive drab. 

<3J Inipad fiaBraentatinn rifle grenades M17 (foi niei h 
rhe Ta) arc painted hlsterless olive drab. 

(4) Smoke n fie grenades (WP) T5 are painted blue giey 
with a yellow hand asourtd tiic middle, 

30, ACCESSORIES, a. CarirMqet (fig. 18). (t) Special 
cartridges listed below are used for discharging all rifle 
grenades, both Ut r antitank and anii|M-tsmiiK'| use. jVcj- 
tfirr ordinary blank ammunition nor itrvice ammunition 
will be usf d- 

(et) Rifle grenade rnrititig/*, mhber >ja„ Afj. This car- 
tridge is used in U.S. rifles Mi, Migag, M 1903.^1, Mi^ 
A^. and Mi<)] 7. 

(A) Carl/inr nrrJittde cartridge, rtiitbrt .jo, MA, This 
cartridge is used in the UJS. carbine Ml, MiAi, and 
.\f 1 A 3 , 

to 



i. ) AitxilUvry grttiwife cartridge Mj. This tarllidfle, dc- 
MftlKd io give additional ]iiuj;t when iiw:d m filing gltf- 

li . hom rifle* and farbines, is a caliber rase cL-an/tf 
]nmc loaded with i*> grain* of powder and srmImL with □ 
I iii I ii i nd, 1 1 is placed in the end of a launcher, a rim on 
4 In base of the case holding ihL- cartridge in place- H June- 

s only in combination with the standard or MS 

Hirriadc cartncLBt and Gftl the Mi, M» F M7, an4 

1 Ik-is- When using llii* caitiidp ihc rifle or carbine 

iull not be fiitd from the shoulder. - "-""lil 

1 j 1 Ordinary Lcuipei autre* cln not aEcet these carnitine*, 
liiir in extremes of odd or heat,, shuns and overs remit. It 
1 imxmmj^p therefore. 10 aim a little fri^h in v*ry 

.ill h 1 and a 111 lie: km- in wry W weather in com paiisffl 
nich the normal sij»hi picture. 



41 



& + Lauftchfrrtt 1 1 j The launcher, on which the grenade 
ii placed fnht liring, is an cstmision to the bawd <\\ like' 
rifle 01 turbine. A speti&l ttevite, integral with tlic launch- 
er, aiiachrs ii securely io the muzzle ul ihe weapnn. II 
necx-wity (IciiihikIs, haH cai nidges may be fimL h even 
though ihe launcher is attached;, huvevei; the ha v met 
cannot be fixed. JS^rtre /mng fr^' wirtridfMp make certain 
ihat na gwntidt is r>pr tht inwTMhtir, 

{a) Tlit ilnssiTw ation of grenade launchers ami l he 
weapons with winch they aiti U-«d r are as (olhiws: 
(n) f Minfflft Mi... U. S. rifles, caliber ,jo P 

M icjo^Ai, ami M mjusAsj.. 
ft) Launcher Mf. . . .IF. rifle, caliber rgfi. M 1-9 J 7- 
(c) Launcher M7. . . ,U. 5- riJJr, rati her .£0, Ml. 
(cf) Launcher M8....LL caibim:. nalibij .^1. Mi. 
MiAl, and XI 1 A). 

(3) The /em or 1 hp rifle or carbine for firing ball ammu- 
nition with the launcher awached wLll differ iuw) ii* nor- 
ni4 L leiifr This diKiurliun is caused hy "harrel whip " whii Ii 
ii occasioned bv the added weight oF I he launrhpr nn the 
mur/Ie- Individuals nIihuIiI. ihrrcforc. zero iheii wea|wms 
hy firing h;dl ammunition both With and without ihe 

hi I E I M I'M "I" 31 134 in.ll 

(4) LAUNCHER Mi (fig.- ifl) This Launcher is filled 
wiih a hinged clamp and wlnjj nut. The clamp Jnlds over 
the lop r»f the barrel and his %nugly against the re»i <ri 

' the front iigbt haw. J he wing nut ia Tun clown tightly 
on the cl^mp to kd'p 1 In- ImluhJun in pi a re- Chnla the 
wins Tlui frcq^encly during Rlin^ m UuU it h u^hc. 
(See par. 31-} 




41 



, LAUNl HLK Mj. Tbil is I he Ml launcher arlapied 
i i use wilh the Mi (j 17 ltllc. When this launcher is pat 

HiiiiI.lIiN'. ihc .Mi laiuH In n Ijc used in its Nod 

M«) LAUNCH £R M7 {Ug. 90). {«) Description. This 
l.miH her H teemed un the M 1 rifle by a latch which clampt 

Figure an. XjiFtwArt' /Or 17. S. rj/fe, calihsi Xfi, 



S f 4nrr,pr'jri- \tj. 




rJflEn*AE 



it 



in back Of the bayonet lug. A valve screw, lam d v.ih die 
launcher, hs suln.ii icLiiLL I Ji»i ih< cylinder hxk strew,/ 
-mil imi tin- Isiiliic litr protrudes i ntu the valve screw wlicU 
Bhe launcher is attached, opening the valve and piovLdinj 
for enough ga* release to aviiiil dimi^e Eu recoiling pans, 
The valve remains open ai long as the launcher is at- 
tached to cJic- rifle. J he launcher has *iK graduations lur 
diflffciu lan^e* {lor use in high angle fire). A gn-nsitle 
retainer spring, slightly larger in diameter than the 
launcher, holds ihr grenade ar |be po-btiion of die lan in Im i 
fur Lhe selected range. 

[h) Attaching launrlier to i riNe. 

i. Remove the rtip *tW arttmimfti&fi from the rifles 

and fiear the fh&mhfj. 
2r Replace- gas cylindet luck kr-w wiih Mk -^kr 

screw* 

j. Slip launtherover muzzle of Hfte m ihac icud in 

launcher enter* hole in the valve screw, 
.j. Push launc hfi down iitnil ii bill the hayonct tug 
on the under side of the cylinder; j m Lsh 
the latch toward the receiver and up until it 
snap* into pnyiicni, 
(r) Spfriaf rquipmrut. Ml lilies which arc to be used 
fnn Jiiinjr jJirnadcs shuuld he rr|Lijp]wd wiih r h ■ ■ ul'W type 
spring, operating n*d P 3 1 47568. This spring has a. free 
h- ilk* ill i:-t Lis 1 1 -[ in 1 1 its, ;md one end has a restricted diam- 
eter. If tlm spring i* m^t uv.il, ih<: follnwei sad ivill hr- 
inline disengaged, causing stoppages when scivice amrrui-J 
nit ion i? fired. 

(d) Firiug wn*r* ammunition with Immrhrr attarhtd. 
I he lUIr- run hr usi il cmh am sin^U-sdn*. weapun Iwaihp 
ihr fjjicn valve prevents the full recoil of lhe ■ ijv i :M inj* 
*rod asvmlilv. Ti is \h< rHai r npresAary to retract t lie oper- 
ating rod manually after each round. 

t-r. The rifle acts at a sin^lu-tlLol weapon foi Llii H ■ - ■ 



U 



■ "iitL round afier removal. Jf the lille does not Junction 
ni idiomatically alcer ihp firs[ two rounds h*ve been 
in 1 1 1, die valve screw should be removed and cleaned. 

\J) Citaning. The launcher may be cleaned with rifle 
■ ih aiit i. Afic r deanhiiifl, r I ■ ■ ■ Miifattsi arc oiled with 
lii;Jn preservative lubrkaiin^ uil. The lalve sciew should 
In- cleaned frequently by removing (he hhIjoii with a 
m nail brush ur with a rag mcii.sn-nutl with rifle bore elean- 
< 1. The valve will mrt l»e disasscmbtccl. Ic may be opened 
■ ■ dosed tor cleaning. To open Un- s;ilve F iiiserc chc screw 
iliivet end of the fombinaiUHi tool in the opmniiiL; in i In 
^ live screw md bedd the body of the valve while pushing 

• ii i he jckw di brtsta 

if*) lirpintrments. To replace die Rjcnadc rriaiini 
in& unscrew i he retaining nut at uhc end of ihe kuneh- 

1 1. Care ahoLiliI lw exercised so as BUI lo bur the spring 

riii huii h Ikt In I'ly. 

(7> LAUNCHER Mfl (Jig. an). f fl ) ] J,;li pii nf the 

l inncher MS e&iendinf* l>c-i I 1 1 ■ ■ -mi/zk- of die carbine 

-imihu- to Lhc My. 1 1 ha* six jap-aduations Igor diffeiE-nr 
1. 1 ii Res (for iisg in hiRh-unpIc fire); ic also haw a grenade 

* r ihi iil'j spiiii^j The < 1 1-^ h e lor aimc hir»^ ii in thi 1 1 at blur 
is similar to lhat of ihe Mi launcher, that is, a lunged 

Fignwr a/, l.nhwhff far S, rvrlhw, cvlihrr .jn, .Iff, 





t i and wing nui. Afiet I aliening the clamp Ijj Ufjn 

■ in i- r tie wing nut, check frequently ibsmfter. odu'ituM 
Ih. l.iLirucber may slip forward <hitiiig firing, and dfOOp 
(Nm jji,) 

Tlk MK launcher may be cleaned wiih riJlr boil 
i li.iin f- After cleansing, the surface* are oiled with IikIh 

| i -i i 11 native lubricating ail. 

c. LoUrtCfter potltian efip. 1" f « itii jlh- locating iftii|(< 
|iiiM[Lo:m on the launches Ml and Ma, when firlnf iln 

i i. i ile ai high angles, position c1l]j* lih. furnished. "Mm-* 
. . | jacked wiLh the impact Engmentatum rifle gn.-ni-h 
M t f formerly the Tz), the xretiaik* projetlinn ;nL;i|Mri 
Mi. and the smoke rille grenade (WP) Tj, a* folium; 

1 1 1 I rupaci f ragnnjTH a i m hi i iile grenade* M 1 7 mi 

P^itiiin t lipi ■ ■ - 5 

l j 1 Grenade pittjvtCLoii adapici Ma - ■ - ■ ■ * 4 H 

I "mi [ion clips . . . . . - . - ■ ^ 

m Smoke rifle flu-nadr (WE 1 } ] . .... , in 

h nil ion flips , . - * 

d. Jmmuiltf Jon cerryjng bog (lift. yi*>. (l) This is a 
durable and serviceable hag, easily stored when hlul hi 

ild-si^iM-iL 10 carry greennks ;md oilier i>|>cm ol ammu- 
11 1 1 ioou 

j-i J[ may he carried by mean* of either the hand qi 
■■aider stop. It is equipped with two *ets of D-lin^ 

hi .rift We the soldier to secure the h;ig rn the Mtlc his 

I .. — : 1 "i by means of a thong or rope. 
;i The capac ity uf the bag for various i^pcs of grenades 

" . as follnws: 

11 1 i ill grenades without mnl airier. 

|i riiie pifnndi's with * rimniiiei . 
afi hand grenade* without container. 
] l hand grmsnli-N wiih container, 
ji hand grenades with project Mmi adapters. 



G/eflade-pr o^cf-foft adapter Mf (fig. s§© 1IU 
i/j). {]) I "he ;ulapcir consists of a <iia.hili/t-t itihc ami ; 
(in rimtiar n> (turn- uf the MyAi Kit-Hath'. Claws, attaint 
co the. scaliili/cr iube P grip itnaltirtns of ilif liuiu 
^vriiiiLc Mk. J I. L hti hm^ ihiw has un anncng dip t? 
rniiifr aiu! a n as miHg h Itp. 

(a) The adapter with j^ieciad-c assembled, is firnd in 1 
manner sjmilqr %n |he Arm» ni ai]u * ■ i tl i rn;ii[i'% ]"n 
I raining purposes i the pnulkc huinl gteiude Mk. I J ma 
I it- mmiL wiih i he ada]>if»r P 



C£ Gr? nffrif pTT^rc-lK"?i atfnftirr Mt t with hand 



The grenade is mounted an the adapn a I a ILim in- 
i ling llK ^.u-iwle sak j u kfVCf in Lhe inning dip and 
lica cji^L^iiiR the serrations with ■ I ■ ■ i laws; ihe. ;n inin^ 
lip is fjuihi iL in iis iinh--i |i>iward pcuiliuii and held then: 
l iy friction. Lpmi Mtii^. iimija cauu-%. ihc ^nniiiii, 0\y 
• i remain itllKUlwy while the fert'iisuk' and adapter arc 
lujjelkd forward. 1 he ;li nim» i hp mm iti^hic-ns « lie Ik'iiI- 
M-r p>riiun <ii rlii- anniii^ c I i | ■ icruiiiti and sJip* from 
■ lie claw and gicnack tafety kvcr P jm rinii i iii:j Mm- hm m 



41 



becurcLL' armed. The adapter, leis ihc arming dip, reniM 
attach^] Lu die grenade [hruugdciut its flight. 

(4) In using the adapt£i P the scquctic c: uf iterations 
loading and firing is the same a* listed in paragraph 
-frith the exception of *teps 5 and 6 P for which [he 
Lniviiifl sJumkl be substituted: 

(5) J J lace grenade prajcLLiun adapter wtih gwrnade 
Laumher in the position cnitaj.tr? ri( with the range 
si red [sec range uhJes. (jars, yjfc and ri iCj- Rut a 11/ Rii m. 
and adapter oil la wither so that nfety lever antt armil 
clip ire down. 

(fi) Gravp the grenade wish I he left ha ml ami iviih 1 
right hantl withdraw th-r safeh piji. 

31, PROPER ALIGNMENT AND ADJUSTMENT 
LAUNCHERS Ml, MZ. mni MS (% 14), a . By » a 
shpifi( ri (i) Particular care muni lie exercised in adjw 
iliL'M:' hmiichc™ pr^priK inn 1 l^vapiiti and deep itied 
udjitaied dining njiiii^ fur two ita.-uin^ 

(a) Tu prevent the build (when the weapon is us* 
tor fifing service immunition) from hilling the Jaundic 
im the inside of its bore arnl ImlKiiig le *n thai ii is u«f 
for us^ r _j ■ - - 

(&) To insure accuracy when jfrenarla. are bring firei 
(*) When properly aligned, the axis of the bore of tJu 
La urn In-? -In mid hk* in exact prolongation of ihe axil c 
1 1 1 1 ■ Is- i iIm 1 ifh ■ n ai I uiir. 

(3) The proper relai i^risfii p between the launcher aill 

thr wc.i]m :j\ he determined h\ < 1 1 dh. • r a i r a ^ the bolt, an 

with the end of chr launcher about 12 Lru-hm from ch. 
i-t. %i^]n injr M|ii,n-t-|y clown thf! bore r The two drdd 
formed by l he bore of the rifle or carbine must be CO! 
centric with the circle farmed by thr hnre oF ihe hmm til 
{fifr IF lliis mart rrlai inn ship c^kjs not exist, ihu 
launcher may he hrnu^hfl into prope r alignment l.iy jm 
lirif? shims (paper doth, or any 01 her available materia 



7D 



, |||. Umim Im i Mint lIm inufiU- i>t (lu- weapon (top 

H ln in Irli}, jiihI (mill} Hjj[iittriiiiK 'he clamp 

(iMfl ilmui i In wiiir. HUl- 

. •. Im 1 1 sin men I he hinged clamp mu*i 

i i iiMjininh dining firing: othifwiw i«. mas tn> 
„,..iinl f allowing the launcher la slip lot ward 

v , mHifffli from Jotf«e*ers + In nidcl U> «cure 
i hi - lifer- jtrrprdrf* fifing under twiditUitis which 
If I ii imiI ili ni slum the Laumln v r. ail individual 
Ullh tin In' may zero his him* he* al various 

I' 1. 1. . .Im Launcher on the riile and ran it a* far 

,„i i In- Irft as is frill «o before the *'ing nut 

,,in ,| u v I practice grcmnks the t*ro £01 \&u- 

l# .t l. iIk m ilctermirerf-Thciviifirr. ttiL- launch* 




if \f?thti(i of atigrtWg Inunthcn Ml, Ma, a?i«f 

AcF.V r wrth wuptm. 



€r ]* iiJM-ayb pLaa:d uu cive I Jibe in the bame |HwitLon I 
i[ neeessary. the fircr holdg ofl 10 Oftnipuiiacc Cor 
Yaiiauon in ihc (■! oF hi* launcher. 

S2. SEQUENCE OF OPERATIONS, o. U. S. rifle 
ofNf carbine MI, MM I, and Lit batting 

firing, die Fen] Lowing sequence must Ijc observed: 
(i) Open ihe hoh and dear lifle. 
(?) buk {puth the safely co the safe position), (Sg 
bctow.J 

(j} Insert cartridge in chamber. 
<4-J Close the bolL 

{5) Jf the auxiliary grenade: fan ridge is to be u 
for extra range insert Ii Lit the launcher with die pa 
wad mu-ard (he [iKi£i]e of the weapon. 

(6) Flacc jfivnade on launcher in a position depend 
upon tari(?e desired in accordance wiih -ihr nai'ijje La 

(7) Withdraw thr <iU\\ pm lie mi ilii- j^'nade. 
(B) Utiluck (push die safety La the lire position). 

(<)) AltRH l he weapmn on the target (tn high-anjjle firi 
the wc-i]Kin is First nl^uuJ on tJie Garget uich rln- mu 
lowered. It is then raised co Lhe prt>|H:r sm^k* ol eleval 
before tiring (lip;. jjgfl. 

(10) Fire the weapon. 

h. Sequence wifJi other rifles. (1) M190V Ma 903 
Ui.,..;;V«. AMI M| lM7 Itll-L.KS- Hie idle will 
loefcfid after boll i* closed. 

(. r /; In lu^h-mi^k- hrmg. eFiil- |Htti|lri[| clip is placed 
cJlc launcher after locking the piece, 
(s) When locking ihr JVJ tgng F Mh^Ai, or Mi 90 
rifles* raise the safety loek tmfy lh# T t ttiru! pmrt\ 
Tfik Fac iLiraceAunhM-kingih? a file quickly should oceaa 
demand. 

Frcccuf fens. (1) GRENADE WITH TIME 11 
IE the penade should accidentally heenme armed a 
removal of the safely piri h uubKk du- w.ipun and 



tanlltihly ri as the ymurJt will explodfe m 4 to $ JCC- 
I ifcir *huuld be laken noi iq strike the Icvct after 
miii'. pin is removed us such action rmiy l:iu%c ihe 
f In qpririg From ihe grenade and alLrcw the fuze to 

iHWDE WITH IMPACT TYPE FUZE. not 

It ■ 1 1 1 taute after ike infrly pin has been Ttrmovrd. 

jl llll 1 -i.nl J kill I Ills flMVjuLKU IK'CH LIKL'li l(J ftF€ bfltl 

Ifffitf™. tare must be taken tu s« Lhat *J frd 

- .■ mIhti iht grenade ie to be fired, as «£tiuU4 

H'ii>> -is ill result. 

I *Mcrti*#t fn ftqyen^e flf landing and Wring, (l) 

i 1 • " I.. To 1 11 ;k e it r ilit |im^jl i sll^li ikl- i;t Loading 
I In ni g so as co ftci[«L]t sjjecd mid attimicy in opcra- 

Ml I HDDS. The proper sequence h pkauked in 
1 iiioii, ilie mi. ih .m'.l- -.n l- j hi being jicr formed liil- 
h I iv the numbers." For » 1 1 Li;iiiiiii£ in the sequence 
)■ i- ling; am! Ihing and m |.".'-n :■ hi-, the himn. Im. i is 
|>> 1 ■ I- 10 and considered ail initial pain erf she rifle. 
Mii^ "Niiiiin^ is repealed in all positions until each sol- 
In • hi jjerlorm the opeiaiiun gmiKithlY and accurately, 
I1M 1 . 1 Me to engage a m^ec <ippn>in lung, fti?m any di- 



MEtHANICAL TRAINING a. Mo training will 
■ ■ 11 En the construction or piim iplcs u\ JLiiKtWirij; 

iw rifle grenades 

\ li ilivid.tia.Lh wilt be thoruuRhlv u mined in rln;- proper 
1 1 1 1 1- 1 < if aUKcmhLing 1 he grenade-projection adapter and 
id nade, of attaching the Yariona types of launcher* 
1 ■ 1 1 ■■; 1 1 1 hf 31 i ;ii c \\i ;i] KHh. s 1 1 f "1 su i 1 1^ the K rt|] adc °" 
Li i 1 richer, and in the sequence of operation*. 



MGHTIMG AND AIM INS. tf. I here are now avail- 

M'^eral diffienni grenades with varying ballistic qual- 



73 



iltes Which may he fired fiiaftl several weapon* with 
cot front an<l jest" distils, Thii 4iuaacj.n1 Jms neii^i 
1 he development ol a universal sighting device for 
attachment to each weapon which will furnish an a 
tittguUif meatureinent of eJevatiun when fsriaig 
nades. 

fr. The grenade launcher iijgliL T^g (lij>. 
installed on iJie scock of caliber .30 rifles fcfi, M 
MigosAi, MigojAg, tfiffif, arid on caliber .^o car 
Mi, AlfcAi, nd M1A4. Jt con*UE:i of a mounting 
which is fastened 10 tin- Mr aide of the suxk 1^ two & 
wood screwy and a*[ght bar attemhl) which Hna|*s on 
moiii \t in j; plate. The ntnunimg plate Is calibtated in. 
intervals from 0* to 45* elevation a kid is numbered 
IO* intervals. A fa* Calibration is also marked. The s" 
bar assembly tomLstsof a 5-tnch st^hi bin having an h> 
si i^l 1 1 hcicI a Level vial Jim umj in Inw-atiRlc! ami hi^h u 
tnv. nvh|M i livrh. Pnivisiort ]m marie: Ji>t both verticaJ 
horizontal adjustments of ihe sight to icrn the We* 




I i iniiih^ ilin- usance of theTgg or similar >ighi ihc 

mI rh si >hown in Lliv laiigc iahl« must be 

L|h, . ii.-. 1 1 14 lim. 

hi M< iin ih-rtl of sighting and aiming ihf M190J ami 
IP ii ii 1 1 ill. - ".villi \[i_|Ai grctiadc given in pm u^i :i|>h 
^Hpl Miiiiiiiiwe in use foi Lhe pie&tiii- 

■ SECTION 11 

I ANTITANK MARKSMANSHIP 

U GENERAL a. Purpose. The purpme of this HCtM 
K in jnuviiEe a l he 11 h hi 1 l»;Ji and uniform ihciImic] nf training 
|, 1 , , i iK . lIk .h i iiir.L i^M.tfcadr ;u Mimoniin MM 

<> PJ^ce ju tr oinj ng- (1) Train ins; in antitank grenade 
I 1 1 1 hi ■ h I JnLlnhW the course in rilk- ]tiartsmanihip> 

n h.'m.lii proper mining in a i f U- nrnksmamhip, ilic *"L- 

I i>i inc ri\rl\ give* the: tri^Ri-i a tiuhlcn prevent* winch 
|p nils in flinching. The athlrcl aright of Lhc launcher 

In «r I'll acta exaggerates this Kltlleffl€y B 

I Ik method* nf imtructimi are similar to theme M*ed 
1|| b- i-. Fiing marksmanship with any other weapon. Train- 
hvided inro sr+fis ia hirh muse be iau«hi i't |m> F iL i 
>h Mil' 'i ice« 

1. Fundamental!. To frconme proficicin in liiing rln- 
Hi - 1 Mile, a soldier ciiu-sl bu L rained in c Ul: In] Lowing 

mhi 

I I f njrocl sighting and aiming, 
1 m , 4 jnrrect pi nit inn*, 

t urrert trigRer squrcie, 
1 1 ipnrtrct MqtKiHE 1 iipe rations in kpacliriR and fi'ing- 
! (y ("nrrrct ranRT estimation, 

Ulli 4-iimii .i| .|:l i: .il m 11 I hilds for moving I;1ij>l'1s. 



75 



34, EQUIPMENT, A. The equipment It-quired for 
paraiorx imirtinj? is a* fallows; 

I . S. rifle. caliber .30, Miijog, M LgogA l, ant 

Grenade lAUOCbfiT Mi. 

Grenade launcher sight Tr^, or similar tipht, whei 
avail able. 

Practice grenades, HllA] or if 1 iAs. 
Hi lie re*c, 

6* bj" EhfcH>c raigei Frame, 
joinrh sighting disk, 
bi The Fu] lowing addhiuuftl equipment in rcquiredj 
(ij For U, S. rllle F caliber .gn, JII1917- 

. Grenade launr.her Ms. (The grenade launcher Mi 
may he used if ihe Ma Launcher is ciol available, 
(<) For U. S. rifle, caliber -jo, Mi— 

Gienade launcher M7. 
(g) Fnr U, 5. turbine, caliber 411. Mi r MiAl or M1A3- 
Grenade launcher Mft. 
t Rifle rest, target frames, and sigh ring disk* in 
readily impmvt$ed. 

17. SIGHTING AND AIMING Mil AT, OR 

M11A1 GRENADES, MT90J OR M1V03A1 RIFLES, 
Q r SJflftf Sfcttfng. The peep sight i$ set at 1,200 yardi 

fr+ Method 1 of ohnfjig. (1) Use the top of the grenade 
as a front sight (Jig. 5*7) and for a range Ci[— 
(a) janij, 

Ip Use ranj^e marking i,ft^g on the tigtil leaf, or- 
is. I'.su iifjt-n Mvhi 1 1 1 si ahove peep sight, giinmg 
i* inriiei below poinl it is desired to strike. 
(p) J?. 5 ynrdj. Use the open sighl just over the pet} 
sight. 

(rj -fen vnrrfjE. Uw ihr mp <if die drifi slide. 
(?) For a. range of 75 yards, use the tvp of Ltte front sighi 

74 




50 ijprda 




J : "^_575 yards 




*5 yards 





375 yards 



so 




7s yards 

^I'^ijrf J7. Method of aiming grcumtta \fq.4i. MuAi, and 
NtlAi, with Alijfoj and Attyi.-f.D jrjVr*. 



77 



ami Lhe l». I* of Lhe sight Leaf (fig. 77). In order to cmp]l 
rhisi im. iliml, In nil L^e^ must be kept open and focus* 
(hi 1 he larger.. (Sec par. 39b and t.) 



38. SIGHTING AND AIMING. USING ANGLES ffl 
ELEVATION: MS AT. IA11A1, OR MT1AZ GRENADES 

MrW r Ml 90 3 A 1, M19I7, ond M7 riffe 

The range of the grenade increases with itic angle "f ^1 
vniwm of the rifle. The dara contained in [lie follow in 
ranjt- lable may be used in flat trajectory firing wich I 
a rrfde-nieasu ring sight or when the £icr is able lo eslima 
the cltMiiion of the weapon (sec par. 3.]}. The grcnas 
should be fully seated on the laiim In- 1 . 



RAXGF. TAR1.F. 
{Grenade full} H.-.utxl un iduuUiuj.. 



Elevation 



5 

10 

15 
2(1 
25 



Rang* (yard*.* 



l iii ln<!|i<- M 4 
.s I 

104 
1 IS 

IB5 
21S 



Cartridge M-J 
anrl auxiliary canridRf M7 

'U 
175 

226 

m 



b. Ml, M7A1, and Ml A3 Carbines The follawi 
range table applies to lhe^t weapons: 



78 



RA\GE TABLE 
(tircnmk lulls wared oil launcher) 



Elevation 


(yard*) 












10 


70 


is 


LOO 


2C1 


127 


25 





Ni¥IE k;iiu^- fcir silk i Uu r>- gi-fjuclf tuL'LiridfiE will be |>ub- 

h- i - id when ■vailable, 

If. EXERCISES IN SIGHTING AND AIMING, Ml 903 
RIFLES, u, Eicrdsc Wo. I. (l) PURPOSE. 
! ■ ■■ demonstrate the correct align frtfcttl of sights for lan^e? 

i . iili 25 to 50 yards, 

1::) METHOD, (a) The instructor plates the rifle wilh 
iii - lauincZ^ i .11 1 ,11 Im-lJ jn a. rifle rest unci ^li^ns iJn- trc^t 
Kills a blank target. An antitank prat t ice ^rc-nailc Mil At 

HnAj i\ pJarccI on ihe launchei m<\ rhr unriLictor 
■ li 11 aliens the sight disk by directions to tlie markei who 
• • 1 rob the dj>k. WJu-n ilic disk is plug icily placed to 
uMinsimc the correct sight alignment f<n 1:111151: a\ 

. :irds, thr iiiMiruc tor c^mmamU: HOLD. Ihe Lnstruc- 
*"i moves away J i- nn I In. 1 liHe artel diftKtl eatli pupil in 
I m f>rnup tn look ihrou^h tin? sights in order to observe 
1 1 n- torrecL sight alignment for Sr=s yards. 

Tin- murker then moves ihc tlkk mit nf alignment. 
I .n h pupil in turn i^kus position at the rifle ud directs 
! iiiiiikrr tn move tbe l 3 i s k 11 mil the Right alignment 
|i miiiccL for a range uf ir^ yac-l- I hf coach verifier Lhtf- 



79 



sLigiiniuii. Jm milt pupil. I he exercise Is repeated 
demons!, i a lc the Lorrect sight alignment for ran go 
37.3 and 50 )h1hLs. 

Ererci» No. Z. (i) PURPOSE. To demonstr? 
ihe mcLhod oF sight alignment for a range of 75 yawls. 

(2} Mfl H< ) I ). Ihe i usliucti nr deim ?iih 1ra1.es L I ic 
nique of aligning the sight* with bath eyes open, 
having eadl student dose his left eye and hold one 
more lingers in front of I] eh right eye so as 10 obscu 
the Righting disk, &nd then having lJh pupil open die le 
eye. With both eyes open 1 he disk, again as visible 

c. Exercise We. 3. (1) rUKTOfiE, To demonstidt 
the rorreet slghi alignment for a range of 75 yaniv, 

(i) METHOD- The instructor repeals exercise No. 
WLlh the dkk alijjilt'd turrectly for a range of 75 yards. 

40- POSITIONS, cf, Gejierri. (1) The ami tank rill 
grenade may be Fired From any position used for firing 
rifle except square ing and sinui£. 
(t) When filing from the ihoulder, care arum 1>l- ex 
ched to seat the butt ol ihe rifle firmly against ihe 
shoulder. 

(3) Do not fire from the shoulder when hi ihe t?mn 

position; m«i h- hu shoulder in any position lluir nh 

not permit the body to move wilft ihe lecuil of ihe ri 
A butt rest should he. used For firing from the prone 
] Motion. 

(4) Owing to the height of the sii>ln s the check cann 
be pressed firmly against the stock. ConsecjuLiuly i m 
head must be held well away from the rifle- Thl9 a I 
jucvenis injuij m 1 1 ■ ■ - cheek from the recoil. 

(5) fn firing from any pnsirion, ihe left hand shoid 
he held several inches back From I he ding swivel to chm 
me any pi>vsihilirv n\ |m lulling 1 In. 1 hand or finders. Th 
sling is not usrd in Hat trapeciory firing i>F 11 lit- grenade 

h, SfDirrfinf (fiR. 18}. The body should he farrd ar a 
angle From Go" 10 70° fluan Lhe line of fue with feet sprca 



9Q 



I.* i .1 1 i-i ii i limjy shoLiLtl be well torwaul, Icamiitf 
i | " ■ ■ It'll kiu i t slightly bent, right lc:g MtaLfhi. 
MHn*iPttf (Iik. a j- The lii-er kneel* oci ike ry>lit 
hull the night, left knee boil so thai 

ii 1 1 n 11 vertical (as seen from ctic front); left arm 
- 1 1 1 Ie- i (he rillc: ami fn.'c Immil kfl knee; ri^K 

• i.i- 6 . ■ in -ir i In: hetght n( the right sh on Icier; the 
hill !■ in-, .ml mh an not to be sitting <in the right hccL 




Figure 2^. Sdnnd'j'ifjf piv.'irNiirj. 




If, Prone with catuaf bufi n- 

Held Bring wta, fllmj , S^^fS £ anI ' 

vehicle TUC or B fl,cr ™A^ ( „C H 



J hHh -- l*| | | i i^TjTT^ 'X_# 

e. From tax bolt ffig. 44© and d>l in fi a ii fi 
When *e nMllt e «[ «hc urge, J, j < 2*7" H 

41. RANGE ESTIMATION, b . Gt«e tal ,.\ -n. fi 



f» The usual method of range estimation is by eve. 

! lU r k tf Jlt r<l estimate accurately and fix permanen 

in (til mind two distance*, 37,5 and 75 yards. Targets 
nihei inures an.- estimated in comparison widi these nil 

of measure. 

(:5) After one grenade has been fired, subsequent firel 
.^1 justed by observation of successive strikes. 



b. Ererctot. The following exercises ran be used 

Kimtv* IV j ■ insu ni rrnn in L srJuoatiot], Ranges sIhhJ 

be short, with none exceeding is- vards. The l-.vlh iw 
arc (specially suitable lor class instruction. 

(1) EXERC ISE NO. 1. (4) Purple. To familiarize t 
student with the units oE mca.sme, 37.5 and 75 yards, 

(A) MHiunt. The unit* ol measure, 37.5 yards and 7 
yards* are staked out on [he ground. All students are r.' 
qiund 10 Ihkhiil- familiar will) the appearance of [fie? 
unit* from llit' prone, kneeling, and standing positio: 
itl the 0|ieil Jtml riOlll 1 1 1 1 - 1 .1 r ! 1 1 1 L; iKisiririiii, in Ins hofe 

{si EXERCISE \Q. 2 . (a) Purfwse. To give practice *' 
range e*i juration. 

(b) Method, From a suitable nsMTiibh p,»mi, ran 
aie pncvioiisb rneaMired m m numhti *d points van, in 
in direction and range but all within 1*5 yard*. Each sol 
din is u-tHiiicd m estimate ihr Ranges lo ihe vari<m 
points as they are inditaird l>\ 1 In- instun i<u and to tC 
nud bi^ c-nimaiiHuis on a sheer <iT paper. Ar l<ji%r nm* ha| 
uf tFif estimates are made From the prone position. Thirl 
sccoints i> HilNiwetl for each estimate. When all rang 
have been esuntJir^L cadi mnI din's p;i|H'i ]<, (imlu-d h 
the instructor and the true ranges arc a mummed. 



B4 



I ATIQNARY TARGET COURSE, l ku folluwmg i* 

. nested course for firing at stationary targcis- 

tabl£ I 





ShcrtH 




Puailknt 


Tiirie 


HO 

M 


1 
1 
1 
1 


Rifle- 14 
Rifle B. . 
Rifle B._. 
Rifle B__. 


Pnme^ caAiLfll rtflC 

I'nyne, c:u.»m] rtM. 

J 'rune, -.iLa-uiil rtflC. 

1 Vflibt, r^ani u 1 rtbC 


Nfl Minir. 
Nn Mm if. * 
Nil limir. 
Sn Minir. 










l J ijsii urn 


Time 


■II 


1 

1 , 
1 

1 


RLfte B.. 
KiJl* li. 
RjOfl B.. 

Kilfc IS 


Standing. - 

Kneeling - 

Prone* wJch cmullI 

butt rcst- 
SLaflJing in one- nun 


IS second*, 
15 «ecmd*. 

J* wtuiida. 



43, MOVING TARGETS. Flow jit frplnf-ig, Nn Lndi 

■- idual should icfcivc training in ihc lcrlmi<iii(! ■ firing 
the ami i: .ink grenade at moving targets until he has dan- 
i>ri:siiat<!c! proficiency ill the training pics*] ihc-ri in para- 
;:r.jpha jg to 41 inrliJHivc. and Mir scmiou-m Jning wilh 
ihe sttiticank grenade prey tit^l in paragraph |2- 

b. Deferm motion -and n ppficotioft of leads. (1) The 

1 1 ad Mcenwy to hit a moving tar^eL is ilejjendcnt Upon 
us spCTtL ami it* direction t*F movement with respect to 
hi- line of si^ht- Moving 81 spevd i>L 1 link's uii ln>nr ( -1 
vehicle will oovlt ajipioKimatcly 7 yards ill I gemnd— the 
nverage length of a medium tank, The a in Hank grenade 



moves ^ , ilu \, ,„ aj>fji iiximatelj- ^ second 4n <l w yqr 
HI i^i Utuntk Therefore, Lo hii a vehicle moving acre 
the fiom ai 15 miles a » j ]oljr a , , H[lg(;i vf ^ aiu[ 
yanl.v ilit should be annul 3^ and a ymU re*pec 
ively At a speed of 25 ,„i| w atl hour lhc lcaih s] ^ ul 
Ni- about <> and 15 yards, respectively. 

(a J Leads arc applied by using the length u f ,he tare* 
as 11 appear* to 1 he fircr as g unii of measure. J his dimi 
nares the necessity fur collections due to ( he ancle a 
■-hull 1'.: ..rnpi crosses the line of sight l^ausc ,1, 
"HHi! atuu dv a.ii^k- die .niaJlri the la^n aiu»-, tl , 3 
the less lareral s]>eed it a i rains. 

(3) The following table i>f tu:ids k furnished as a guide: 



Tiirntirt moving at fqfJit aiijle Ld ILrtc 
□f fire (ntpli) 



IS. 
25. 



Lfttdi iL range* u( - - 



1 1! 
1 



511 H...r<l^ 



I 

I 



e. Technique of fire fi) AI'i'ROACl IIXC l \\i 
GETS. For a range of 15 >ards. a i, n at (he poim jt is 
cJCHiied to hlL For a iange of 543 yaids, aim 1 foul b<W 
the point It is desired 10 hit. 

(») RECEDING TARGETS, For a range of t 5 yard* 
aim approsimaiel, 1 foot above the point it fc desired 
1,1 hJl tol ,1 rang, . ; | ,. m j v :tllll i; . 1111|r _ a|KHu lJu . 

point it is desired! to liit. 

(,) CROSSING TARGETS. Align sights at the poini 
it is desired 10 hit and, by staling the body at the him 
swing the rifle k u ,s* En lhc- diimiuii r.f (he rnawsnent 0< 
!hc target to the desired lead. The rifle is kepi swniginc 
ami the shut lB sonee^cl «\1 ai die proper lead is reachedi 



li. Vfvparutory rrereiset. (l) In orckr to Eamiliaruj: 

ii .'.ivldnal with different iarg*i ipeeds, the instruct h 
I. ■ i In- target towed at 15 and ar p miles per horn — 

1.; 1 Alius* the front, at 37.5 and 75 yard* range. 

(Aj Toward the fircr h from IOO to 55 yards. 
1 Away from the firer, (rom 15 to iuo yards, 
ID Coaches, previously trained, illustrate the method of 
[Hiking up Che largrt, swinging through, ami wxuihig 
|Jir mnect lead for eadi range and speed. Throughout 
1 1 u se exercises* the instructor reviews the technique de- 
i! 1 1 bed in t and e shove, 



4 1 MOVING TARGET COURSE. The following i* ■ 
■jjL-sted cum-se fur 1 1 ring at movinn i.nt^i-c*: 



COURSE TO fl* ^XfED 



vara*) 



25 

'i c* 25 

5 to II 



Nuinbtr 
of rounds-, 
\N1AI etc 
ML1A2 



2 
2 

i 
2 



PoaiHnn 



Km dinj; in RhrllrratKr 

or othtr drpra«xifi. 
SlarldiflJ[ In f™ hnlfc___ 
Kit»lin« in "hdE crater 
CK 1 OLufir deprftwrinn- 

Standifljlill f™ hole 

Sodding in fan bok- - - 



Direction of 
isiovenwnt Tif 



Altc*& front 

AtTLHBW fratit 
Approach ind 15 

Approaching 

Receding. . . 



IS FIRING AT FIELD T A R GETS , u. fu r p*f e B The pur- 

11I chl^ phase of training h to develop aj>i iiuiLc in 
Mil- individual ill the handling rjf his weapon under $imu- 
Uted baick-ficld conditions. 

fr P Extent* The eainnc of thU training is limticd only 
hi available time and aiiimimitirHi allowances. Care in 
. of the practice gienado and their efficient ma i nee- 

•7 



nance when damaged will greatly extend iheLr pr-k ii » L 
usability., 

C. Prior frafrrijig. tk-fore iri s mm:: i raining in Mi in 
ac \ield targets, each individual should have demonstrat 
proficiency in the firing .suggested in paragraphs .rir and 4 

tfx Enrrcfr**. ft) Standing lype one-man fox hot 
J Laving been dug ai sui cable pom is m i the ami tank nn 
iri : j. in 1 nuige -is - 1 1 l;l -sn-i I m ;:u: u 1 ai .-i 1 \Ub • 1 ■ 1 .1 1 zr 
»re operated at varying speeds arid time intervals so as 
provide surprise targris 1 jnssiiiji, appiuaehing, and 
cctlinp at various angles. The iricr is -required to sfl 
tbc poaiiion to be used artel L 1 1 ■_■ pmpei time and metli 
o£ cnga^c-mrm of the largrr. 

(a) fn addition to the firing cxerriscs on the anlica 
range, ad van rage slrauld be taken of every oppomime 
to combine training in antitank grenade Fin ing waiJi fn I 
exercise*. 

EQUIPMENT, RANGES, AND PRECAUTIONS. 
Targets (fii^ -ind 34). (1) For stationary tai^el firing 
a standard 0- by (Hi ax iaigM fi viirn.- fc iuhK'lI wicti i;arg 




/i^urc 37. STf-d for mtfiriwig target. 



as 




Figure 34- Maimer of t&tfittg tnrgtrlt. 



ili'lh, burlap, or 01 he r light material, should be used- 
"^ij-inch bull s-eye should Ik puintuil <m" a target repair 
i nicer (B-C) pasted sbereoch A sandbag Lank silhouette 
• i ho su Liable fin ;■ Ungui. 

i For a suitable moving target,, a skxl ft feet by 6 feeC 
mi i *i he fnnsc meted. Two frame hoftckrt art: bolted 10 ihe 
dixL Hull holes sJlOUhl he drilled In the sled to permit 
1 1 if Fran k- [inkier* to be set at various angle* nn the sled- 

\ mi^ci similar in tlie one used f«r station dry firing in 
<lu-n inserted ill I he frame holder*. This target may be 

i .wed by any at nibble motor vehicle hy using a u>pe at 
I i-c ic» feet long. A tank mock-up albo provide* a luit- 
-i S " Lc target foi thh training. 

b. Rtrngtt. [ij GENERAL Since practice antitank 

nJle grenade* contain no explosive charge, [mining in 
rhcir use may l>e given in any area iihh mi i iijiied by other 

ii i>ops for a distance of wo yards in rear of the taiftet. In 
■ ■liler to minimise rlamagc to fin assemblies, an area free 

,.>vi trees, slumps, rocks, and other hard objects should be 
■^elected. 

ii) RANGES. (fl> A suggested lay^ui Fur stationary fir- 
ing is slinivn in figure 55., 

(i) A suggested lay-mi L Cur mnring-tai^el filing is 
■licwn in figure 36. 

fa) RETRIEVING GRENADES. Sinor the fircr can see 
1 he- grenade in fliftln and smiting ihe Nm^'I. il is not 
luvrssarv to teav firing and checfc .laigns alter each shot. 
If mie man is detailed to wuf h the Sight of each giennde 



Q I 



* l 



Mi P 



i a 



p t 



□ i 



I i , 



p p 



p i 



I f _ 

J L 



Q 



D 



A B 



J - Siandiitg iyf* o^.smtt fox hole, 
b - Standard £- bj £.f*ot largrt frntn*. 

jf- Idp-owf /or itefNMfljy firing ran?v . 



* 1 



4 ■ 



1 : 



i ■ ° 



W 4 IV 



i ■ if 



1 i #! 



y 



a 



J - . r , | .-i - 1 1 rJ Jj/jJJrV. 

Fur rjpi.fi- <ii fwixi'm^ fflrgriij drjr hrrtfrl m^f Jtraivrf dtang the 
front of tf\t entity firing fw*7Tt r each indivSdntd firing fll tht tnrRrl 
in iNCTftfjciH -otrd ufifrruirjjE fftr UKjJfer wf /ui ijh ■.■ j^rjiQ-rJ*-. .fair frjrrag 
aJ apprtuichTn£ flijrf rmding lnrg*te r # frr^f wpW iff Nemauy /or 
riTjrft thin firing points. 

/p^urc ji. l.irf oul for jn^ng-Targtl firing. 

tl 



afiri n r ih»iui?h i he target and observe it* final 

fMMIlt lit nvl. iilvuJi lirtiC ivill Iju ^(' ( | i : , km j ( v j [|tr Rre . 
llJlllcs 

(l) !■ I ELD FIRING, The antitank range may be utilised 
for field firing exercise* Kith practice antitank grenades 
bvt amt rut ting several standing type uric-nun Fnx faults <»r 
■hell cratero at a location such u that indicated In X i n 

fiLliui ;! - ivhuu *-vci:i >ving raigetH pass within a range 

of 75 yards. 43 




SECTION III 



ANTIPERSONNEL MARKSMANSHIP 

47. GENERAL, a. FurpoiA. The purpose of ihU aeciion 
i L . no |>! i.hVfei:lc a thorough and unUotin mcrhod of training 
individual* to J'ite rifle grenades at personnel an J eul- 
placementi, t»Lh flat trajectory and high angle, 

fe. Ftact iii training, {i) Training in antipersonnel 

■j/enade In : 1 1 ^ Umuld Fwllow thu tuurM.- in liflu i k^nani- 

-.Jiip, h may come before or after amhank marksmanship, 
■j-j The methods of Instruction arc similar to those used 
in tcacfaiog markka nsbip with any utlier weapon. Train- 
ing is divided info steps which must he i aught in proper 

-■LLjLUm C. 

e- Fundamental. To become picificienc j rn lining ihe 
ilie grenade, a soldier must hfl trained in the following 

(i) Correci sigihe selling. 

(?) fluinri |MP%Liiuns. 

(jj Correct trigger squeeze 

(4J Correct K-qLienn: ol operation* in InadmR- and firing 
. Correct range estimation for high-angle and flat tra- 
jectory. 

(6) Correcc method of securing proper angle of elevation 
!:n riHc in high-angle fire. 

.7) Gurreci application of leads fur moving targets. 

■18, EQUIPM.ENT. <| B The equipment required for pre- 
paratory tritiriiriR i*. ftillnws; 

U. -S- rjllr, caliber .30, Mi 903,. M1903A1, or 
M 190^.4^. 

Grenade laumliiT Mi. 

i« 



Grenade launcher light Tjg^ m vmMm *ighi p w | lt 

avai table, 
( r 1 1 ji Lt-| ii ejection adapter Nf i , 
l J ii«JK-c hand ^lenacle MIc. II. 
InJiftiuuntation hand grenadi MIL IL 
J rti | nac c I s ii lj i run tation rifle grenade M i 7 (forme ill 

the T*). 7 
Pusiiion c:J[p (for high-dngk fire), 
Rifle rc^r P 

Vertical target {for flat trajectory fire) (see par, 1 1 

.SjN-HhiirUt targets {for high-angle fire). 

:«>inrh sighting disk, 
b. Tin.' Fallowing additional equipment h rvqtlifted: 
<i) For U. S. rifle, caliber ,50, M 19:17- 

Cienadc raum-her Mi. (The Mi grenade launcher 
may be ias^d if the Me Launcher is not available,) 
(i) For U. S. rifle, cahber .go, Ml- 

Grrmtdr launcher M7. 
(3) For U. S. carbine, talibur .50. Mi, Mi An or MiAg- 

fiivnatlc humehei MN. 

if. SIGHTING AND AIMING, HIGH- ANGLE FIRE, 7. 
F titters det&r mining range. In employing hi-h iniujle 
fire, jn* p 45°, and fin angles of clevarhm are used in 
^nubiuaiion willi exposure- <\\ ;< Irti'd n umber of Iluk* 

!lc launcher For each range (jm-, r s u), flu/*.- rArf 

jTWfUn ilrr number of tings exposed, thr ihotter thz range. 
In the f.as« of the fragmcncai inn I mud grenade v.iiJi 
adapter, the use nf ihe 30 n and ftn" angles enablci the 
bu r m ^TLire the de*irett range* yet keep ihe time of 
f%ht wiihin ifee limit* of Mm- biz min;; time of the fuze, 
limit securing ground hursts {sec cable, par. r>db}. 

b. Mefhed of marking sfing (fig, ^8). Loosen die 
lower loop of the ding, Place the left foot on the *lir^ 
Raise the rlllc {or carbine) until Mi- -.lini* i\ taut. By 
using a clinometer, determine and mart ihe puim. at 

M 



^■hirh the sling held perpcndicuhiily P touchn the ground 
iui lIil- three lanmhcr v, that 19, 30% 45* and &0 D r 

Maik si ills widi wide ^'M^ ni adhesive tape, 




Fired r jJ, JWfrttNri marking tting /or anjgTrJ. 

C, U« of marked sJiJtg ?ji ffring- (lift. 39V With bult 
nt die piece on ihegruLftiul, che muzzle is raised sufficiently 
so iJi.lc lurt may ab^ii die gruuide oil the launcher with, 
the target- The left foot ii placed on the filing at the cor- 
ret! iii;iik lm i he angle desired, and tlie piece is then iniwd 
[hi ihe proper anjijle cif elevation, In Hie Fifcin^ ]HK%Liiuii. 
die foot should be directly hi'm-iih ihc: slock ferrule 
swivel (in ihe case n( lJil- carbine, diieiily bcmeniti ilir 
ficjnt hand). 

5D. RANGE TABLES, HIGH-ANGLE FIRE. The to] low- 
ing itt lIll- range udik^ in Ik used with iheMgAi, Mi iAi p 
ili 14 1 MiiAu ^icnadc-h; line Iraginontaiidii hand grenade 
Mk. II, with grenade projection adapter Ml: the impact 
fragmentation ijrunade M17 {hunutly llie Ta) and the 
smnlce grenade T5- 



a fta/igc fafafes f»f M94I. Ml Ml, Oiicf Ml 142 
arCTiadei. i n U I I H Ml RULE (M7 LAUNCHER), 
Miytig RIFLES (Mi LAUNCHER). AND M 1917 RiFLF. 
. (Mi LAUNCHER), 



Angle* o/ 
elevation 



Jiang* 



Ml rifle 

( M7 Ifliinrher) 



MLW.i rite 
;'\| 1 Inunrlwrl 
or MI ( J17 ullu 
I'M 2 aunphcr"! 



Ill 
8ft 
90 

ins 
12 n 
135 
1 SO 
1&5 
180 
200 
210 
230 
2S5 
965 



30 
15 
30 
45 
30 
45 
3d 
45 
30 
45 
30 
4? 
45 
45 



r. 

6 
5 

4 

J 

3 
2 

J 



5 

■: 
1 

S 
- 1 



None 

None 
plus auxiliary 
cartridge M7 



None 

None 
plus auxiliary 
cartridge 



i» WITH Mi CARBINE (M8 LAUKCHtRj. 



M$Ai r Mult, jf.YD Mi* 4* GREWADFS 
Mi CAHhtXtS 





AniflfrK oF cloi^Liun 

(degree*) 


I n 1 1 n^'kifM i'uwIh uLii 

L ■■LI 1 Sis 1 ll_ | | II I" 1 . .1 

(ringfl tXLHJOBd 1 




J LP 


■ 

G 


55 


45 


6 


70 


50 


5 


&a 


45 


.i 




30 


4 


110 


45 


4 


115 


30 


! 


13« 


45 


3 


US 


10 


2 


150 


45 


2 


1Ti. 


45 


I 


185 


45 


None 


235 


45 


None 






P>Hk : 1 1 V 1 1 i.l .rv 









b. florae tables far frogmen ■ often "ono" grenade 
II *Prt groove projection propter Ml. The *m- 



A uUt the fircr in determining what angle of elevation and 
^sliat launcher position io use, to obtain ihw result, the 
:inie of flight of the jpciiaile is included in ihe lS'irc 



(i) WITH Mi RIFLE {Mt LAUNCHER), M1903 
RIFLES fMi LAUNCHER). AND M1917 RlfLE {Ma 
LAUNCHER), 

jw^fijtfjf.vT rr/fj.v "rw> f./urMfl*: .hi:, ft 

WJTff I'MifECTlOU A D AFTER 




i.ihlc. 



]_iun.ilier posit it* 
l'riri|{> expr»**l} 



Tim*- i>r 



Annie* flf 
•Av: hi inn 



M I rifle 
(M7 launcher) 



M 1MB ritii's 

Ml launcher :■ 
or rifl* 
;M2 launcher > 



50 
70 
03 
105 
130 
140 

1 65 
ISO 
225 



All 
W 
45 
45 

45 
30 
30 
30 
30 



None None 



None None 

, 1 ■ 




4.1 
4.S 

4.0 
4.6 
5.1 
4.0 
1.1 

Note 



plus auxiliary plus auxiliary 



cartridge M7 cartridge M? 



\*LrtI: Complete raiifcC data Far aUSliliarY tP" c1Wftr e* 
jitililiibed when available. 



[il]/? ivill he 



<S) WITH Mi CARJ1IMLS (M« l.Al M 4 I til ,. 



turn rtntH rnn.\ tti-wn-.n 

Mi CdflW.VfiY 



Knnge 


Anglo □( 
elevation 


[junrlwr [kisNUmi 
(rinp. exposed} 




fid 


5 


55 


60 


4 


71) 


60 




85 




1 


100 


45 


2 


115 


45 


1 


1.10 


45 


None 



Time orf 

flight 
( seconds'" 

3.8 
4.4 
4.9 
■f.O 
4.4 
4.S 

S.I 



\"niT. R.iiiifi' tiara fnr n iin.II ijirji grenade carcrEd^ nil] be pub- 
lished when available, 



155 



*, Jltmge faileSior impact frogpisnratfon grenade 
tf J7 t formerly the T2L <i) Wl III M. RIFLE (M7 
LAUNCHER), Miqo^ RIFLES (M . LAUNCHfR), 
AND Mi 01 7 RIFLE 1M2 LAUNCH F_R). 



ckvalLmi 



45 
45 
45 

45 

30 
45 
30 



45 



frin|ji «\|him-iI ■ 



M ' rilk 



6 

4 

3 
2 

None 

None 

None 
pin- auxiliary 
cartridge M7 

None 
plus auxiliary 
i-iri ridge M7 



M LVOl rifles 
^Mt I puncher) 
or M13I? rlfl* 
{M2 launcher) 



5 
4 
3 
2 
1 

None 
None 

None 
plus auxiliary 
carrri-ftpc M7 

• None 
plus auxiliary 
cartridge M7 



Itl 



(t) with -Mi carbines (mb launcher) 



*f/; IMPACT FR.4 OMENTA TtON GRENADE 
Mt CARBINES 



Range 


Ang-Jts □£ elcvfitkwt 


J -JUncher position 
TillKB ezpunsd i 


40 


4$ 


ft 


55 


45 


5 


7.i 


45 


4 


flfl 


45 


3 


110 


45 


Z 


125 


45 


1 


135 


4? 


None 



NOT*: Rflii^ ifjrij for auxiliary grenade earLrulire nil! be 



Id 



riV Hong* tflfcJe* tor smoke grenade, T5. : Wl'l M 

Mi RIFLE (M7 LAUNCHER), Mi^j RIFLLS {Mi 
1 \UNCHER), AND M 1917 RIFLE (M* LAUNCHER). 







Liium-tar po*itkai 




Anglei of 
Hrv;il lun 


(rinKH tx(X>wd ) 






HI 0Q.1 riflf* fMl Isudfliftr) 




Ml rifl* 




(M7 launcher) 


or M 19 1 7 rifle (MZ LiwKlicr) 


_ _ 


30 


ft 


5 


GO 


45 




5 


es 


45 




4 


no 


15 


4 


3 


MS 


45 


3 


2 


165 


45 


5 


1 


195 


45 


1 




213 


45 


None 


None 


310 


45 


None 
cartridge M7 


Nnnt 
plus auxiliary 
cartridge Ml 



(1) Mi CARBINES {MS LALNCHHRj. 



T} SMOKE GRFX.1DE 
M J \RfU.\J-:$ 



Flange 


! Arigtei gf elevarion 
Itlfiiiera. 


J-nUnt her jiijtj.it hmi 
tfifljjp eupoocd ! 


■Hi 


45 






45 


s 


85 


45 


A 


1(KI 


45 


3 


1 20 


45 


2 


135 


iS 


1 


151) 


AS 


None 


215 


45 


None 






plus auxiliary 






cartridge M7 



51, RANGE TABLES, f LAT-TRAJECTORY FIR E (., 

riacltfi wiJ[ he iu\l) Hud 00 the mint in a ir Har u 

jeciory firing. 

MM I, MIMl. mm M1M2 jre^,, .si K htii_ 
anil aiming wiJI be done a?, pi^rik^l in m f4K raph s J 
and sjH, 

h. flafl 9B robiet for fra 5 jnM#eti on groWi 
Mfc. rr, with profectioFi adopter Ml. The- li>l|»whj 
*arir^ tftbkl w j]| be iMd with tfaii grenade. Da [a fl 
auxiliary givnailc: Lanri.l^ will Ik public whuil aval 
able. 




.!) WITH Mi RIFLE (M? L\UNf:HKR), Mi^uj 
1 IH. US i\U I AND Migi? RIFLE (Ms 

LAUNCHER). 



FRAGMEXTATIOS II tXD r*RR\' A DP, MK. II, WITH 
PHOJZCTtON AflirrKR Mi 
Mi r Miynj, AXD Miprj RIFLES. 



Range 


Angta of elevatinn 


Time of flight 

* (eeoofidfi) 


9 


1 


0.2 


17 


2 


{U 


26 


3 


04 


M 


4 


0.7 


42 


S 


0. a 


50 


6 


1.0 


58 


T 


1.2 


65 


a 


U 


7.1 


9 


1.5 


SO 


10 


1.7 



ins 



W Ull lJ Mi CARBINES (Ms LAI \CHER). 



FRAGME.VTAT!Qti ff.4\n CRFXWE MK ft 
WITH PRO ACTION ADAPTER Ml 
Ml CARhtXES 



Range 


Angles ufclcvat km 
(degrees) 


Time odT Highr 
(aecoiids.i 


5 


1 


0,1 


10 


2 


0.3 


15 


3 


0.4 


2(1 


4 


0.5 


25 i 


5 


0.6 


30 




0.8 




7 


0.9 


» 


a 


1.0 


43 




1.1 


4a 


LI) 


1..5 



fc fioijge fobiej for impact fragment afton grenfl 
M17 (formerly Me T2J. The f»llf iwiti^ i mint ial>lts wil 
be u«*d with this givrtaiU;. Data for auxiliary grena 
cartridge will will l,<- f wMisht-d when ftmllble. 
(i) WITH Mi RIKI.K fM 7 LAUNCHER), Mi* 
RIFLES (Mi LAUNCHER). AND Miai? kll L J- A 
LAUNCHER). " ^ 



Mi} IMF \<n Ut.H'Mr.ST r JVfJ.V C.RES.iPE 





Angleu- uf elcvaciirt 
'.(Li'unjca .■ 


(yardai 


s 




1.=: 




2.1 




31 




38 




45 


6 


S3 


j r 7 


60 


S 




9 


74 


10 



(l) WITH M i CAR BINES (MK IAIN < 1 1 F.R ). 

Iff; MfftJCT FRAGMENT A TtQN ORES ADZ 

xti cAitruyui 



Kimae 
fyjirclM 


Aii^iufl of elevation 


5 


1 


It 


2 


Ifi 


3 


21 


4 


26 


5 


31 


6 


Jfi 


7 


41 


S 


40 




SI 


10 



52* EXERCISES IN SIGHTING AND AIMING, AND 
RANGE ESTIMATION. 3. Eicrciss No* I. (1) PUR- 
l*OSE, To familiarize Hudtiu* wills variouss. an^lci <►! 
elevation for the rifle. 



1Q7 



f 

(ff) Mb I ||Ol>. The instructor calls nil angles of eleva- 
tion of 6©-, 45 * ai]tl 30 u j he s|utkl][ with rjfle on 
grown I, as sfcywn j n figllI? 39 q raito ^ mui;iJc un J| 
OK angle of deration ^responds l£) ,be number of de- 1 
giee* called by the instructor, fig. 39®). A difl.Hnc-rr, may i 
be ifectl to check Ihe accuracy of the student s estimate.! 

k Exercn* No. 2. (,) PURPOSE. To lamiliaim ihr j 
Student wjih units f inC a*nre> 50, mo. 150, ioo. and 2 r jf iP 
yank. 3 j 

(*} METHOD. Range* of 50. IOOl 150, soo, and ar,o vards 

are slaked out on thej? .\IJ .imlenis arc mndrcd to 

become familiar with the ippdmmce of rh.-su m>m „f 
measure from the kneeling, nidified sinjng, ami stand, 
nig positions. Practice in range estimation should pinci-cd ' 
in the manner olii lined in paiagraprt 124, y\l eJ 
ocpt that units of y, yank, instead of ioo yards, ate used! 

e. Ejcereiie No. 3 + in PURPOSE. To teach the stuj 
dent to find dtc correct angle of elevation at night. 

METHOD. Wirli the sling marked, as described 11 
paragraph 4c*, tbc student is biindfnlded. The instructs 

calhr.ui various an K |^ ami tht ■ fa knee line 

a rid I modiFied sitting position* j.i....s ih c □ 1 adc-H at die 
anglu called. 

i. Eaereiie Wo. 4. (1) PURPOSE. To enable the stu. 
dent to determine rapidly ho* Fin a grenade should be 
plated on a launcher for varium ijuigei. 
{*) METHOD. The taftriKtnr announces ranges to 
imaginary target and requires die sludent to place the 
grenade on ihe launcher at the proper petition. 



53, POSITIONS, a. Mat trajectory, PiMiimis dt-u rihrd 
in paragiuph 40 are suitable for artlipn unmet, il-.n 
jeetory fire, 

fr. Ht$b ongfe + The following positions ate soil able 
On high-angle Fire: 



ICQ 



(i) KNEELING {fig. 40). Tile filer facus half rij>ln, 
kneek cm lm li^ht Lmr, iimL |jIsi< c:s tin- lm\\ \A the litie 
:m chci gruiuul jJuucI 1 In- light kneec-ap. The Mi ltiu- 
:trm reits on I lie 1-L-fi knee, Mid ihe left hand jgranpi the 
1 ille 3 hi 31 1- 1 he- «j|j]Hjr slhijj swivel. J he Left FiKit i* plaits I 
-shin the: diEig ;m the market! [Miinn h Lc'i Ci tni Eiing the desired " 
im^le ji| i-U'vsii imi. Tin- Ikn.Iv tL'hih on ilir light heel. The 
head is aliened i giii call) ovet the rifle- 

j i MODIFIED SITTING (fig, 41), The fireir reding 
xiippcii'ttd hi his rij(ht elbow, feet toward tlie targei. The 
hull of the rifle in In ;* Ji'jlu di-pr^sum injure *raht!iiy. 
The riglit hand pifl*|3s cln- scirfk and is in a position to 
squee&e (he trigger. The right leg is sireiched straight 

itf 




out, and the Irfi leg is placed nut iht right with ch e lc[J 
foot nn I lie sling « the mark iLcivianin jii^ I In limited] 
angle of elevation- The head is iligrn^l uiiiudly over 
ifte rifle, 

(3) STANDING (fig. 4*). The ataiuliuK fHKiiKin is fm 
cmu^-mies and in lisc-iI only when rail paaa, brush* or] 
other obrtade obscure* 1 he view of the targec. The pusi- 
tion lakcu is ^inilur 10 ih«- ciin- <h -m mIh/J in paragraph 



110 



I ufa. except [or the angle ai which rhe a Llle is elcvaud. 
Tbe rLHf: will not be fined from the standing position at 
:\n imidti of uk^uirm jr K ;ini ih;m Ik^ilisc \A iln- 

ilioi^r ihai (he downward pressure 1- ihe recoil will 

b:<,ik i he In l j :i ; ullarbuuc. 




54. ANT f PERSONNEL TAR SET COURSES. When th<> 
student is proficient in i he sighting ami timing exercise* 
(par 5a) nnd in ihe use of the various positions (par. r^j, 
he shouhj fire [he taigpt courts millmcd in lJiv LuILuw' 
ing tables. 



TAitiy m. men t \'gle fire 



Hans* 

(yards) 


1 Number of rounds 
fPrnjwtton adapter 
\3 1 , nr jsr.uCwT grr- 
nadc* M [ [Al or 
MMAZ 


Targe* 




100 

150 
200 


1 
1 

1 

1 


Sjlhoiietie group 

S*lhuuet(T Krojp 

-SilliDiictrf group . 

Sillu>iirrfc Ertujp 


'-lniJiliei] atl-ting 
Standing 
Standing in fost 

hole uk! 11 l: Ii.i k 

wall a* buLL 

rem 



TABI.F. ft'. FLAT i'H iJECTORY HRE 



I'liIMM 

(yards :■ 


Number of rounds 
iPTTJjKTtifjn adapter 
M L, nr praccLtejTr-. 
nad« M 1 3 AC nr 

Mi l A3 






23 
45 

K 


J 
I 

I 


Vertical, Efflundlcvi- J 
Vertical, 6 fctC sihciw 

ground. 
Vertical, 12 fL. ahnw 


l^onc, sandbag 
KhMlinj, shell 
Crater 
KiieeJLriB? 



55. EQUIPMENT AND RANGES, The dumber of tij^ is 
anti firing points depend upon the loo] cuntlii ions. The 
following Jay -out* are suggon <l . 



112 



a. Migh-ongic (fig. 43^ The range is aoo yards kmg 
wiih the targets located m the far end. Firing poims are 
ouahlishcd at ran^s nf 50, ioo. i^o. ami too \ards frcmi 
the- targets- The hi* ho3c* an- *Lujr ai ihc lou-vauJ 
Ihiivg points, 




O O O O O O 50 YDS 



OOOOO OI00YDS 
OOOOO 0150 YDS 



# a ffi # 5 200 YDS 

111 



b. Rat trajectory (fitf. 14). The rangp is 75 yards 
long with six targets at the far en J. Sandbags are pisuxxL 




IT4 



at the 25 yard mark, shell traiers are dug at the jo-yaaxl 
iuli k a and otlwr firing poLius are indicated by stakes at 
1 lie 75-yard mark. 

S* fl TARGETS, Highnngte. Tl.r largei ioreadi Hring 
point is a group ,J ' hillll 'ueicc targets TCprMcncing a 

lveapon crew, Aiuui'id each group a. drtlc with the radius 
uf 5 yirdi from ihc: center ut the group is described with 
nigineer's ispt A grenade landing within the circle is 
■ iPLiuicd 1 hit, 

Aj, Flat frajwtorf. Vertical targets similar to those 
described in paragraph 11 arc constructed, except that 
ih to openings representing ivirwNtWsi m») be buih into 
che same ft sine with the ill tee bottom crowpras of the 
openings placed at ground level, at 6 feet, and at if feet, 
[t is desirable 10 fasten papui over ihc npeniug% the more 
leadily to determine when a hit has b«n made. 

c. Morfriiif shell. An observer toe each filing point 
should be designated, who will waich grenade* flight 
and uill 1 In- ^li"-.. Fir will also be required to mart the 
final point of rest of the grenade su chat nu lime wiU be 
kwt in retrieving grenades. 

SECTION IV 
SAFETY PRECAUTIONS 

57* GENERAL, e. Krep the grenade rleai) and <lry, |>ar- 
1 in ularlj the inside of the itabiliiteir tube. 

b> See that there arc ms Ihm * tin ihc rings of the grenade 
launcher, and that the ling* arc £tee f.om gril. 

«, Inspect frequently the wing inn un the ilamp of ihc 
l:..2M. In j:h Mi, Mi. an.L MS to insure that it is tight* 



115 



4* N"ciw place a gienade on the launchei unk» ii 
intended m fiie it immediately. Neve? JSrr jm.'*Ve flmutuflj 
^Vitj. or standard frtanj mmuitleMq ii'/jtfFr gKCMffffc is 

iff .'.J.'. ri.J.VIV 

e. Test each grenade to insure thai ct moves flatly 
Laum ln.'i s Mi and M a. 

^ J ii the event a fnigmcniatifiii hand grenade wj| 
adapter fa Pa to explode (dud) it wi][ be iLispnncd of 
i manner prescribed in paragraph z± 

g, Alter placing the giCTtadc on either the Mi or Ml 
launcher, keep the rifle etevacid above the hoi i a nun], ei 
opt when it ii riewury to lire at a minus angle of d 
vation. When firing it a minus olfnai ion. Lower the ril 
i>. nr]i j. i hi- aim is taken m lend in allied in on In 
prevent the grenade [mm sliding fi..m ih,- l:.iii H lu i 
When firing the grriLifk- with etthc* the Mi or Xfj 
km richer at a considerable minus, angle of elevation, md 
as from the lop of a cliff to bearhe* below, mine inn 
irnur hr crnplmrd cip kr-<ji the grenade fiuin falling ei 
1 1 rely off ihe rifle. Otic method j* to loop a single stranc 
■■I -mlirraiv l!mjid -im i iIk fin nl \h* frieoade and iFu 
lie the loop tightly behind the bayonet lug, When the] 
grenade ii fircil, the fin s eil^will cut the thread, A] 
numhoa oF Kienariq ran he so prepared ahead of Little il 
I he occasion demands. 

St* FOR GRENADES WITH IMPACT TVPE FUZES, in 

addition to the safety pi re anrinm listed above and in 
pangTlffch ^2c, observe the Fol towing: 

a. AM iiiles pertaining to Firearms in Beneraf. 

b> + Inrhrevmi ilie rifle irtc-riadr * nr i riil^i." M;:;m carhim 
grenade cartridge Mfi dnrs not fire ami ihere are no addi-j 
t tonal Mj or MS cartridges available, lock the- m'ii|>im 
rrptarr ihe grenade safety pin, and remove the grenade, 
Prr^uind rngagr-ij in firing mnsr wcai tliu helmet 
and uninMS die prone position fateedown during the limi 
the grenade Si in flight, or use cover, Mich as a fox hole 



1H 



d. Personnel not firing should not apuioath mi bin taf, 
TUdl ol the target, nor within an angle of »»° ™ "iln:> 
side of ihr line of flight »E the anlltwik grenade 
or tbe impact fragmentation rifle grenade *fi?, 

e. The uM? of In Inuls lij pci*mncl m»i filing and Ijy 
spetiators is optional. 

f. When Ihing scrvke antitsnV grenades for pracikc, 
the foUmring pracautiow will be observed 10 mHire 
detonation, \hm redoing the number of duds. 

(f) Targets of suitable hardneu. rigidity, and reasonably 

||;H Mil U\>>. v. ill U' n<" I. 

<=) The ideal angle of imparl is a head-cm hit Variation* 
from litis should not 1* greater than 2u*. 

a. In the event thai a grenade with an impact type 
(me (Mt|Ai. Mi 7 , or T; h ) fails to dentate u[»m rmpatt 
(dud), It will be destroyed in plate by competent person- 
nel. (See par, 240 (i)). 

SECTION V 
ADVICE TO INSTRUCTORS 



59. GENERAL* Training in use of rifle grenade* must 
■it 1 1 be iwiitietl i" 1 1:1 id and fast rules. Nothing a IT [hi* 
chapter is to be construed as limiting in any way the 
initiative and originality n' the instructors, providing 
necessary safeiy precautions arc observed. 

40. METHOD OF INSTRUCTION, o. AppJieorory jyf- 
t«m. Instruction should be imparted fay mean* of e*pU 
nalion, denwiOtqiltion. and imitation. The coach-ami 
pupil method should be used throughout. 



hp 



wnJ"^** 1 Mr T^ A nnmbcr „f noneo,„ nif , 

™ ™ 2 * WJStflm im,hJCt ° rs There should 

* ^ l«« one a^nt in9tM|0f te ^ 

61. SCOPE OF FR AIMING, . G™ ril( . ^ } Thc^hed- 

«« k-iitf h of time available, E h, tom b„ ; 1ulj „ J^" 
proline! to be tinned, and a m..,unE,«m allowances A 
minimum of ■ hree m , n s|hIuW ...^ i(mit , t|t ^ 
n^fflhip ttlffl.ni; for end, rilfe dented for an.iiank 
defense 111 Infantry Table* of Oraa.marin„ 
t» All rjAemen should receive sufficient irainine in .he 
antipe^onnel US c nf tfe riHe grenade !t > famili.rUe them 
Vith it* capabilities and limitations. 
(5) When ihc ril| E grenade u fired at hfeFi anrie* ii he. 
mmfS ;. ,n a *«l«*l In order m „ir- 

ijr.se In* or li.r fn,- , ifee! on a target under cronbat ™ n . 

rfmntij. a miiM.uur,, rare ul fin- ,\ ,1k- |, lin( ifjjl , tonsiderB . 

tkm. It will, therein.*, he ri«: Mr y to pull if* «f e ry 

pins of several gienade, bc:loii- t ommeariiig |. . I,,,. |„. 

tuvcuirs will whenever poeihle. dtinstiie the use 

of the rifle greiinde, filing Jive grenades. 



lit 



b. Allotment oMime. (1) The fallowing npportUtn- 
mcnt of ihe time wHinu*! fur lillc grenade training i> 

llggrjsll'cl- 





Hour* 
f percent 
of Wall 


InaLruc+in-i 


EqrjifvniC-nt 


1 




[.■^nh-n-nit. <3i-!iniriHtrj- 

Chili. a 11 U 1 it i1 1 1 3 L J L 

wnrk in urt of nrrea- 
BOrim and in sighting 
and -.liming. (Sctk. II 
an4 ILL) 


Bifldfl wllH launrhera; 
nrarHre rill* e fi^n ncka : 

III 1 B N 1 II L 1 1 |h| I 1 | 

rifl* nearl; Carpet frame; 
JO-irnrh aiming d^k. 


3 


w% 


Conference, ikmi-mNlra- 
tio-n, and practical 

work in |M»uiunft mr! 
Bequrnrr nf titration? 
in iMrlin-st : l 1 1 ■ 1 fn nig 
I.SWR. 11 and ]][.} 


Rifles wfci launchm: 

(ar^LCt frame- practice 

Till? f5TV"l'* t l K "-i aiiri" 1 

hagfl; #h t-1 1 praters, 
landing 1ype nnu- uc 
1 wo- man fox lu>lra. 


3 




Firing ftralinnarj-- L^TfiCI 
coucw, antirartk. and 
ajicipt runnel. 


Saint icq uLp mcnt 1ft 
ntmve; Stationary >ar- 
Rrts; rifle grenade, ear 
fnttges. 


4 


«% 


Cr>n fere rirt on ran $ e 
Etriirnariofi ;i nid l-uaila. 

DeniO n strji r Luii uf 
method nf firing at 

irn>vin« rarjf^ti- 

FLritlg mffvinj tarffEE 
rnurte. 


Same Equi-pnitiilt a? 

■t»ve. 
Ti mi Vs and a-leda fur 

MOVillff targeta- 



(a) Ac the beginning of each period of instruction, the 
chi ire riaRK should be assembled and ihr officer in charge 
should cover the work of ihe period with a brief ™- 
fereiice and dcaanstmikm. Practical work should be 
conducted by assistant instructors in charge of each gittlip, 

ft* Additiativt training. After the mat ing target munc 
has been fired, alt individuals undergoing nisMUclinri 
should receive further training in firing a* field targets 

nt 



CHAPTER 3 

ROCKET, AT, 2.36-rNCH AND 
LAUNCHER 



SECTION I 
GENERAL 



62. BASIC DOCTRINE GOVERNING EMPLOYMENT, 

*. The antit^k rocket lyncher, M«-itKh, is both M 
nifctim-c and defensive weapon. In both types of acu^rf 
it n BHd primarily againj< hntife armored vehicles wh« 
t(,nie W|lJlin effiecfiwe range, it fa a | 3rj employed agah 
eni placed automatic a|)on S| building* ami rmhrasui 
1 lie weapon is essentially one of opportunity in il 

hands of irainid pcivi L it ii a powerful support! 

wt jfimi -\\ ,| im t ranges. 

k No additional personnel are allmtrd lor the o™ i 
Hon of the Inmdien ami ro,.kets. I J., v will | K , mm- i ill ft, 
and properly ratal for h, destined r * i^,m<r j„ a ddi. 
tiort to thru regular] ^ assigned duties. They will not oral 
nanly be u *t>t\ white men are engaged in (hen nrimanT 

duties exitpl when ncrrt<«:<n t iH ., 'i;mi^| at- 

lafk. Rockets are Mipf.kmemed by the antitank gtcstal 
iti thr hands or rifle grenadiers. 

tj To piovidc necessary asMslanre In loading and , 
loading,, the launcher is, normally operated hy a tear 

Ufj 



,1 wo men. (Sec fig- 4fr) In eniHjHlcfei ii may be o[i- 
■ sated by one man. For mutual suppoil, it is liigtlly 
desirable lhai teams of rocketeers work in pairs («r 
ihrws) and be so lataicd dim the) may »biain flanking 
lire against the Ytghin asimir on the side* or rear of 
..riLilt medianiW vehicles- Employment of launchers 
in pairs (or thrcci) will [adlLiatc tlie action of combating 




Fi£\tT* 4). Rocket J fan. 



121 



two or more hostile armored vehicles which att* k 

mmmly from differ** a^J™. ^ SUtt 

.r^^*^ !nd i vidufll * sh ^'^ trains in ,| lc US J 

" r ' ' i;:u- ( .. arid i wt «, a, „ ail ,i„ s linit . aiwI 

niljon wjIJ permit, *Miraui 



BASIS OF ISSUE. The basis of i W i, e of i auilch , rs 

meat of H, c panttttlar arm 01 s^W. 1 ' 



section rr 

CHARACTERISTICS AND DESCRIP- 
TION OF ANTITANK ROCKET 
LAUNCHERS M1A1 AND M9 

M. CHARACTERISTICS, fl . Gtn«r*i j h, afnitanli 
b. Ptfrpoii. The |>rimary function of the Ifltinrher is 

«■* There » " 

«p insKfc the launcher ,ube. The Utinchc ml* . ihS 
-r, nee tHlJ y be heavy en™*], to pieven, ( |™ fnJS 
bending dntjj, l™y irig and lo excc ^ TC £ 

i rig at normal laics of fire, 



12Z 



fi5. GENERAL DATA, (ii-m-ial daia of the am ii sink 
socket lauudh-i* MiAj jlilI .My art as follows; 



M i Ai 54-5 inches 

0fg , . . . . . Cl inrhq?. 

Weight: 

MiAl 13-26 pnutids 

Mg . . . . . - * ■ J 5 |H>unds 

Diameter, internal inches 

I'oiriL faints Tk" Ctl yards 

Area LuiRuis to figo yards 

ElevatLDii for maximum nm^f- 4° c 



66. DESCRIPTION OF LAUNCHER MlAl, u. N*mcn- 

c/aturev The lauinhcr M1A1 is equipped wich sights,, 
hand itocfcp ^"E- firing mechanhrn, face: guard* 

breeeh jpiarcl tail latch, and lla-sh deflector. (See hgjs, 48, 
47, and 48.) 

Jb, Component p*rfj + (1) SIGHTS (fiff- 49). The 
front and iw sights art- Hummed on Mm- h-tl sidu arid 
are i.nch« apart. The front sight consists of three 
.\cuds rt , |>iL , M. , niing ranges of ioo, Mm a nil 3.00 yards. The 
rear sifchi is a pcrp sight. The frighls hcini; fixed the 
gunner mnsi estimate intermediate ranp;c% ranges in eat- 
ress of juu v«nk and ihe wimhifte and lend. 
(1) HAND GRIP- The hand grip consist-: of the left and 
right irLRger giips an-nfied to the trii^i Mipl^ri. I he 
trigger support omrnodaies the mRger guard, trigger, 
acid the lower and Upper nigger switch contacts. The 
trigger as pinned ai its njupcr end to ihe trigger support 
and is free 10 pivot 

Jj) STOCK (n) The stock is made of wcxkI, shaped 10 
fie against the ikmilder. 

(h) En the bottom of \hr ^i<*V aiu iwo \*-riii.il cylin- 
drical compartments winch house foui I m 11 cries- The 



12J 



iwo battene* i in che rear compaicnieni sLipjil v rhe euireut 
to igniTe che rocket; the two in the from compartment 
are spares. {See fig. 48(1)-) 

(r) C-Jirairiiiii-L j iJ in a recess on the left *idc is si small 
ektirit ];nnp which u used as 1 circuit tester, A spaie 
lamp is. carrictl in a circular compartment Oil [lie right 
side of the stock Under the circuit indicator cover, 

{4) SLING. The t.licig is fastened to the hand grip and 
to a hi ac lei mounted on [be launcher between the stock 
:==■!■■- die breech, it is used for carrying ihc la undid bin 
is not used whfn firing, 

(5) FIRING MECHANISM {fig 4 8;D and ®) r (a) The 
bottom uf chc: wrtfrfLcn Mnvk i* fitted with a hasp assembly 
to which is fastened a rolled h^ttery spring. When ihr 
hasp is Clem-el, iJie toiled battery spring makes contact 
with the negative pole of the baueries and holds thetm 
in position. The coiled haccrn spring [\ * anr^c 1 1 -1 3 li\ a 
xhcii r wire to the metal stock support to complete the 
circuit. The pohhive poll? iln? baueries is tonciecled 
by wire, running Ijetmjtn I he: slock amL Inunrher ml1k\ 
forward and ihcn down m die Lower trigger switch con- 
tact. The gap between chc lower nigger iwitch cuiitaci 
arid the Upjjer Lil^ct sm-iu li contact is bridged, when 
the trigger is sc| ueejrd., by a c?ip|.>eT contact bar. The wine 
from she tipper iri^er switch r on tan is carried toward 
the rear by a condyle mbe mounted on the right-hand 
side of the launrlvcr tuhe; in its passage by the slock snp- 
port it is connected to rhe circnir-tesier-larop socket (see 
(h) hrlow). Tr iIkti is connertcd to the contact spring 
mounting clamp ar rfie rear end of the launcher tuhe. 

(b) The test lamp. *et in the left side c?f the stock, h 
■wired in parallel to the oprraiing circuti 10 enable the 
filer to determine whether the battery and electrical eon- 
net l ions arc in order. The test lamp shcrnld light when 
the trigger is squeezed regaidless of whether a rocket is 
in the tube, 

12T 



(ti) FACE GUARD, Tbe fate guard is a curved metal 
plate 10 inches long which li LS closely around the launch- 
er tube, projecting about a inches forward of the stocks 
It protect* the face of the Runnel when the tube becomes 
heated through hi ing- (See r%. 4&£ 1 .) 

{7) BREECH GUARD- The breech guard is a flaring 
metal ring mounted on the rear of the tube, li lac dilates 
loading the rocket, pirums denting oi the tube < Luring 
handling, and picvcnts dirt and mud from entering the 
lube when Us rear end U resting on the ground, (See 
fig 46® ) 

rtj TAIL LATCH. Thr mil lauli i> a spring-actuated 
latch Lilnau-d on ill* mp of the launchd mhe ami pio- 
jeetinjj <ivrr the breech. When a rocket is inserted in I he 
tube, the latch engages in one or two of the notches on 
the tail filU of the rocket and keep* the rocket from 
sliding cither Fan her in in nr out nl the tube while the 
weapon is being aimed. Thai part of rhc latch winch 
engages the rmn hfs. and the notches themselves, are 
un na trued in r>rder thai [he electric circuit to the igniter 
in the stabilizer lube of I he rocket will be grounded 
through the launcher lube. The contact edge of the tail 
laich and the notches are rammed rn permit ihe ainomaliC 
rclea^- ol die nnkei when it is fired. (See figs- 46® 
arid 4$-) 

(9) FLASH DEFLECTOR. Normally die propellent 
chatisr- luniained in die Stabilize! in he ha* completely 
burned before the n«tfi leaves rhe launcher. Occasion- 
ally, however, especially in cold climates, the hurtling 
is somewhat retarded, creating a hack Hash as die mckrt 
leave* the munie. The deflector preveius particles of 
unmirned powder from blowing back onto tin- gunner'* 

face and hand*. The Hr« i"r is made *.f line- wnt mesh 

with a rigid wire hamc of a conical shape. It I* fastened 



121 



to the tube by a mounting clamp with screw and nut r 
and is mourns JJubii with ihe muzzle end of the launcher. 
(See fi^. 46(D -) 

47. description of launcher o. Genera. 

The launcher Ma is a later mod?] than the launcher 
UiAl and is standard. It ha* a two-piece band; for tar 
ing, rJie two pieces tan be secured tideways to. one a 
other. J he other chief diffr rentes between the r 
■Odds arc in the sight, hand grip, *[ytk K firing mechan- 
ism, and flash deflector. 'J he launcher Mg hat no fr 
guard. (See fig. 49® and <3>.) 

6. Com portent parti* f ■> SIGHTS, The launcher M 
has no front sight. The optical ring sighi provides a 
Simple mean* lor deter mining devaiiun settings and Jor 
estimating leads in tracking moving targets. The right, 
which is strewed into lire sight mounting bracket, con- 
sists of a Jena fiamc with a lens and lens cover, raiy- 
indieator,. and range wale. The hinge stud permits the 
sight to be folded against the sight bracket when not i n 
use or to he snapped into extended position for use in ' 
firing. The lens rm-er tan bi- .stiapjwil over tin.- front cif 
the lenj to protect it. The sight rotates on its indicator 
arm stud to provide for elevation. The indicator arm, 
which dicks into detent on the rang? stale, holds the sight 
in position. The lens of the sight gives the impression of 
having concentric rings with dark Lnmspaiwil lines cross- 
ing at right angles in the tenter <>r ihe field. The hori- 
tonial line is used to maintain elevation when aiming at 
a moving target and die concentric rings at? used' in 
estimating ihe lead. Th? larigc stale is « 111 1. 1 1 id Mil 1 
sight mounting bracket by (wo screws. The sight can be 
zeroed by loosening [he screws and moving th? Taupe 
stale up or dnjwn as ftrstjred. By loosening ihe nut on 
ihe bottom of ihe sight it is possible to set ihe sight for 
rlH leer ion. The range scale is graduated in 50-yard inter- 

1 30i 



v als with cacti iuo yards numbered. The iiuiubeis nm 
i ran o to 7. col responding ID a range Emm O 10 700 yards, 

SffTt: Sam* Wtf lllltndKfl "ill I" i»*i»cd with a Imi ai^u Iwrcsd 
off th* opiitiil rfiig^glhiL 

fx) HAND (.R]l'- The hand grip hoOst-s iJn firing 
mechanism which is rfcured to the trigger grip support 
on the under sidi: i>I Mie reai baml. 
ft) 5T0CK. The metal stock has two shoulder rests; die 
froul rest is used fur short range firing the rear rest for 
longer ranges and for firing in the prone position. 
(41 FIRING M KC I IAN ISM. The firing mechanism ttin- 
<isis- of niiifttii-i!. In nisi ng a coil and a spring actuated bar 
within rite (nil. The spring a< ma led tii RJ -ci is pinned to 
the trigger grip support and. the firing mechanism, I lie 
circuit for the passage of the electric current is complete 
at Jill times, hm when die Digger " i(»l» nrm al ^wiium. 
no current h generated hy the magneto firing mechanism. 
When (he trigger is squeesed, the bur iviihsn the uril it 
rotated ami i leclrk current is generated and flows through, 
ihe ciiHnir. When ihe trii^er is released, the haT magnet 
is. 1 niaicd to its original position under the action of the. 
bar magnet spring and during ihis movement eksctric 
curreni is au^in Rrnerated. The firing mechanism is pro- 
vided with a safety. When the safety is put at SAFE, the 
electric current is shunted and the rocket is prevented 
from firing. 

(5) FLASH DEFLECTOR, The rmuzlc flash deflerim 
is of solid metal, &pot welded to the tube, with the rrmr 
end of the deflector toward the gunner. 



1 n 




Ml 



SECTION in 
AMMUNITION 



48. HIGH EXPLOSIVE ANTITANK ROCKETS, 2-34- 
INCH, M«A] AND MfcAS. a. Desen>li* n . (ij (u> Thi 

ruLkui MtiAi (hg, 50) is ai.fi melius Lang and vci^is 54 
pounds I[ consists of a head and a lin assembly. The head 
consists of an ogive (now) arid a body; iFut jin assembi 
ii tomposed of the stabilizer mbe and the fins, 

(&) The rockee MC A3 has a rounded nose and a wh 
shaped fin P biu is otherwise similar Lo The rocket MtiA 
(t) The body contains a h\g\\ explosive charge. T 
jtabilugr tube which screws into rJic bmh closed 
the forward end by a plii£, Ahead of the phig is t 
rnfl? median Urn which consists of an inertia striker &e 
behind a liftht coiled spring which is collapsed when fo 
ward motion of ihe rocket i* &m-p|>ed. A safety pin pm 
through cJic striker and the stabilizer iufc*r and prcveni 
the strike]" from going forward while the pin remains i 
place. When the sinker doc* go forward it sets off 
primer cap which in turn wis off the base detonator, 
(j) The M3hiIi/cT 1 u Ik- contain? rhe propellent char 
and an igniter which i==s acmaccd electrically- The comae 
wires of che igniter pass through ihe Venluri nozzle, ihe 
short one being soldered to a fin r the lon^ one being 
stripped of insulation for approximately fi inches from 
the end. The end of the long contaci wire is formed into 
a tab which is lightly taped to another fin. Tin- r-jurllinard 
wad which loses the Vcntiiri nozzle is blown out when 
die propellent charge is ignited. 

f4) The six fin a are welded to the Venturi nozzle which 
seixrws on to the stabilizer cube. 

b. CcpabfJffte*. (1) The rocket is discharged from the 
launcher by ihe jet action of the propellent charge. 1 he 



114 



I IP 

■II 



nitiEzlc velocity is Only sn^ feet per second. The th-*m 
live elicit of iJh- is prmLiiMil i-mirdy by Lhc T 

exptuM-n * U-.it^- (oiiMimcl in (he hody, and only »ufficl 
lotue to ojHiaie the hutc is neccsiaR ;li iJu- point nf 
pact. If the haE<i\ pin hav Ijil-ii u-moved, ihe fuze 
»pc:rai« I <k-lonau- Jl \h*j nHkt i intiu's a hJuii c-t L uiv| 

k'lir i. il|...-i|.irio I ■ . J i Us i .i.,.- ,, n m^m;,! 

hei^ln of 48- tnche*. 

(ifj The rotket penetrate* comparatii-dv thick a 
plate at all ranges and at angles of im|ja<i as i^reat 
fio" hum normal m lii ,n] ..ii: h \AuWs ;i fiolc almui i j 
in cILameiff through the plate, Particles of the a . 
heated m incandescence, are blown from the inside r»f 
plate in a tone of roughly 90*; any ammunti ion wi 
the (f>ne is usually exploded. The fragmentation of 
body ul the rocket occur* outside the plate, (See %. 



Iff Ur* 5 i. F.gwt of mcktL 




<£■ Armor fcfaie. 



(j) It will pcntni*ik- tnitt ui Knk ui*«»n>?, ■ ' timbered 
construction up 1" » considerable Mm tin .. 

c- Limitation* (fiR. 5*> The wrap hi Imu « u-lSMiwly 

low rate 4>£ Juv; »l has a distinctive UbhIl Iim liaiKf. 

wilding to disclose the position; and wJlu i-d I 

miMU beyond 300 ^uls range, it is comparatively mac- 
luraic lis accuracy when lind ai moving largeis tk 
creases as the range inacttW When fired cm flat Terrain 
it IBB than pm yards range, impart with the ground 
ordinarily causes a ricochet and failure 10 detoiiaie. At 
ui| range, impact with mud, tot sand, or warn will not 
produce (kit in at ion. 

if, PRACTICE ANTITANK ROCKETS. 2.3+-INCH. 
M7A1 AND M7A3. o. The wdtet MyAi (fig. ss> » 
identical ta s™> weight, ami external appearance to the 
rocket MfiAi btii con lain* no high -ex plosive (harge in 
the bony. It has ihe same propel lent charge in the siabi- 
li/er lube for discharging it from ihe launcher. 

b. The rockei is similar to the rocket M7A1 but 

has a rounded nose and a wheel-shaped fin. 

70 IDENTIFICATION AND MARKINGS, o. Metnod. 

Ammunition is idem Mini lax the paintiufc ami inking 
cm the item and all its parking*, tlomplete uleii nidation 
til an Item "1 ;iuiiimnii"Hi imisists ol — 
(1) The standard nomenclature wW«* includes type, 
iiae, and model designation. 

fl) The amralimtim. lui number which, in General, in- 
clude* the loader's lot number* the loader * symbol and 
die date of loading- 

b M6A1 ond M*J*3 HE roe*e*t. The* lorVcl* are 
painted olive drat with type, model, and lot number 
marked in hlack. 

c U7Af and M7A3 prccrie* r« These rocket) 
arc painted Mack with type, model and lot number 
marked in white, 

13? 



71. ROCKfTT CARRYING BAG M*. Tliis bag, c^ilf 
stored when not in use, i» tk^igiK-d to carry ihiee rockets, 
IffiAip M$A± M7A1 or The bag tan be carted 
ju i lie Hide by means of side handles or over ilic shoulder 
by means of the shoulder mi-dip, 

72. RACKING (fig. 54)- Rocket* are pa* kc<l one per fi 
container. Each fiber combiner b seated with a scrip 
adhesive lape (yellow for the MS A] or M6Aj h and bl 
for cite M7A1 or MyASn practice) printed with rhe ty 
and model of the rocket. Twenty such cnmajiicrt ;< 
pntkrd r>, Mu- umcjtlui] boK P weighing approximately ]2 
pounds. 




ADHESivfi Tape 
ulle-practice 




SECTION IV 
MAINTENANCE 



73. DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY, ff, Gerttrd. For 

i.oi.Liui \ l .d 1 1 .1 1 1 : 1 k li-.ii ling, J[ is not nccessdry to disassem- 
ble the launcher except to remove the Gii.ftK u K J 'P % - Fl' 1, 
llier dcsa&rcmhh is fm (he purpose hi-E insp*i uon, mam- 
icnance P and j< pan* and shouJd be performed under l lie 
supervision of an armorzT-tirtifir&r ar otdn&nw futrsonneL 
b. DpioiscpTTbfy fovricher MM( (■% r 3 r p , r K 0. and 57). 
(l) Unscrew tJie jcrcw f]\ini tlic lla^h ik-lleum tiicjuncing 
damp and iviiiuyC ihe diflt'L cur. 

(1) Disconnect the sling fiom ihe slnij* Uni)^ cm the 
hwi nchtfi 

^3) Unscrew the screws and remove lIlu ding bracfcei 
frnm i he trigger gi ips. Unscrew the screw i^n ihe left Lrig"- 
gjftf grip and remove the 11 igger grips. Remove the CoEIti 
piny w 11 Jul raw chc trigger pin, and remove ihe (rigger. 
Ilrrak the solderi'd tniniui. 1 i. m hoi wren the ^ire and die 
lower bwiuh timiaci support. Pry the anuluiE W is 2i ihr 
wire lonsc fmm the clip* on thu led side of the slock sup- 
port. 

(4} Unscrew ihe mtc:wh from Lhe duUK mdirator tipper 
Remove the cover and hreafc the soldered wire connec- 
tion. Remove the spare bulb and ihe sockei assemhb wiih 
bnlh. 

{\) Open llic liiisp mi ihe under side of ihe fttnrk and 
remove ihe baflorirs. Remove lllc Four screws from Phfi 
hasp mid remove the hasp. Break rlie suldrml roiuieriimi 
hriween the wire and die bottom of die srock utppirr 
Slide ihe si rick ■ all" the support 

(fi\ Press down on tail hue h ho6y remove corner pin nurt 
1 ail latrh pivot pin, and taacfuLly withdraw die tail l-i" I' 
spring. 

143 




Figure jf t Surek and grip gr£t\ip A ffluncfttf MiAi. 



Assembly, tmtncfrvr, MMI. [i) Plane tail lad h 
ipring In portion over the stud between till latch shunt 
ind tail laLth Lhrtly, Press down <m i a El latch Wly ami 
insert che Eiiil Latch pi vol pin and secure it With ihe col- 
li- r pin.' 

(?) Snider cbr hrnken connections between the wire and 
lower swiich com art ^Lk|3|.KM ^ between the wire and upper 
stock enntaci, and becwecm ihe wire {on the baitcry spring) 
and tkc jkuiuhl ut the stork support* 

144 



(3) Slide the mxlt partly mitn the Moik support. Kctp 
itie wire between iUKt support ami battery spring moving 
in i he g|tn in thv Mutt so a> noi to h..ali the m»W creel 
com Lt-ct ions. Replace the conduit with the wire in the 




V i !■!.?.■ -.r\. Tri^^ Midi* 




clips on the left iidc of the stock fuppoit. l B u&h stock hit 

[JuHicnil I or] l]|L SCui k iuppuiL 

(4) Assemble light hulb io miniature wkci. Place unit 
in circular hole in stock an J wc use socket with two screw*. 
1*liL| chc socket wire out through the hole in top of stock 
and soJdu to ihe wires leading from the conduit* on right 
side of stock support. Replace circuit indicia tor cover and 
*ecuie with 1 he three screws. .Utach ihe batteiy spring m 
the hasp acid assemble "he ha^p to the stock. Replace the 
baUcrics in L Jteir com pari mcjici, 

(5) Attach ch<- n i^tr ip* to the irtggpr $up|x>n. Attach 
the sling bracket ts> ihe [r igger jjrips and secure the sHiig 
1 * ■ 1 l ie launcher. 

(ft) Slide the flash deflector over the mm ate ot the bar- 
itJ n 11 1 3 secure in p\n<v b\ 1 1 ■ i_- uinn riling clamp. 

if, Di$vsKmbty and nwmbtf r taujiclher M9. In si ruc- 
tions on disassembly and assembly of launcher Mg will be 
]HLiblisht^J later. 

74. INSPECTION, ta. Purpose* Thorough, systematic 
inspection* and prompi repairs art' in-unam r- ihrji ch<- 
weapon will not fait at 3 critical moment. Inaction dis- 
closes ihe repairs and acquitments not c&sary to ittsuie 
proper funcctnning of ihe weapon. An inspection should 
be made o£ the launches at delivery and periodically 
1 It 1 ■ 1 ■ -u 1 1 c i. 



Procetf&rre, faurrcAer MUL (1) Inspect the 
I richer for its general condition, loooe ur broken com- 
ponent*, chipped paint, bends, draft or obstruct Lull* in 
cbc In 11 f. 

i» Test the rlcirlric ebcuh by squeezing ihe trigger sev- 
eral limes. The bulb should light when the nigjjer 15 
squeezed. 

{g} Check for any ]<h^ wire connections. 



(4) Remove the trigger grips and check far the follow 

{raj Deformed o\ h ink en swiLch comaa har, 
(ij Mining *wuch contact buiton- 

(c) M ikying bar contact, 

(d) Mining switch contact lower support rlvcL 

(*} Loose comieULQH), particularly between swiLth con- 
tact bar and u|i[jl t switch coin at i - ■ ■ I = | ■ ■ 5 - ^ a 1 "' 1 '» -vill ii 
wires and the upper acid the lower switch contact sup- 
ports. 

fj) Corroded elecrric contact jjomi.v 

(5) Remu*e iJic circuit indicator cover and check for 
loose wire connection. Remove the haip an J check for 
Iocbc connection hi 1 we en wire and stork itipfSprl 

(6) Remove the batteries and examine for condition. Re 
place I hem if cracked, swollen or broken* 

(7) Check Finn r inning of tail U\ch and of lrig£Cr spring. 

(8) Examine the barrel of the launcher for rust, stale, 
and dents. 

Examine (her contact springs to see that they are se- 
cure 10 rhe maun ting clamp and thai iliey arc clean and 
free from rust, paint, and grew. 

C. Procedure, faunefrcr M9* fnslrtlClionfl on inspeN 
tion procedure for launcher My will be published later. 



7k PREVENTIVE MAINTENANCE- The following op- 
erations will be performed hy the uhtil -inns. 

ir* Tighten all screws and nuts to prevent their becom 
ing loose in service This should he done periodically 
when i he weapon is in service- Clean all nw and pitied 
surface with crocus cloth and repaint with lusterku 
ollvc-drab enamel 

fa. If the swi tch contact har ls deFomied P it may be bem 
to its proper shape, but it should Jje replaced at firsi 

ivpri. iM JEUly. 



nr 



76. REPAIRS (fig. 5 83 and .®). i he company arm 
artificer or ordnance maimcnacicc pcrsumid will n 
the following repairs: 

a. Sotdcr all loose or broken soldeted connection*. 

b. Replace any defective bulbs. 

C* Replace rhe trigger assembly if (he trigger spri 
is too weak or if irifiger stop is missing. 

Mptrr sX. Hardwood pitHth for rwvin K desitr. 





© ■ 

V.™^ dtnl Turnover. *.}$ 9 ijurh tltemeler. 



d. If ia.il latch dues not function, replace the tail Latch 

spring. . 
fk _ If trigger jrr] ps are broken, or cracked allow] ng moi* 

us re to enter, replace grips. " 

If electrical contact points arc corrodcd h dean with 
; rocus tlnih, 

9. Remove dents in rhe barrel by using the tools shown 
in %nre i^B- These iools should he improvised. 

(1) Drive the small dflll remover thrnuidi rl™ barrel. 
This will inucase the diameter ot the dented part of the 
barrel up to s-iH7 iin KM- 

(2) Drive the large dent remover through (be harrel, 
Tli is will bring the diameter of the dented part of the 
barrel back to the original a, 36 i relies. 

(3) To restore the original round com our of tbe barrel, 
force the dent remover to plat* under the dents. U»iri£ 
ihe dent remover as an anvil, hammer the outside surface 
of the barrel with a hall peen hammer. 

It Additional institutions on repair of launcher W9 
will be published later. 



77 CARE AND CLEANING OF LAUNCHER. Dolly 
and ljnntedJ a r*Py after tiring. Wd * doth wiih rifle 
I Kit e cleaner and rim it through tbe harrel several l line* 
Then run a drv wiphi K cloth lhrou B h until the ms.de of 
rlie tube is clean and drv. Saunaic a clean dry wipinfl 
doth with liflbt preservative lubricating oil, wrinjrit nut 
and oil the bore by running the cloth back and forth 
Through the barrel. 

b. Weekly. Apply one or two drop* of light preserva- 
tive lubricating oil to the tail latch pivot pin. 

C. Prfor to firing. It tin a dean diy wiping cl"ih 
thr.»nah the lisiircl u-nil. by the appearance of the cloth, 
ii is indicated that tlx film of oil has been removed from 
the bore. 



d. Externa! ports, ltustt.il, pitted, or ch i j>|jtd e\ j Mjsed . | 
Lai slii la< ci *liould lie cleaned will) ciucua doth and i*. . 



metal lurfacei *hould he cleaned wiih t locus doth and 
painicd with Lusrt-iless. oJivy drab, symhetic enamel. £)S i s 
not patiu ilit con tan flings, ti^ti dellecior oil launt:her l 
MlAi,or thai p : ,n ,,| tail-Laich wJiii I. makes eJectncul dr. .,d: 
cuit will! rocket ( ..ni-.l u ... I , (Imim ivmhVm S | ( „t mi. J .. . 
grips, wipe Willi a clean wiping clottL lighily i»ilud withi ..Li 
Type A raw I in wed oil. Wipe off thoroughly with a , ,V 1JK , t 
flfj-V uifiii^ do ill. 

*■ When used in w*t weaf Ji*r. Disassemble the stork 
arid trigger grips and dry all electric contact poinis attS ,,' g 
wires, with a dry cloth. Clean acid oil the rest at thfl,|. L j| 
la li richer as deseribol above. I iAI 

78L UNUSUAL CLIMATIC CONDITIONS. U l..-.. ,.L1- 
ing under unusual conditions such as tropical or arctic] »i 
climares, severe dust or san<| condition^ and near sal 
warer, ir is essential iJisl all the precaution- li,nd hd.nv ( 
■^Ji i ?lj i ■ J bu observed 

hy 



e. Arctic climates. En r< iTijjjeratures helow Freezing, 
but parr un laity in am it climates, all operating parts 
shtmU\ be krpr absolutely free of moisture. The bore of 
the Launcher should be cleaned daily with a clean, dry 
cloth and oiled with special preservative lubriraring oil. 
The hat teries shoi 1 1 < I be removed from the lamu h er M i A i 
Hind krpr warm uniil pu%i before firing Carrying batteries ^ 
HI inner porliis will keep ilujm suffir irmly warm. I 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 - 
dial el y upon bringing indoors, ilie launcher should lie 
cleaned on ihe outside and inside with a dry, clean cloth. 
Hemove the grips, clean and dry the launcher again, and 
oil the bore. 

b. Tropical cHfticifej, (i) When tempera aire and 
humidity are higK when suit air i* present, or during 
the i iii ii v m aw!, i lie launrhcr should be thfli.nigliiy in- 
spected ancJ cleaned daily. The bore should he oiled with 
medhirn prescn-aMve lubricating i/d somewhat more lib- \ 



uc 

I Q I 



:lv< 



m 



ISO 



.illy than prescribed in paragraph 77*. Wood parts thai 
.ive become swollen due to moisture should be shaved 
1 sufficiently to relieve binding- A light <oat of raw lin- 
«x d oil applied ac least onee a month and well nibbed in 
4. Lk the heel of the hand will help to keep moisture out. 
MLow oil to soak, in tor a few hour* and then wipe and 
r ..lish the wood with a dry. clean rag. Care should be 

.cri 10 see thai linseed oil does not gel onto electrical 
. marts as it will gum when dry. 

1 In hoi, dTy climates where sand and dust are likely 
m get into the bore, the launcher should be wiped dean 

I Lily, inside and out. Oiling of the bore should be done 
|.aringl>. In such climates, wood parts are IfH codyy out 

id A tint, ami more frequent applicant of raw lirwetol 
.1] will help keep wood in condition. Din ing sand or dust 
vomis, the breech and im^lc should be In-pi rowied. 

79. PRECAUTIONS, a. Si eel helmets should be worn 

I if the Runner a[,t l l ciai l er ' 

b. For protection From tin.- Hash, the pinner shcuM 
wear gloves and R ifles or Similar protective equipment 
uch as a Cloth wrapped around the hands and a tfas mask 

II shieM the fan ■ . 

e After 1 he saletv piti has been IHWW, the Tocfcet 
hoiild be handled with more than ordinary care due to 
1 he sensitivity of the fim-- 

d Wli^ii the proocllant is ignited, ftascs and flames 
ire. blown from ihc breech of (he launcher. Therefore, to 
avoid injury when lirinfc from ihe prone pramon the 
»unner hulm plan* his hc.dy so thai it is aL an au-le <■! 
tti to the line of aim. 

* The area directly in rrar of rhe hiunrlier F<ir a dis- 
once of » feet must be clear of personnel or of inllam- 

mable material. . .. 

f. The rockets should not be fired at temperatures be- 
low o° F. nor above iao a F„ 



151 



g. At tctqpentutto below 14 fl , the batteries in 
launcher M1A1 are so weakened that they will not igJ 
the propellent charge. When opening in such temper* 
lure*, ln;n tci ica should be removed from the launcher nimi 
kept mm until just before lirin^ by f arryEn£ then] Jit in 
side porkeis. The spare* may he ran ied in the pockets aH 
Mvinlu-d wiili ilu' K 1 1 1. 1 <hks t:\\'\ \ hour. 

ft. ■ J 1 ■ - link l-< hk vlijfi|H'(l (uiruinv it canlhiujrcl wad 
Cemented over the Vcnturj nozzle which prevents emry 
of moisune or din into the puipi-lleut chaise. Vhi rto! llm- 
an j- rocket will] a niijwmg cardboard wad. Do not icmuf 
i In- wad. 

J. During the operations of loading and sighiing^ 
gunner should always keep the mujtj.le of the launnl 
pointed towjiid ihe target. 

f. If the rocket fails to fire and if The corrective mej 
ures taken (p.ti, ^fr} indicate thai the fauLi lint's imi 
in the electrical circuit of Lhe launcher, dn command, 
move mnraa wire from nmnuL-l spring, rais* tail Ian 
and carefuJly ivii.hr.ltaw rocket from the ]aun< III i inicji 
the XllvU pin ran he reinsened. Rrtn^en wtfuly pin. 1 
mo\q rockei uumpkidy from the launcher and place 
lo one aide for disposal by aia r he 1 1 j/vi ] pe rsou ne I . 

ft. Always set safeiy of launcher M9 at SAFE befo: 
unloading ihe launcher. 

I. No ftl tempt should be made to fire from ihe launch 
MlAi or iVffl the earlier rocket rrKidel M6 and if 7 iJe 
lifted by the rnniatt ring on lh« nn&e (Ogive) and a 00 
motive wire taped to the outside running from this ri 

tO the I I 

nt, Boxes containing roekets should not be diup; 
thrown. mirihled, or dragged. 

II. The watcrpnxrf seal of the fiber con earners si 1 011 
not be hrriken unli] chi- .mnmi mi. ion L s aboui in be US 
iLerns unpacked but riot used ibendd be restored Lo ih 
migfciu] condition and packing, and Treated, 

112 



o L Hotted should be protected against moisture and 
arernrs of temperature, 1 hey should nut be stored where 
mperautncfi exceed 120* F. 

p. Plane rockets in their containers in shaded plates. 
IK3 not expose rockets to direct rays of the sun until they 
ie ready to be loaded into the launcher. 

q ¥ Do noL allow a rocket to rem a in in a hot launchei 
i in i to firing. 

SECTION V 
OPERATION 

30, GENERAL, a* Due to the comparatively short sight 
radhis. caie should be Taken to assun* correct living posi- 
tions (see par. 8W)- 

h. The weapon, especially when the tube become* 
heated from firing, lias a tendency to shoot high, making 
it necessary to aim at the bin corn of dtt target, 

Interpolation between the ranges provided on the 
front sight, eaiimalion of range* in est ess of 300 yaids 
mil of windage adversely affect accuracy ol fite- 

31 LOADING. 0. During ihr ttftrrat intra of U>adu\£. 
nikting. end firing the loader shwtd at ait rimes be to 
the sidr of and slightly forward- of the breech end of the 

taunchr*. . 

b. The seqnenoe o( loading is a* follows (fig- ^n); 
(1) The RHnncr glares launcher on right ihouhki and 
■est* the electric circuit by southing cii^i scvdal tmivv 
observing to sec thai h-m lump 'is 1 ' 1 *- (There is no 
|:jiiii>(iii iIh- launcher Mu.) 

w The gunner takes the prone, sitting, ktieelmg h or 
standing position wit* ihe Uumdiei on his shoulder. ~l he 
Inadr-r lakes a similar pmiiinn facing tlie launcher. o|j» 



151 



I ii mi r i tic ^uimtx, and a* rinse 10 che launcher a* pottlbl* 
The loader should lit approximately i foot from tfa> 
launcher and little, if any, to the rear of the gunner. 

<3) The gunner commands: LOAD, at the siirnc c i mi- 
dropping hit ri[*hl hand from thin n igger and tapping cIm 
Loader, Hvliilnj »ip].H niin^ ilu: launcher whli his klc ham I 
The gunner makes certain ihe t&t lamp (on lauuchffl 
M1A1) is not lighted. Hr nuisi nnl upu-rvr i he uiggll 
while laimiinii is being loaded. 

(4) The loader repeals [he OEBnimind. ^1 1 i Fl i ■ 1 liis mriK&l 
it 1 the kit without changing his position on the ftrouiB 

(5) Tin; lujtdei grasps a nieket with his. left hand, p&fl 
up. The riM ter i.$ gia^icd by div hiIhl\ with l]iu head ul 
ilk rockei to the Inader's right. The eye of ihe saTi-ty p 
is away from ihe loader and the middle finger of the If 
hand rcsis on ihe eye. (See lig. 59®-) 

(ti) Simultaneously, the louder grasps the launcher till 
and tail hitch with his ri^hl hand. | i;diu dowiu His ilmi 
is around 1 1 1 1 ■ I'MiHom of the tube and his fingers rest 011 tl 
Irnpnr portion uf the tail latth. Pressing with the fin 
Jie raises the tail latrh. (.See fig- 59®-) 

fr) The loader inserls ihe mrfcrt so that the large pad 
of the head is jusl past the tail latch. He recasts the tal 
l.ncJi and will) ilu middle fin^d nl ihe Icfi !i;iiu1 Hips iJ 
eye of the pin downward. If the pin docs noc fall qui 
ihe stabilizer tube, fit pins his left thumb uink'i iliu lie 
jwtrtion of che pin and lilis it out. 

(S) The loader then slide* his left hand hat k around 
fins while he again kiisc s r lie Mil hmh whh li Lm right ham 
He pushes tilt: rocket in tr> die launcher until ilu. m-nlius 
in ihe Tin* line up wiih the tail lan.h wlmh is fillosu-d i 
drop En 10 a notch or notches. To insure a good elertrii 
contact, he gives the meter a slight rotary twist with L 1 
It fi band, (ike lig. 59®,) 



T 54 



(g) The loader pulls ihe contact wire from the fin am] 
pulling iMiraight back lo uncoil it, fastens it by twining 
tt □triiind the: annaa spring. lh iJhti uji-, |]iu gunm:! 
und c:alU "UIV P (Sec fig, ®. ind ®,} ' 



92. TO Flftf LAUNCHER. Tin- launcher is fired 
squeezing the nigger with a stead) pressure (see (jar. SS« 
There is no slack id be taken up as on a rifle, ihe accu 
iirinj; Ijcini"- an iHuplisht -<| hi L -h-i rt ii ill contact Whrn 
ing the launcher Mg, squeeze iJic trigger aiul rcleate 
immediately, lln urM move (he launcher tiff ihe t* 
before releasing the trigger. 



S3. MALFUNCTIONS AND IMMEDIATE ACTION! 

\r,iiln:ii I i i .11 - on ihr Imnicher may be c lii%siFk*r| as a fail 
urc to load m n Failure tn fire. Below art! wme ol 

1 1 ■ - 1 1 | - . , 1 1 1 1 - , . | i | ,J.,f . - ;,m! OJMUliW 3IN ;mmo H[..|.i:iL.ihl< 

to reduce them in ihc field, 
p» Fafrure to loan'. 



;i i ist 1 



Pen I Lube. 
Kuril hreecfi guard. 
Ovrrui.Tt ur bent rcmn-r]- 
BeriL or Jeictdvc tail latch 



Cnrm live hitaaure 



NoiK. I Jiincrw irilitiL Ihj rvpfcLrna. 

^i r- MKhlp-Ti wirh pMctu. 

Pibraicl iinf] jjpr. new nuun<t. 

Alleiii|jr r<> siriiiylm-ri I;lM Ji. TT ran- 
tsuC carinnr he nfe&de, I h« ];irrli wil 
ha™ to br- rrplacfil fiFivfiflir: >k 
wtcU-r rnrw-ajd fKrahiun of tail 

_i*1rri lo get contact. 



b. Foiiure ta fire, A Failure to Fire may be the mull 
i^f wt-ak hasci-iK's (in L-iuiicln-i MiAi; -t u hurak in the 
cletniral drrtm. The fnllnwi ml ait wutt ul Ehc more culiv 
mon r auses and ihe itmicdics: 



Weak current. 

Indicator lamp fflila Eu liul". 
I hf-r J ;l! lb (0 fire. 

Eitrtmc oodd (14° to a"}. 

UampncM- 



Contact wine ntil securely OOfi- 

TiKw coiKarE beLwc^n tail Latch 
and ntftrbeb in finft. 

I.oatie or bmken part* in trig^r 
□lethftrusnL. 



(N?iled hactery Bpfing an hafrp 

fails 10 rcwitaCE bactcriei. 
Ijxk** wire* in circuit 1 indic-ulm 

Louse Krfitarf wire between bat- 
tery pprlnpg and MOCk ■uftpflrt^ 



Curretth'f meamirt 



rhnn-ge baUWtC*- 

Chang* bfrttCfin* If laundiei 
ftiill Ejila CO fine, Lnofjeut aaid 
<-lfan trigger mwhanuam.. ^ 

Kren baEteritB *\nrm until juJE 
prior En their -rnntr:i!iLuLat*d Utt 

rfncnrt launcher fnewn dauipnw*, 
I f wet n dry ihof Ci«K"hL"r with clean 
dry rlnth": disassemble; asneees - 
«^^Y- 

Attftcb Mcurtly. 

Rotate- ruckfrt back and fftrttl in 
ordrr Id hb&L ttwtail Lak:h firmly 
an t^c notch. 

(rigger i*iKh cnamrt. If COfl- 
1art h.u ittdefcirmfrl tiend lE LiltO 
cornni-1 shape; if broken, turn 
Lftiinrbw <rv*t to-nrdnante maLtl- 
if-nan*;e petfaonnH. 
Spread siwinfl €0*1* » that LE will 
make roiiLacr. 

Rfllwm circuit indicator cover 
and lighten Mb'in?*. 

Turn launcher ovrr to ordnance 
nhnrnretialhCv perwnneh 



NOTE! 
MlAi. 



The abOVC Therein** to tncU-TiB apply only tn la.uiu.hcr 



15 V 



r 



Jmwudrntc action The piutcdute lor iiJitm'diiitc 
aaLuu is shown in *he knowing diagram: 

IMMEDIATE ACTION 
Launcher [alls to In 

I l ~' ~n 

CriiiiiK'i Loader 



Calh"Mi*lii*. ri 
Sets nietj ai SAFE. 
Dm|H right haiul hum 

J ;tj>s h >,d>:li i . 



Hi- liH-^ zirtd ;n k iii jn , 
to In r. 



Repeals "Misfire."' 
Count? id live to allow 
iot 3 hankie 
Disengages contact wire. 
RnLuu-H nMrkei to insure 
thai r _: i i | Lziich is ciminp 
iulo iu>r: litf ol] Jj h | V 
Knj-si^ rmuai i wife. 
J pinner. 
Calk "UP," 



U Mis launcher still JaiJ\ i.^ Fire 



Command*: "UNU>AIV' Repeats o&ninarid I \T.OA[>. 

Drops li^ln hand from Hemovei contact wire. 

"iW'i Remove rockel until safely 

"I aps loader, pi ki hole Is exposal. 

Kc-| ihic safety pin_ 

Remove* tucket from lauiuheL 



SECTION VI 



MARKSMANSHIP 

34, PURPOSE. " ■ i m if lo provide 

.1 guide for llK- uniform training"! individuals in ihc load- 
ing and living nf ihc rtxkt'l launt:hcr MiAi and My. Sintt: 
lliu hmUm JaniRliL-i iiuinially is ojMriaic-tl b> iwo mtiu "he 
gunner dtnu Id -ilxi Im- pr^fir ic in in L> iz-nLin^. aniL ihr leader 
*kumhL iilui he piofkiblil in liririg. Thi» ihnuld be boa tie 
iti mind during a] I phases of naming. 

85. PHASES OF TRAINING. Maitamanship training is 
divided into lite ful Lowing phases: 

m* l v r t B | aa i aciin nun ksiiuaii-jliip- 

i. Riiiigc pratuoe. ' 

8fi- PREPARATORY MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING, c. 
Purpose, {0 The puijMKC of |>i cparatoi y naaiksiiiaLi- 
Jiip training i* l^fti the uildirr tJu- cwlllial* nl shoot- 
ing U na i i \ dcvcli^]i Iim-iI and roncxL shilling halio 1m- 
fyie hr undertake* range pi a* \'nc. 

(a) To factum* proficient in chc filing of ihc rorkel 
launrhvi. i lie racket gunner must l*e thoroughly trained 
in Oie following ftweatialt: 

(a) Comet MghtLnj* and aiming. 

(b) Corrrrt trip^ei ^pui/e. 
f.-l fkirretl pillions. 

(rf) Kncwlcndpe of tuifv estimation. 

(: i Kn-iukcki! ."I -.\nv<\ - limiilon. 

if) Knowledge ■ aff lead evl imai ion. 
(%) In I raining she sccpteme in which ihpsir subject?; are 
Lifted slnMild be followed. Instruct ion should be tbnnptigh + 
and cadi individual should be t-uc£uMy wpi-ndhci! clur- 

1*1 



ing a N stage* of training. All emu* should be Corrected 
iluincdiaccjy. The soltlier muM be impressed with the, im- 
]w malice of exactness in every derail, 
{4} J in.- practice antitank Indict. *. S 6-inch, M7A1 or 
M7A3 onfy will be used during pic-piiiatoiry exercises. TJlc 
practice round) an- full} loaded wnJi a pi- 4 '»|ic-Llv»n thaigc. 
Severe burns or injuria from (he propctiant or from trie 
piujeet Lie i 1 s t If may result unless extreme vigilance i* 
maintained to insure thai 11 n lotteries ate in the launcher 
during any iris true Hun in positions in which the lowkl 
ierves the piece. 

(5) For loading practice, it is advisable to make Up 
dummy rounds from M7A1 *r M7A3 roekcr* which have 
been fired ami lecoverod. 

b. Sighting ond aiming (fig. 50). (1) PRCMTli 
SIC 1 I I nC'l I /RE. The proper sight picrute for the 
launcher is nn different from that tor mher weapons in 
l hat the hold is 00 ilie bottom of ' the larger. Tin- impor- 
tance of propei si<dir pinimi-s can not be overemphasised. 
No sighi picture can be obtainrti «-n]i launcher MiAt 
beyond gpwi yards. Elevation for ranges between 300 ami 
f^n yards must be estimated In all cases, the eyes should 
be kept in line with the sight*. Al all ranges, the front 
sr^ht stud should be aligned midway of the peep sight as 
shown in figure fto. 

(a) SIGHTING ANI> AIMING EXERCISES. (&) A 
Launcher is placed on a 1 esi and pointed at a blank sheet 
of paper mourned on a box which is 1,000 inches from 
the rest. Without touching the launcher or rest, the in- 
strncror take* a prone posit inn atid looks rhimtRh the 
sight. He directs the marker, hy command or improvised 
signal, to move the target until it is in eorreci alignment 
with rhe si^ht. (The lar^ei should be a small tilhmtette, 
approximately 6 inches in length with height in piu|HJt- 
tion, arid forming rhe general 0111 J hie of a lank.) He then 
commands: HOLD to the marker. The instructor moves 

III 




- 



iu>m die launcher withom disEtu l>ing the sifting arid 
directs Lhc pupil to look ihhuugh the Jtjglm in order io 
observe die correri aim. After the pupiJ has viewed Lhc 
correct aim, rhe marker WBNm the tas£et on 4 nE align- 
ment. The pupil directs J he maiker to move ihe iargJ 
iin til Jir in arrives jm ihe proper xiflhi picture. He theitf 
Commands: HOI J} to die marker. Ihe m^k-r, wilJmtJ 
moving the tar^ c.i m makes a dot on rhe paper wiih a sharil 
f wanted pencil, Inserted iJimhikI] a hole in ihe renrer ofl 
die rartfcL The marker then move* die disk 1r. change ihd 
jiJiftnmenu This operation is repealed until three hIihJ 
(which should be numbered i 7 j. arid y rcspei lively) havJ 
been made. Then* do<4 will outline ihe shol group winch 
the pupil has made. The pupil's name i* ihen writterd 
under the dots. The si/e and shape of iheie prou]*. ihoufl 
he diseuweil and emu - pnimc-d i>m. \ dim j»ioup slum hi] 
Bfll he over i Ench in length aton^ iis Longest axi>, The) 
exOOM ahould he repealed until pmJjeicncy is oblainedJ 
{b) Com per li ion Ulween individuals and groups; Iff 
see which ran makr rhe sfFisdlesl dim pnwy in ;l valuable 
aid in cmiiing imcresi in I his eNenise. 

c. TrJgfvr «qvt*». The rcicket launcher has no le- 
mil, \er iheie is a considerable amounl ni Hmdiing to* 
contend with. This am he rorrerti-il In, proper nf^er 
squeeze. The eoner! tri^ei squeeze Ji a srniwiih. tread i. 
rearward pRHlKK inn the trigger when die sijfhis ale pmp- 
nlv iilijpiu-d. If ihe niM^lr is allowed ici hill :ifiei pn-ssin^ 
ihe irijp^Mi, ihr- d.- Lived ignition will cause ihe mmuA to! 
strike short of the target. In ordei in maLi- hi is. ihe siphis 
imwl be kept property aligned while the trigger is beinjf 
presses 1 and afti ■? jc has been pressed. 

d. Position*. (1} GENERAL RULES, (*) Instruc- 
tion in pnsitiuns should inrhidi- Imldinp; ihc hiearh while 
mini riff ^ * raijri-i am? rri^t-r squeeze. The prone, sit- 
ting, kneeling and standing position* .:n< ^inn ;dk- sim- 
ilar lo chust used with other dinutdci Weapons. The exact 



ettiUof a position for any individual will tlepemL largely 
II hh own LoiiformatLon. In any case;, the gunner should 
ie cuEii[cniahk\ i rki\(. "l, hLimL sie-idy. 

A) Ai ranges up Hi yards, the primary use flf ihe 
amidicr is lu fire ai moving targeiv Therefor* 1 , position* 
tumid afford the git-aie«( IL-cxibility in keeping with 
teadiness. To insim- Hoxib>ilit\ ot liie niet's body, the 
;uimer should noi real his cIInjw* when liriiiK al <i mmiiiK 
sli^l'L ?Xf*pI wtirff frr fa or ffif fyyofTf fmAiHau. The arms 
tiul upper bwh diuuhL be free permit ttiiouihj steady, 
^asy swin^ing- 

[t) When luirifl at stationary iaPRfiy ill* steadiest pusi- 
ion is llif lit-si. The firer .v^mW itm hiv elbfflfi and hotly 

irisitre the: greaies! su-ndine*^ 

(rf) Although oih ruin ;t Lniv sillmuene. the prone- |>^^i- 
i.iii is inn ivl-IL l 1 - 1 : 1 J ■ 1 . I i-i In. ml! jr. moving unlets, ami 
inhere possible oikoJ \hc. other positions should he thorfri 
Fortius ]Hjfc|juM-. 

Upon assuming any posiiiou. \ here i* some point 
to which the launrhcr naturally falls without cffmi:. In a 
tMTect position, this pfailtl Will be the taiKPt- Any read- 

1 mi men t netfrssaiy to tause this should lie made with the 
rnttru lw>dy. 

(f) The launcher -Jinn Id not l>e ram erf. 

rjr) All practice and firing will he done From a right- 
li4JinJ pusicLfsn. 

(h) The niHf/le should l>r kepi up and toward the Tar- 
get at All tttnes. 

{a) PROM'. HJSITHJN (fig. 61© and ®), fa) Rurkrl 
flunurr. In ruining the prune position, the body should 
lie at an angle of not less than 45* to tin- line of aim, 
wilh I lie spine straight. ]n irarkinR a rarfiei tiuin this j na- 
tion, ii is itc..i'-vi-\ ihar rhk ani^k' In- ni;mic;d"<d ro pre- 
vent the gunner from bcinp bin-ncd h\ tlie ignition of the 
propt'lhmt. The fe ifjHi leg should he diretilv on a line mn- 
niriR through the pinner's right hip and right shoulder, 

1*5 



i he kii kg must be carried to the left as far as possibl. 
with cumfn ?fcr, and buih En l ]:-. * In mid he llai cm the ground 
The elbows should be well under the body, the hti Ii.lh 
should be below hand ip, mi<1 the atotfc should be phiu il 
flrjiily against the ihffltfHfT The heart shuuM l.<i- phi L i ■ 
so tli at the eyes line up with the sights and so thai itn 
hend i* us steady and cumfoi table as possible. 

(fr) /.oflder. The li«a<h-i phm-* hiinsi li Mm i>m ilir 
ground, resting on hath elbows and at right angles to tin 
Licit: of aim. He -should be close enough to lJiu jjhiukt 
communicate with him lod ■! ihe same time serve thi 
piece. The loader should he: opjhuitc the gunner's rigbl 
shoulder. WliiLe tracking the louder must move nix ml li« 
conform wjrFi ihe mim-i:nctir=i ciJ ihe gunner in order li- 
prevent burns and to serve the piece effectively t 

(j) SITTING POSITION (fig. 6a). («) Aarftrt Gunnn 
There: j.j h ■ i'.m; sacislac 101 y push ictus. The litM pusiii^n de- 
scribed is preferable, as it permits quicker and eusiei 

inOVL'URTH nf I IK" IkkK ill li;i<Uli£. 

/+ Sitting position No. / (fig. 6b®}. The gunnei 
should sit at half right Face from the tar gee 
lugs cruised and miing on che heels, aiKl 
body leaning slightly forward from Lhu hips 
with the baek ityilgbdL The left elbow shi uilcl 
foe under ihe piece, right elbow held as liii^i 
as comfortable in order lo fibril a put k fir « 
the istockj neiiher elbow rested. The heat 
should be placed so that the right eye lilWI kip 
with the sights. The lefi hand should be bm 
low ihe hand pi ip. and the ri^ht bund ginn 
ing the hand grip. All tracking mnvcmcil 
s] lou Id be trom [he hips up unless it becouiS 
xiectwary for the fircr to cliun^e bis ciuis 
position. From this silting position, the jjuft- 
lier will have a traverse of approximately hjO d 
without moving his position. 



1** 



■i- Sitting position No. 2 {%. 6k©). The print ijNii 
diEtrtenrc between ihis anil titling prj&iiion 
No. 1 ]v, i3i4i t instead of the gunin-t\ lefts Im 
injj rrowd, ire feel aie- well apart and art 
braced with I he heels dug in in rhe- ^mund j|h 
the 1 uiiieriiiuiial rifle position and with ihi 
elbows re-sling nn ihe knees, unlos i,n kiii^n 
The disadvantage of [his. |>miii!iii i% 
thai in liring downhill OA a moving larqel. 
the elbows and knees eau&e iiiicrfcreme run I 
icsnici (he traverw. 
(fc) Ltuuit'Ti The: Loader takes a si 1 ring ]w:»itH?i] with 
logs ca^h^l, ligihi leg ovei left, at rii^Ju antics m i!h line 
of aim opposite the gunners righi shmdder, He should be 
vlu*e enough lu ihe gunner in position No. 1 so ihar ihe 
jpjnners right knee may i«[ i*|>iHri Lire loader s right (eg 
The loader must move about to conform vmh ihe r»ov£- 

menis of ihe 1 while necking in order 10 prcu 

burns and effer lively serve ihe piece- [f ihe gunner i* 
pijsilinn No. a, his right knee vriU not ie*L on the LuijhIlj 
itghr knrr. 

{4) KNEELING I'OStTION ffig. S3), (a) Rorkn Gi^ 

The kneeling pr is it inn for use with (he Launcher 
MKniewJiac similar m .the rots vein in hug I am ism raft po 
lion Jot use wilh the rifle. The Runiu-s kneels down 
hi;* right knee s^iih 1 In- hi n Nick* well tip and away froi 
rhe right heel, the left Jrg is, pointed coward ilie lar^ei 
the left foot It at ripbl angles to and opposite che rigf 
Lin t-, am) ilu- Ii Ie kg forms a iigh[ angle 10 Mk- ftmtrru 
The body is held erret with ihe left elbow under the pi 
and the ri[?lii 1 1 1 n I ^i;ispni£ llie hand grip. *np]>orted 
Mm' kfr hand, rigJu rlbnw as hij>h as pussMik 1 m fmin 
pocket for the slock. In this potion, traversing k donj 
bi n Hiving iIh'IwhU finiri ilie ground up. With very lilrk 
practice, a gunner should be able to have si traverse 
iipju 1 »\ inmiely 180*. 



Ill 




ttoEmi, ffl prrmil tracking 




(b) Louder* The loader plates himself in a kneeling 
position with one or Loth knees on the gruuinl und at 
right angles to [he line of aim. lie sEnmkl be dose enough 
lO the gunner 10 com imiri kale with him, ami at the sam* 
tape stive I he piece. The lua*!er should he opposite the 
gunnciR righi shoulder. While tracking, Lhc loader mm 
move About to eon form with the movements of the gui 
ncr in oftJei to avoid bums and effectively serve the piec 



(5 

AU 

po 

LO 

en 
«ti 
faj 
il. 

lei 

th 




ri 

al 

w 

53 

Ol 
B| 

il 

r; 

P 

« 
il 

si 

e 
U 



frfflJN- A- Kwiirifr ( nv.iilM.. r j 



170 



(g) STANDING POSITION. («> Rocket ^hhjwl The 
si j tiding pxiitioii si mi Lai m die conventional a landing 
position used with the rilic. The gunner stands half-faced 
lo the right with hln feet from j Imsi co 2 feci aparc, body 
erect and well bid united. The left elbow is comfortably 
under the Jiiiini liri . I he right elbow should be raised » 
fax as possible in order lo form 1 pocket fur the Iflock with 
■ In- 1 1 ! j 1 1 ! hand "j " . 1 ^ 1 1 i ■ ■ 2j iln- 1 1 ■ ■ 1 ■ I u ■ ip in^l ' !"" ,! llir 
left hand. In ilu* position, traveling is done b} moving 
ihe body Irom the ankle* up- (See fig. 5ft®.) 

(b) Loader, The loader takes up a. ending posit inn 
at riglu snjrlnA 10 the line of fire and opposite (lit gunners 
righi shoulder, flu should hi- close enough lo the gunner 
to serve the piecC- While tracking, the loader 111 List move 
about to conform with the movements of I he gunner in 
order to prevent burns and to serve the piece effectively. 

e* Range t%* J ma Han* Hue io the trajectory of ihe 
weapon, art urate nm^c estimation is vital. Ic is unnetv* 
sary to practice or Instruct in estimation of ranges in ex- 
cess of G50 yards because of ihe limited nin^e and accuracy 

o[ the launcher, lnu I v.uik is ri ^nii rd at the shorter 

ranges up Co gem yards, A few minutes of each period of 
range estimation tin mid he devoted ro estimating the 
range to a number of prominent points 011 the rerraln 
that have lj«en previously measured. EslimSMOn of the 
range 10 movtnp lar^ei* should lie stressed. 

h Speed ettTntcrfion. Speed ettmintion is a very hn 
pottam phase of piepfliaim y tnai ksuniilship I raining. The 
gunner must base rhe number uf leads he intends CO take 
upon hi* esiimaiion of die speed of the tai^t, h 1* readily 
seen that if he makes an error in his speed estimation, he 
will probably miss the target. .ShEFn tern piaclke in sjwrd 
esttmiiuini wlinuld be ^iven to insure iliac each individual 
is proficient. This practice should be secured a« follow*: 
{1} Have a vehicle pass in fs<nii ..I die im-n Hndrrsoini? 
instruct [on at announced speeds and at various ranges so 



171 



(hut the men will get a menial picture ulihe vii ions speed*. 
Jiaiii have [he vehicle move about at unaHiiu uncoil 
Hid hllVi i ai I. tm.Lli wi iic i .k r>! ir gi .- ■ .| i In- -| U. 
Then announce ihc correct speeds. (Hfiause oE the \\u 
thai c sinks *cldmll ttluve nosi-country in cxrew oi »o niilt 
l>cr hour, the speed of i he vehicle should not exceed ths 
rate.) 

(?) Repeat chis procedure until ihc instruLinr K *suii 
licit that all men can accmaic-Jv oiirnrue spotd*. 

4. lead estimation (fin. li.j). In order io hit a niaviitj 
target, U is nece^ai-v loairn in appropriate distance ahca* 
oE it and an its projected parh of movement so that t\ 
raigei and the projectile will meet. 1 he length of a lea* 
is the length of the larger as ii appears to the Eirer. t j>nc 
must be applied in all firing at moving tai^ets excei 
when ihe tar^c* is ftt extreme])' close range yaicK) «*r 
when it is dirrr-tly approaching Or retediflg Fnmi (he jzini- 



l » vo* 




nc 
or 

IK 

ih 

■I 

in 

pi 
-1.1 

,m 

<> 

tit 
ih 

a; 

ti 

li! 

HI 

w 

In 

ti 



m. 1 tic k-;icU indicated in figure 64 jhqiiid be mcm- 
rized. 

fa, DetermitfatJcn of Jeodj. {ij The number of leads 
icoc4.Mii > lu rtigui^c iui) Nugri lJc i-jnidi ujmki thu spL-L-d -c 1 1 
he target, the raiijg*: ul [ai»cc. iliu Lime nJ JJi^ii ul the 
irojectile, and the direction of navel of the larger with re- 
putl i«« Lim- ul fiiv. Punim- mm Ik- setuted h} plao 
ng targets at known ranges acid marking olf leads by 
)]aeic]H stake*, " E hin visually rirntfrolraitt to the men ihe 
ititual applicatiod of the lead. Targets of dUenart length* 
hould be nl Lh^ed, 

(a) P ran in: mi s4 j tl tai^CM \hmikl he. UAhnwA by pract- 
ice vich moving LaifteLv Have J velm h pw in front of 
he men at an unannounced range, moving at varying 
ipccds and with fiequem changes in direction* Require 
■ich man to deiinmscrac-c his abiliu m iscimale rail£e and 
peed ami m Apply die lead I a hie. 

17. RANGE PRACTICE, <?- Generof. Range practice 
ihould be iniiiaied immediately aficr the completion nf 
the pieparatary training. Nu man will be permitted to 
lire until he has uuirfw torily completed the preparatory 
nai kKrtuiiisliip r raining. 

t>. Rvnq* personnel An officer in charge of firm ft 
itfill he designated by rh-c responsible commander. He will 
In- fin -.■■!!] i.ni-.i'- .ill 1irin^ -'nd will In- 1 is|>i>i i>iliU" h h 
iaEety precautions. 

e. Safety precawtfejn. The following safety precau- 
1 ton* will be observed: 

{0 Danger fla^a will be displaced at pmninearl position* 
rjn Che iJinge during finng- 

(55) FLrinp; will mn hrgin on any range until ihe officer 
in char^ ]\M asrmained ihn ihr rari^u is * k-ai and hiis 
given (he command I (ire. 

(j) Ar Least one officer will be present at all firm g 

(<[) No launc her will be removed from the firing line ucinl 

an officer orders ir batk. 



173 



(5) All misfire* will be unloaded only upon command 
(par. 79fl). 

(li) All loading and unloading will be executed upon the 
firing line, Willi mu?jJc* directed toward the target and 
noi pointed inward ihc ground. 

(7) Care should be taken to avoid direct exposure of am- 
munition to the mn, 

{8} Equipment musL be inspected in ihe prescribed man- 
■ 1 4 h before firing. 

(y) The liim^ Imu -md rln- ready line should be at least 
ai> \ftuU apari in order not to expose juriso-niicl to back 
Ij-last, 

(10) A noncinrirnissioned officer should be de^niucd to 
count ihe number of shois fired and number of explosions 
vJ>u! iiwin\ "li h v." i\|iI::-im 1 1 n kfi MtiA ] ui Mn Vi * IS 
thjtt duds may be accounted for. 

{11) In the event thac a rocket fails m explode {dud}, it 
will Ik: destroyed in place by competent peiwnnd. Fur 
Jntoi motion on dLgpma] of duds, see TM 9-19^0 

(11) Ammunition will be issued only on the ready line, 
(jjfl Rocket gunner should wear gloves ami ftugglf*- 

(14} For aiidiiLunal nafctj precaw ions, see AR 750-10. 

rf. Firing it a* JO nary targets " ' I he target nstd 
for tfaiionan hririj; should beai least 10 feel Hjnare, When 
firing with the high explosive rocket MOAi or MfrAj, che 
larget shoidd he either <rf wood or rnctal, heavily coil* 
simcted, since a cloth or paper target will not cause the 
round to explnde. 

(i) The [ol lowing procedure will be adhered to while 
firing ai stationary im^i-- ;l 1 ■ iiiiini^innud uEHfer will be 
in charge of the firing line. Addition! officers or non- 

n.iriiii-ii.jiri-: iiMhcis h. sissi-l .11 llu.' ^U|".'i \ Lsiori •■! llir 

firing will be requLifd in the ratio of nnc to every five 
firing potim. When called to ihe firing line, ihe gunner 
mimI leader will come Forward, accompanied by a qualified 
coach. The gunner immediately Lakes his position and ihc 

174 



Linger opens the rocket container. The officer in charge 

.,l livings urn ids: LOAD. Tin- Lr.adcr loach ihc launcher 

diid gives the signal UP. When all teams have signified 
ihat thev are ready to fire, the officer has rat h gunner fire 
separalfiiy upon his command, When the tumraand is 
given For an individual iram to fife, ihc Jnadei laps the 

l> ■. .me uilU I p." and ■*■< um i" I"- U'he-ii tlLl 

order has coinphied firing, ii is ordeied hack by the officer 
in charge, and a new uider ih tailed up. Any round ilmi 
mfrfira is given innifiliilir action. (See pars. 7^. H^b 
and c + ) 

e. firing <rt moving forgers. (1} "1 he moving target 
should he 15 10 it fart long by 6 10 H feel high, and si 1 mi hi 
md up ut *f*eds of au mph. The liring and the move- 
ment of die larger miiM Im; climb coordinated to avoid 
any undue tie Lays mi the filing, tint-. h" ill is reason, means 
of communication should bo provide*! between the towing 
vehicle and ihe firing line. 

(s) 'I hc following ]HtKL-diire should l-r .idheu-d m vhilr 
firing an moving la » gets: for [he purpose of control, noi 
more than four gunner* should fire on any one order. The 
learns, accompanied l>y their coaches immediately take up 
position* frmii which ihe> sue Roing t" liic When all havi- 
their iIil- i>flnc-r nt c\m&e will give the com 

maud: LOAD. The loaders then load the launchers and 
give the signal i.p. When all team', have signaled vv t the 
iiffkrr in charge will give the ttnmnand; TOW TARGE! I 
Upon ihi* . i.-niiuiid. ih. I.miLits Nil* lht ' - m|n * ,K antJ U,M 
"Up/" and the gunners then fire at will. Any gunners hav- 
ing a misfire will fire on a larrr orclei. When the targel 
has stopped moving, ihe officer in charge: gives the com- 
mand: UNLOAD. Upon ihis command, the niadcr re- 
moves the contact wire from the contact spring, raises the 
latch, removes the rocket and replaces the safety pin. 
W'lien all launchers are clear, ihc order will he ordered 
fiaclt and I he next order called up. 



Us 



#„ Firing schedule (i) A recommended course of fir- 
ing follows. The firing at uaiionary targets having Ikmsm 
completed, moving-iai^t firing at the shorter ranges is 
(hen commenced. Target* should be moved both froici 
light to left and fmm left to right, and each gunner 
should be required to fire at the target at least once lor 
each direction of movement, {Sec par- 4Gb (4) for a. plan 
1 »( a moving target r.;mgi-.) 



AT S7VJ Tiri.V -Iff V TARGET-? 



Standing 

Prone.. 

Sitting 



100 
200 
300 



Number of 
shot* 

I 



AT MOVLW T.iRWTS* 



Pushkin 



Standing - — - - - 

Sitting - - — 

Standing ... 

From pU fcN\ hole or pit tyjn: 
emplacement* 

Fron«_ .... — 

Kneeling. . _ 

Sitting . 

Total.- ^ 



Ran 



100 
100 

2(H) 
200 

200 
300 
300 



Number ol 

1 
1 
1 
1 

1 
1 
1 



10 



'AmmiJ 1 Lilian allowiintxn m-ny [H-itnii Liidis j<1n;ih i" 1m- nnly a 
jPiirl of l he alum- In ui,^( ki-iLnk-'. L inininK m liij(h -angle lire ii tiwl 
prcstrjlMjd. as it must tie dune hlilicIj hy estimation.. 



17* 



(i) It may be necessary to liain some individuals with less 
than ten rounds. Men who will probably not be called 
upon to use the racket launcher often can be satisfactorily 
twined with five rounds or less- A recommended course 01 
firing follows; 



AT STATIONARY TARGETS 



Standing - 
Kneeling. 



I-.. .!.. '■ 

loo 

200 



Number 
nil at E- 

1 

t 



AT MOt'TSG TARGETS 





Range 


Number rrf 
shots 


Standing, - 


200 
200 
300 


l 
i 
i 






5 



88 TRAINING SCHEDULE* A suRgestetl training sched- 
ule follow* This should be used as a *uide unly. but the 
time available for Lmtruciiim slum Id be lined to this 
sc heduk' m-,.1; a* possible. 

in 



1 

£ 


fill 


1 li- 
st 

Si* 
r-i fi 


1 J-3 *!* 


md 

t 
I 

I 


si 5 si 


-2 - ? 

UK 

*^ ; ■ " v 5; 

IH — ■ -Hi 


fl h t 

HI al 

- : jf 

•-■ ^ _ - - * ' < i-. 

i^g . s - .a 

iH iK| ri| — i _ i 


1 


ft 


eg 
jl 




1 
1 

_ 

s 


■ K 

_c 1-1 

s™ 

E ■ 


-=" = 

B 
E 


■ 

> 

Si 


1 

1 


ill feJ 

— 


ii 


a 1 

1 1 

- 


















f 












1 
1 


— « 







SECTION VII 

■ 

TACTICAL EMPLOYMENT 



B9. GENERAL. The taetira) employment of ihe rocket 
is gnvemcd by its capabilities and limitations. It ha* iis 
principal fund ion as a defensive antimechanized Weapon, 
aJ chough Lank deicrayer pernonnet, motorized reconnais- 
sance un'm, iiiid other specially organized groups may use 
it offensive!) in many situations." The rocket does riot 
supplant but supplements the antitank rille grenade 
U9AI and such orher antimechanized weapons a& niii) 
be issued to ail) unit. 

«■ OFFENSIVE ACTION. The rocket is an effective 
weapon for use by raiding groups, tank hunting paiiie*, 
rccon nai*.s;inte elemcnis, and in the aitadc of tttwm and 
village!;. The rocket is especially effective in atudu oei 
vehicular bivouacs, halted or disabled vehicles, and (or use 
in ambushes. 1l is capable oF delivering harassing fire 
against an area target up to ranges as great as 650 yards, 
However, ammiiniiiuri llUist be consented in order that the 
rorkci may perform m pah n my mission — defensive action 
against mechanised forces. Being highly mobile, die anti- 
tank rocket is a valuable M-Mpnii ^villi any l^nd in^ f orcc 
which may expect to encounter pillbox or mechanized 
defenses. In such operations, specially m^Hiiiwd teams 
should accompany the leading elements of ihc landing 
forre. 

DEFENSIVE ACTION, For the dose-ik deFerise of 
units and installations,, the rocket is a highly mobile and 
effective weapon. Norma] h, nickel gunners and loaders 



in 



tfill be <lesignated from aimmg ammunition bearers, truck 
Irivers, clerks, and other pi-iMHinel. However, when TC- 
mirctlby [he siiuai ion, all launcher* must be manned by 
!ny available personnel who have been Trained in I heir 
ise. Whenever tinn pcmiiu, rocket teams will be aligned 
\ Definite plate in (lie an limei handed dHcnse "f the 
weapon, unit, or imiallatioii. If natural cover again*! mech- 
i.mjrtl aliack is ncii available, pit type or pit fox hole type 
rmplatemenis should he dug for the rocket teams. iSce 
»K Cnl In case of iin prise atrack by hostile median lied 
forces, gunnc.* will direct their lire against the nearest 



Figure 6j, E titpSactmtnis for fOfKei team. 




PERSPECTIVE VIEW 




191 



hwnlr: vehicle. In the absents of orders or standing oper- 
ating procedure:, gucincti will maneuver so a* lo place 
themselves In the most favorable position lo engage and 
daiioy hostile me hanired vehicle* in the immediate 
vicinity which constitute a threat to the mail or installa- 
tion* The normal tactical employment of the rocket to a 
defensive weapon is enumerated below: 

ti. Close-ii i d i i « n oi c:i ew -aci ved weapoi i s r 
b* PmtJM*ikm of moiurized columns on ihe march and 
at tcmpui^iy halts. Under these condition* it niu** be 
noted thai Li' is not desirable Lo lire rocket* horn a vehicle, 
because of the blast effect <il ihc propdlant on occupant* 
of the vehicle, it* cargo, and the vehicle itself. In at J catcs 
the launcher must lie readily available for use bjr d«- 
luuLiiucd action (par. tpj), 

c. Protection of mine fields and we entanglements. 

d. Protect ion oF uhservaUon and command posts, 

*. Defense of rear aix?a installations of all arras and 
services Wllhin ran^e oi hostile mcthaiiiied forces. These 
will include — 

(i) I rani bivouacs. 

(a) An i in Li Hi rion d Lsl r i huting points* 

(j) Supply installations oF all type*. 

{4] I audi rig Melds and airdrome*. 

(5) Ciiiicaf poin 1 > cm a route of hostile mechanist ad- 
nntr which may not be protected hy other adequate 

means. 

(6) I Ti^hr r headquarters in seal latiorii. 

«. SPECIAL TACTICAL EMPLOYMENT, Using arms 
and mvhi-s should develop standing operating procodim 
peculiar 10 their nt fds for (he mosl apprupiiuc employ- 
ment nf ihis iu»i M uiL Tinimphfy Lhr previously mermoned 
«encral tactical considerations and the normal employ- 
ment of ihc rocket, the following procedure will govern 
when applicable; 

■ 

113 



rockets and launchers in vehicles must permit ins tan i avail- 
ability for dismounted action. Rockets may be carried hi 
vehicles in the original parking case, or containers of nut 
more l]] an three rounds may be taped or strapped to- 
gether. The M6 ammunition bag is suitable for carrying 
rockets when dismounted, the maximum load being chrce 
rounds per hag. Ammunition mutl be protected Irnni dirt 
and multure and secured against excessive shocks which 
might cause detonation, 

94, SECONDARY EMPLOYMENT ffi B fifi). I„ arfdhteo 
t^ its use as a projectile when fired from the launcher, the 
nickel may he prepared for firing electrically and used as 
ui] improvised antitank mine as follows: 

a. Remove the rocket from its container. With ihe lop 
(open) end of the empty container resting otl the ground 
or other surface, punch a hole in the bottom. Insert the 
ends of the actuating wires in the link-. Twisted-pan- held 
telephone wire is suitable for use as actuating wires. Lift 
the container with one hand and push the wires thinui-fi 
until ihey extend abnm inches heyond the nj^n end ol" 
the con miner. This extension alhtws sufficient Leeway to 
connect the actuating wires to the rocket. A ceiled contact 
wire is lightly iA|j«| to one of tire 101 Li-i fins. Keiunvc ihis 
wire from ihe fin uad connect it to one or the actuating 
n-ires. Cnnnecl the other actuating wire to the wire which 
is soldered to one oF the rorlcet fins, by wrapping ii lightly 
■round ihe soldered connection. Slkle i he rocket, fins first, 
partially 

then xljiJc the rocket down all ihu wav. -Mare a piece nf the 
adhesive Curtl diner seal over thr. exit nf ihe ami^iiripj; wires 
to help keep out mature. Close the. spate bet won ihe 
npen end af ihr con leaner and Ihe rorkrt head with the 
remainder of the UmtKtlier seal, for ihe same reason. 

b, Hare ihe iMcmhty in a hnlr ahnin * Feet docp. wjiIf 
n^M? u p, or hfji i/^n Laity in tfac side <»f a hank ur cut p prop- 

m 



eaiy sited to achieve the desired dm The rocket container 
«rve» 34 a jjuidc for the mefcet. If placed in a hole, u w 
loose dm to cover at! of the assent l>lv except the upper cod 
which should he HfMeakd by coming with twigs, leaves' 
" r l, K ,1[ bunches ol ^iass. Ccrf WUJ ( fc* f„ft e „ fo bm p 
ike Hose, as the rocket is cvmpieltty armed anct the safety 
pin is removed. 

*♦ Arrange a circuit by connecting rhe actuating wires 
from the rocket with a batter) and an improvised circuit 
closer. The battel ■)> and connection* should be protected 
front moisture. 

9S + DEMOLITION. 1 lie uidcct mine may he used for 
instruction of rail mad rails, structural steel, disabled ve- 
hicles both armored and transport, and various tv|jes of 
materiel. It may be placed in or near the object to be 
destroyed, allowance being made for about a foot or travel 
l* frtie impact, Ignition is accomplished as In paragraph 
94« 



CHAPTER 4 
SPECIAL INSTRUCTIONS 



DESTRUCTION OF ORDNANCE MATERIEL IN 
■VINT OF IMMINENT CAPTURE IN COMBAT ZONE, 
a,. Ge/iercL {i) Tacritil HJiualious may arise when, owing 
II? limnaiiocis ol iimt ot I iian*pc>riatLon, it "sv i 1 1 Ikkiiik' 
iiLiix^wlik 1 h i ;ie ii.ul- idll (-iiuipiutiit. Ill Mwh silmilMULs 
ii is ini|>ciaiivc ihai all matt-rid wtuc h cannot bt evac tmc[l 
be destroyed to pi uveal its capture intact b\ ilic enciin. 
ami it* use by ihe cnomy ajpinst om own trfmps. 

fit) The at hii uction of mam itl is a command decision lo- 
be implemented mily mi authority tldcflaiwJ by Ulu iLi- 
vi&ion *ii higher roimmandcr, 

b, Pj ineipfei governing deftruetion. The following 
air i be fundamental pnrit iplcs co Hp observed m I. he i'Mi u- 
timi rsf an order tm dcihtmy small arm*: 

(i) The dc*tniciion musi be as complete as clu: cirtinn- 
sc;iiiLi s will pennii ■ 

(*) Lacking dole Tor tompleie destruction, ilw parts eft- 
senlia! to operandi r?[ ihe wrapimi mmc hr destined, 
biRmnirLg wish ihcwc parLs iiiosl difficult ol duplication 
1*\ i In- i-nf-uiv. 

(j) The same cvteimal parti of each weapon musi be 
dettroyed to prevent the ftttumi ruction m « complete 
weapon from several damaged parts. 



15? 



C Training^ J he training of individuals before Lhcy 
reach the com ban zone will l>e biich a-i to insure Lheir ability 
to destroy quirk ty and adequately die weapons with which 
they are armed in an established and uniform sequence 
based nn ihe principles slated above. T raining wiH not 
involve the actual destruction of ciislIc i leL 

4 (l) GRENADES. Incendiary grenades 

M14 are Useful in igniii:.- i he in a lend. Affix the grenade 
to cop of the Mack, pull the pin with cord or wire attached 

(a) When destroying impacted grenade*, slack them in 
*nial] piles. Sca< Is, ur pile most of the available gasoline in 
airis ami drums around the ammunition. Throw onto the 
pile atJ available inflammable material such as rafts, scrap 
wockLh and brush. Pour the remaining u.:iv: -Jmic: over i lie 
pik-.^jfrkiuin uiilaniifcuiblL' nmlerial muse l>r used to insure 
a very hot lire. Igttite the pwotine and take cover, 

(h) In destroying packet! grenades, siack che boxe* in 
small piles. Cover with all available inflammable mate- 
ria Is, such as rags, scrap mud, brush, and gasoline in drum* 
or cans- Pour gasoline over die pile. Jgniie die gasoline 
and take rover, 

(2) ROCKET^. Rockets fin i be destroyed by sympathetic 
detonation, using TNT, Place the boxes of the packed 
tuckets so ihar che nose frjglvc) of the rockets is down. 
Unpacked rockets will he placed in vertical praiiion in a 
recess between boxes with nose (ogive) down. Mace TNT 
-charges between the stacks. Use a minimum of i pound of 
TNT per seven or eight rockets, Detonate a] I TNT charges 
sirmiltaiieuusly from cover. 



190 



APPENDIX 
LIST OF REFERENCES 



ir ^ inch. AT Rocket Launrhrr MiAl TM 9^*94 

General ...TM 9- ■<»■«> 

fircnaika. Hami ami Kifk . ■ ~ - TM 

Rangi- Rrgti Unions far Firing Annrumi 1 ii»n for 

Tra minK ami 1 'mw* Fnrclice - ^AR 75°" 10 

Qualified inn in Arms ami Am m mill ion Train- 
ing Allowances - *■■*■- ■ AR 77ii~ u> 



191 



INDEX 



WctMKrire, ri(V -iinulo ijn 

^iim Lu iiiMniLUH-i: 

Hand gnrnuik^ , fcj M l 

Rifle ifrc-natlrx 

ROClCL la LIIK hCT Hrt 

Miv-iiiiii-ni or urcnscl^ hunt hen ji 

Aimniinlllofl turning bag_ , T . jo, 71 6 

InhLunk itHf gHHiadc, ._ h| 

flam -iiLj-rt, 1 ilk- prtiiLadt' , . , , jo 

CIii-ihh^I hand unmade. , „ i h | r g 1 

{Jrjiiiih^: 

R i Ik ^rcrucU 1 l.'HiifrrheT, , , , . , y P 

fttkrLi i I.- ] K - E 

l iiiuPmL i! i;ti iiin lv ha ni l ^bi'iunU-i 11-16 

finurii. IkhhI 141 c-i i.i 1 II- . fUu 

tHli.ll^- 

Crerurk ^nsAUIC , 14,13 

Mating 4 iTftut , , ^.j. 

WmkmMf *M\*rui 41 

I^'^lE Li^liucii 4pf inaiis'i iH , , . , gfi 

Ik'EHTha l-nrs SB ,,, i ,. l . illlBJ . j 

I rl -.;| -.hi.-|n li| ■, .tri- l avu'inltli, im krr I a hi 11 lu-r . 

I>uch , , r , 2\ 

K| LI ijirifci.nl 

Aniiprr<fwinH , jfl 

AlhEilaiik , j6 

U n il ijirnadr , t j8 



1« 



P&f.f pro Npl 

Ext 1 Hi mi: 

Si-c|ura« dE loading and lirinK r i1N ■ 



nnJn a 3* P 

SLfcllKln^ BTid ^LrnlnK anii|H.-iHOiiiid 5* l0 7 

Sighl i n« and a iirl ii-E ant il unk p , S?> 75 

field Largrl nring- 45 "l 

KjHit irjininK -I* 4 1 

Filkis. hand HrenacU 1 - u 1 

Fu» '.. >.>- S- » S-45 

Grctfjukft, hand: 

Ch.iri'ificrncicN . . . . * -| 5 

Types - , . « - 3 3 

Grenade projection adapter Ji> ^ 

CiCimHi*, Tiile, Lu.icf.. iw^mcntrjiure. an-I rliar- 

aclcriAl lefi - « ■ 55 

lUenlificillon aiwl mailing*: 

H-ind i^imacLfH. ^ H S- 

Rilk jjffWHlw - . - ■ ■ ■■ *ft M 

Retell T 4 * 

] ninir i I iarf- Jrt Mini. f"T i OCt« launch*!* . . , 3 . , . I J 

I iwppil iun uf rOC*rr lannLlitr 74 H 5 

Launch-" - ****** '" ft 

- Lend ntinlMkHl far mefcet lauiKhCT- .*.+»*«< 66 161 

I.i-ij- i;n uadr llinuwuii; '4 $^ 

l.nadiriK inrlm lauiuihvr '31 

M .1 Inl f nn nee tiL TOCkfl launcher , . Wr-?9 1 

Malfuifctllfini Of ™*eL lu-uiwhrr . » *J l R R 

k--iii:i 1:^:1 i|j: 

Ai l pr Hid 1 irl ATffi 93 

Anciunk P - - - - - . ■ ■ SS-4 !,L 75 

Rutkrt launcher . . - - ■ SH* 161 

N- 11 1- i-: 

Rilk Kri-naiU-. h - - > - If M 

RtitVcc lnuncber ...... 1 4*6— Gj leJ 

OfKiarinn: 

] I a nU ij.i (■npdp* ■ ■■ 5 m 

^M'naiik^ . 3- 5 

R«cfct.-L launcher ^ 



1H3 



FoU« of 1-nngiT, . , . ... .. 91* 4h 

Ann|M TMLiriiK-L rlfk- i^i^nri-Se .......... m m£ 

Antiiank riJk 1 htl'iimcLt Jju ft*' 

H.iiid ftitisade . . , A 19 

Riickuc Lauiw±ET Gti H" 

Kraccict count: 

Hand training grvnaUn 7-11 

Lift gTrnartt 15 in 

] h yi uLwhiiic sl^ii;iJsb fjr, 

\ 1 1 = i I h : ^ . 1 - e 1 1 . I rilk! ^rtiud-t. ^c, HE 

\ l it i 1 :i ihk 1 i Hi' L r*n:ule. ...... r j|* 3ft 

ttan^r ruLinu I i-un . .... |i Si 

AT. HE. is.je-indL, MSAi ... m 134 

AT. priirtLn 1 , M" 7 A 1 . . . . 6g 139 

Lauinhvr M 1 \ 1 . ^ II* 

T jimclu'r, f\\ ixz 

Rodkcc ar rjJug bug 71 141 

^uiV'Ly fur-: lli.i I i 1 -i is: 

Hand grenades ........................ 17-3-4 4* 

RLHe ^rL^uck't . 57, -.ft. 79 1 15, 1 16. if,i 

RorkiT iRunchCT Sj 173 

^H^hlin^ and. aiming: 

Rifle KT«udn , 34, 57-53 

RockcC lauiuhrr 161 

Wins IMA i ng . . . . r r . . . r . „ 49 fl-i 

S.|h i-i! i^riirudvii Bfi iBi 

TjrjjrU: 

\3 I iVjf)^ JL.L .fc. ......... ."I ^ 

Muviii^ P Tnckef, B « r , . . A? 1 7 J 

Stationary, rocket 87 i^j 

Vertical , . li t jfi 35.. 1 1 J 

TflCCkal C1¥lpl-0¥iiiL-iiL trf n?tU-L launcher ftg-gsr ifr* 

ThTDn LnR crchniquf , liR-nd grenade* J. (5 17 P IQ 

Ti-BfHjjOilhig I a iintlHjr and iJininunilion 93 1S5. 

tm